Dial M for Murder
|Dial M for Murder|
Theatrical release poster by Bill Gold
|Directed by||Alfred Hitchcock|
|Produced by||Alfred Hitchcock|
|Screenplay by||Frederick Knott|
|Based on||Play: (1952)
|Music by||Dimitri Tiomkin|
|Edited by||Rudi Fehr|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Box office||$6 million|
Dial M for Murder is a 1954 American crime thriller film directed by Alfred Hitchcock, starring Ray Milland, Grace Kelly, and Robert Cummings. The screenplay and the successful stage play on which it was based were both written by English playwright Frederick Knott, whose work often focused on women who innocently become the potential victims of sinister plots. The play premiered in 1952 on BBC television, before being performed on stage in the same year in London's West End in June, and then New York's Broadway in October. The movie version was released by Warner Bros.
Tony Wendice (Ray Milland), an ex-professional tennis player, lives in a ground floor flat with his socialite wife, Margot (Grace Kelly). Tony retired after Margot complained about his busy schedule and she began an affair with American crime-fiction writer Mark Halliday (Robert Cummings), which Tony secretly discovered. Tony devises a plan to have Margot murdered.
Mark visits, and Margot introduces him to Tony as an acquaintance. Tony sends the two lovers out for the evening and meets at the flat with an acquaintance from Cambridge University, C. A. Swann (Anthony Dawson), who has become a criminal. Tony has secretly been following Swann so he can blackmail him into murdering Margot. Tony tells Swann about Margot's affair, including a love letter from Mark which she once kept in her handbag. Six months prior, Tony stole the handbag and anonymously blackmailed her. After tricking Swann into leaving his fingerprints on the letter, Tony offers to pay him £1,000 (£24,500 today) to kill Margot; if Swann refuses, Tony will turn him in to the police as Margot's blackmailer.
When Swann agrees, Tony explains: he will take Mark to a party, leaving Margot at home and hiding her latchkey outside the front door of the flat. Swann must sneak in when Margot is asleep and hide behind the curtains in front of the French doors to the garden. At 11 pm Tony will telephone and Margot will go to the phone. Swann must kill her, open the French doors, leave signs suggesting a burglary gone wrong, and exit through the front door, hiding the key again.
Swann enters the flat using the hidden key and waits behind the curtains for the phone to ring. Tony's watch stops, so he phones the flat later than intended. Swann tries to strangle Margot with his scarf, but she stabs him with a pair of scissors, killing him. She picks up the telephone receiver and pleads for help. Tony tells her not to do anything. At home, he calls the police and sends Margot to bed. Tony then moves what he thinks is Margot's latchkey from Swann's pocket into her handbag, plants Mark's letter on Swann, persuades Margot to hide the fact that he told her not to call the police, and destroys Swann's knotted scarf, replacing it with Margot's own stocking in an attempt to incriminate her.
The next day, Chief Inspector Hubbard (John Williams) questions the Wendices, and Margot makes several conflicting statements. When Hubbard says Swann must have entered through the front door, Tony falsely claims to have seen Swann after Margot's handbag was stolen, and suggests that Swann made a copy of her key. Hubbard does not believe that story because no key was found on Swann. Hubbard arrests Margot after concluding that she killed Swann for blackmailing her. Margot is found guilty and sentenced to death.
On the day before her execution, Mark tells Tony to save her by claiming that he hired Swann to kill her. Tony says the story is too unrealistic. Hubbard arrives. Mark hides in the bedroom and Hubbard asks about money Tony has been spending, tricks him into revealing that his latchkey is in his raincoat, and asks him about an attaché case. Tony claims to have lost the case, but Mark sees it on the bed, full of cash. Mark stops Hubbard from leaving and explains his theory. Hubbard says he prefers Tony's story, but after Mark leaves, Hubbard discreetly swaps his own raincoat with Tony's, and as soon as Tony leaves, he uses Tony's key to re-enter the flat. Hubbard had already discovered that the key in Margot's handbag was Swann's latchkey, and realized that Swann had put the key back in its hiding place after unlocking the door.
Mark returns, and police officers release Margot. She tries to unlock the door with the key in her purse, then enters through the garden, proving she is unaware of the hidden key. Hubbard has the handbag returned to the police station, where Tony retrieves it after discovering that he has no key. The key from Margot's bag does not work, so he uses the hidden key to open the door, proving his guilt. His escape routes blocked by Hubbard and another policeman, Tony makes himself a drink, and admits defeat.
