Dial Records (1946)

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Dial Records
Label of Dial record by Charlie Parker
Label of Dial record by Charlie Parker
Founded 1946 (1946)
Founder Ross Russell
Defunct June 3, 1954 (1954-06-03)
Status Inactive
Genre Jazz, contemporary classical
Country of origin U.S.
Location Hollywood (1946–47)
New York City (1947– )

Dial Records was an American record company and label that specialized first in bebop jazz and then in contemporary classical music. It was founded in 1946 by Ross Russell. Notable artists who recorded for Dial included Charlie Parker, who signed an exclusive one-year recording contract with Russell on 26 February 1946,[1] Miles Davis, Max Roach, and Milt Jackson. Dial Records were initially made for the Tempo Music Shop of Hollywood, California, but soon relocated to New York City.

Labels of Dial Records said that they were "Contemporary American Music", a dig at the traditionalist American Music Records label.[citation needed]

In the summer of 1949 Ross Russell announced a change of focus, with the label turning to the release of classical music by contemporary composers. The first release in this new series was Béla Bartók's Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion.[2] This series, titled the Library of Contemporary Classics, was inspired when Russell obtained the master tape of a recording of Arnold Schoenberg's Chamber Symphony No. 1 from Blue Star Records in Paris, in lieu of payment for a number of Dial jazz masters for European distribution.[3]

Russell's interests shifted focus again in 1953, when he made field recordings of calypso music in the British, French, and Netherlands West Indies. This resulted in the Dial Ethnic Series (Dial 400 label) of ten ten-inch 33⅓ rpm discs, issued between June and November 1953.[4]

Dial also continued to release material from jazz sessions recorded earlier, but in 1954 Russell sold his jazz recordings to Concert Hall Records, sending them the master tapes, pressing lists, and log sheets on June 3, 1954.[5]

Mosaic Records released a limited edition box-set (CD) of Dial recordings called The Complete Dial Modern Jazz Sessions.[6]

Releases[edit]

  • Dial 1002: "A Night in Tunisia" and "Ornithology". Both tracks were recorded by the Charlie Parker Septet at the legendary recording session on 28 March 1946.[7] On its release, Billboard considered it "A collector's item".[8]

Library of Contemporary Classics[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Edward M. Komara (1998) The Dial recordings of Charlie Parker: a discography, p. 11. Greenwood Publishing Group at Google Books. ISBN 0-313-29168-3. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  2. ^ Anon., "Dial Records Goes Longhair", Billboard (August 13, 1949): 18.
  3. ^ David Smyth, "Schoenberg and Dial Records: The Composer's Correspondence with Ross Russell". Journal of the Arnold Schoenberg Institute 12, no. 1 (June 1989): 68–90. Citation on 69.
  4. ^ Edward M. Komara, The Dial Recordings of Charlie Parker: A Discography, Discographies, no. 76 (Westport and London: Greenwood Press, 1998), p. 6. ISBN 0-313-29168-3. Accessed 1 August 2016.
  5. ^ Edward M. Komara, The Dial Recordings of Charlie Parker: A Discography, Discographies, no. 76 (Westport and London: Greenwood Press, 1998), p. 8. ISBN 0-313-29168-3. Accessed 1 August 2016.
  6. ^ "Dial". www.mosaicrecords.com. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 
  7. ^ Edward M. Komara (1998) The Dial recordings of Charlie Parker: a discography, p. 3. Greenwood Publishing Group at Google Books. ISBN 0-313-29168-3. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
  8. ^ "Record Reviews" (18 May 1946) Billboard at Google Books. Retrieved 29 April 2013.

Further reading[edit]

  • Wheeler, Geoffrey. 1999. Jazz by Mail: Record Clubs and Record Labels, 1936 to 1958—Including Complete Discographies for Jazztone and Dial Records. Manassas, VA: Hillbrook Press. ISBN 0-9667819-0-2.