- Ray Milland as Tony Wendice
- Grace Kelly as Margot Mary Wendice
- Robert Cummings as Mark Halliday
- John Williams as Chief Inspector Hubbard
- Anthony Dawson as Captain Lesgate (Swann)
- Leo Britt as the storyteller at the party
- Patrick Allen as Detective Pearson
- Robin Hughes as Police Sergeant
- George Leigh as Detective Williams
- George Alderson as First Detective
After 1953's I Confess, Hitchcock planned to film The Bramble Bush, based on the 1948 novel by David Duncan, as a Transatlantic Pictures production, with partner Sidney Bernstein. However, there were problems with the script and budget, and Hitchcock and Bernstein decided to dissolve their partnership. Warner Bros. allowed Hitchcock to scrap the movie, and begin production on Dial M for Murder.
Mark's name was changed for the film. In the original play, he was Max Halliday. Actors Dawson and Williams reprise their Broadway roles (Captain Lesgate, Inspector Hubbard).
Alfred Hitchcock's cameo is a signature occurrence in most of his films. In Dial M for Murder, he can be seen thirteen minutes into the film, in a black-and-white reunion photograph, sitting at a banquet table among former students and faculty.
The 1954 film was shot using Warner Bros.' own proprietary 3-D camera rig, the so-called All-Media Camera. Originally intended to be shown in dual-strip polarized 3-D, the film played in most theaters in ordinary 2-D due to the loss of interest in the 3-D process (the projection of which was difficult and error-prone) by the time of its release.
The film earned an estimated $2.7 million at the North American box office in 1954. Dial M for Murder marked the end of the brief flirtation with 3D movies of the early 1950s. Hitchcock said of 3-D, “It's a nine-day wonder, and I came in on the ninth day.”
In February 1980, the dual-strip system was used for the revival of the film in 3-D at the York Theater in San Francisco. This revival did so well that Warner Bros. did a limited national re-release of the film in February 1982, using Chris Condon's single-strip StereoVision 3-D system.
Warner Bros. released Dial M for Murder as a 3D Blu-ray on October 9, 2012.
The film was shown in 3-D in some UK cinemas during the summer of 2013 and in Italy at the beginning of fall of the same year.
Similar films and remakes
Dial M for Murder is sometimes confused with Midnight Lace (US; David Miller, 1960), as the two films have a similar setting and subject matter. In this film, a woman (Doris Day) receives harassing telephone calls that escalate until she is in physical danger. In the end, the culprit turns out to be her husband (Rex Harrison). There is a police inspector around (in both cases played by John Williams), and the setting is very British.
As it is considered one of the classic examples of a stage thriller, it has been revived a number of times since, including a US TV movie in 1981 with Angie Dickinson and Christopher Plummer. The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) produced a two-hour color version in 1968 featuring Laurence Harvey as Tony, Diane Cilento as Margot and Hugh O'Brian as Max.
A Perfect Murder is a 1998 remake directed by Andrew Davis in which the characters of Halliday and Swann are combined, with the husband (Michael Douglas) both hiring and coercing his wife's lover (played by Viggo Mortensen) into a scheme to kill her (Gwyneth Paltrow). However, the lover hatches a revenge plot against the husband. Things go disastrously wrong for both of them, bringing in the cold, smoothly dogged police inspector (David Suchet), whose role is much reduced, as it is Gwyneth Paltrow's character, the wife, who unravels much of the mystery.
The television series Alfred Hitchcock Presents premiered in the United States the year after Dial M for Murder was released. The main character in an episode from the series's first season, "Portrait of Jocelyn," is named Mark Halliday. In the episode, Halliday's wife, Jocelyn, has disappeared several years earlier, and at the conclusion, it is revealed that he murdered her.
The film partially inspired a Hindi-language version in 1985, released as Aitbaar, starring Raj Babbar, Dimple Kapadia, and Suresh Oberoi, and Chaavi with Sathyaraj, Saritha, and Nizhalgal Ravi. The film also inspired a Malayalam-language adaptation as New Year starring Jayaram, Urvashi and Suresh Gopi in 1989. Another Bollywood film, Humraaz (2002), starring Bobby Deol, Akshaye Khanna, and Amisha Patel, was inspired by A Perfect Murder.
Awards and honours
- AFI's 100 Years...100 Thrills – placed No. 48
In popular culture
- The Simpsons references the film on at least four separate episodes:
- In "Treehouse of Horror III", a segment is called "Dial "Z" for Zombies"
- In "Mr. Plow" a film is titled Dial M for Murderousness
- In "Treehouse of Horror XX", "Dial 'M' for Murder or Press '#' to Return to Main Menu" is mentioned
- In "Treehouse of Horror XXII", a segment is called "Dial "D" for Diddly"
- The Critic's first season featured an episode called "Dial 'M' For Mother."
- Season 8 of Family Guy includes an episode titled "Dial Meg for Murder", in which the Griffin family daughter Meg is sent to jail for harboring her fugitive boyfriend, and during her stint becomes a hardened criminal who, upon being released, punishes her family for years of teasing her.
- Season 5 of 3rd Rock from the Sun includes an episode titled "Dial M for Dick", in which Mary invites the Solomons on a murder mystery weekend.
- Season 4 of Castle includes an episode titled "Dial M for Mayor" in which a phone call leads the murder investigation to the Mayor's office.
- In the finale of Season 1 of Archer titled "Dial M for Mother", Archer is brainwashed to murder his mother.
- In the Season 2 episode of The West Wing titled "Ellie", President Bartlet watches the film in the White House with his daughter Ellie.
- In the My Little Pony Friendship Is Magic comic book, released February 5, 2014, there is a story in black in white titled, Dial S for Sassy.
- In The Pink Panther cartoon series, an episode is titled Dial "P" for Pink.
- In a Dexter's Laboratory episode title, "Dial M for Monkey".
- A sixth season episode of Frasier is entitled "Dial M for Martin", and contains several references to the play/film.
- Arthur C. Clarke entitled one of his short stories "Dial F for Frankenstein".
Alternate titles of DVDs
- Disque M para Matar – Brazilian title (translation: Dial K to Kill)
- Telefonen ringer klokken 23 – Danish title (translation: The Phone Rings at 11 pm)
- U spreekt met uw moordenaar – Dutch title (translation: This Is Your Murderer Speaking; "You are Speaking with Your Murderer")
- Det perfekta brottet – Finland’s Swedish title (translation: The Perfect Crime)
- Täydellinen rikos – Finnish title (translation: The Perfect Crime)
- Le Crime était presque parfait – French title (translation: The Crime Was Almost Perfect)
- Bei Anruf Mord – German title (translation: Murder on Call)
- Τηλεφωνήσατε στην Ασφάλεια Αμέσου Δράσεως – Greek title (translation: Call 911)
- Alibi – Hebrew title
- Gyilkosság telefonhívásra – Hungarian title (translation: Murder for a Phonecall)
- Il delitto perfetto – Italian title (translation: The Perfect Crime)
- Daiyaru M o mawase! 「ダイヤルMを廻せ！」Japanese title (translation: Dial M!)
- Ring politiet – Norwegian title (translation: Ring The Police)
- Chamada para a Morte – Portugal title (translation: Call to Death)
- Cu C de la crima – Romanian title (translation: With C for Crime)
- Pozovi M radi ubistva – Serbian title (translation: Dial M for Murder)
- Crimen perfecto – Spanish title (translation: Perfect Crime)
- Con M de muerte – Mexican Spanish title (translation: With D for Death)
- La llamada fatal – Latin American Spanish title (translation: The Deadly Call)
- Slå nollan till polisen – Swedish title (translation: Hit Zero for the Police)
- Cinayet Var – Turkish title (translation: There is a Murder)
- Box Office Information for Dial M for Murder. The Numbers. Retrieved April 14, 2012.
- Patrick McGilligan, ''Alfred Hitchcock: A Life in Darkness and Light'' (2002) via Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
- The Broadway League. "Dial "M" for Murder | IBDB: The official source for Broadway Information". IBDB. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
- 'The Top Box-Office Hits of 1954', Variety Weekly, January 5, 1955
-  Archived August 26, 2014 at the Wayback Machine
- (Italian) ilcinemaritrovato.it
- TV Guide, June 15–21, 1968, p. A-63
- "Portrait of Jocelyn" at TV.com
- Oshibka Toni Vendisa
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- Dial M for Murder at the Internet Movie Database
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- Dial M for Murder at the TCM Movie Database
- Dial M for Murder at the American Film Institute Catalog
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