Dial Records (1946)
Label of Dial record by Charlie Parker
|Defunct||June 3, 1954|
|Genre||Jazz, contemporary classical|
|Country of origin||U.S.|
New York City (1947– )
Dial Records was an American record company and label that specialized first in bebop jazz and then in contemporary classical music. It was founded in 1946 by Ross Russell. Notable artists who recorded for Dial included Charlie Parker, who signed an exclusive one-year recording contract with Russell on 26 February 1946, Miles Davis, Max Roach, and Milt Jackson. Dial Records were initially made for the Tempo Music Shop of Hollywood, California, but soon relocated to New York City.
In the summer of 1949 Ross Russell announced a change of focus, with the label turning to the release of classical music by contemporary composers. The first release in this new series was Béla Bartók's Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion. This series, titled the Library of Contemporary Classics, was inspired when Russell obtained the master tape of a recording of Arnold Schoenberg's Chamber Symphony No. 1 from Blue Star Records in Paris, in lieu of payment for a number of Dial jazz masters for European distribution.
Russell's interests shifted focus again in 1953, when he made field recordings of calypso music in the British, French, and Netherlands West Indies. This resulted in the Dial Ethnic Series (Dial 400 label) of ten ten-inch 33⅓ rpm discs, issued between June and November 1953.
Dial also continued to release material from jazz sessions recorded earlier, but in 1954 Russell sold his jazz recordings to Concert Hall Records, sending them the master tapes, pressing lists, and log sheets on June 3, 1954.
- Dial 1002: "A Night in Tunisia" and "Ornithology". Both tracks were recorded by the Charlie Parker Septet at the legendary recording session on 28 March 1946. On its release, Billboard considered it "A collector's item".
Library of Contemporary Classics
- Dial No. 1: Béla Bartók, Sonata for Two Pianos and Percussion. William Masselos and Maro Ajemian, pianos; Saul Goodman and Abe Marcus, percussion. Recorded New York, 1949.
- Dial No. 2: Arnold Schoenberg, Chamber Symphony No. 1. Orchestre des Concerts Pasdeloup, conducted by Pierre Dervaux. Recorded Paris, 1949.
- Dial No. 3: Arnold Schoenberg, Ode to Napoleon Buonaparte, Op. 41; String Trio, Op. 45. Villers String Quartet; Jacques Monod, piano; Ellen Adler (recitation), conducted by René Leibowitz; Koldofsky Trio.
- Dial No. 4: Arnold Schoenberg, Third String Quartet, Op. 30. Pro Arte Quartet (Rudolf Kolisch, Albert Rahier, Bernard Milofsky, Ernst Friedlander).
- Dial No. 6: Alan Hovhaness, Piano Concerto (Lousadzak); Tzaikerk, for flute, violin, timpani, and strings; Achtamar, for piano solo; Shatakh, for piano and violin. Maro Ajemian, piano; Anahid Ajemian, violin; Phillip Kaplan, flute; Saul Goodman, timpani; Manhattan Chamber Orchestra, conducted by Alan Hovhaness.
- Dial No. 9: Alban Berg, Chamber Concerto for Violin, Piano, and Thirteen Wind Instruments. Roland Charny, violin; Jacques-Louis Monod, piano; Orchestre de chambre Paul Kuentz, conducted by René Leibowitz.
- Dial No. 15: Alban Berg, Seven Songs of Youth; "Schliesse mir die Augen beide"; An Leukon; Four Songs Op. 2 (orch. Leibowitz); Four Pieces for Clarinet and Piano, Op. 5. Bethany Beardslee, soprano; Jacques-Louis Monod, piano. Irene Joachim, soprano; chamber orchestra conducted by René Leibowitz; Earl Thomas, clarinet; Jacques-Louis Monod, piano. Recorded 1951.
- Dial Nos. 20–21: John Cage, Sonatas and Interludes for prepared piano. Maro Ajemian, prepared piano. Recorded New York, 1951.
- Edward M. Komara (1998) The Dial recordings of Charlie Parker: a discography, p. 11. Greenwood Publishing Group at Google Books. ISBN 0-313-29168-3. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- Anon., "Dial Records Goes Longhair", Billboard (August 13, 1949): 18.
- David Smyth, "Schoenberg and Dial Records: The Composer's Correspondence with Ross Russell". Journal of the Arnold Schoenberg Institute 12, no. 1 (June 1989): 68–90. Citation on 69.
- Edward M. Komara, The Dial Recordings of Charlie Parker: A Discography, Discographies, no. 76 (Westport and London: Greenwood Press, 1998), p. 6. ISBN 0-313-29168-3. Accessed 1 August 2016.
- Edward M. Komara, The Dial Recordings of Charlie Parker: A Discography, Discographies, no. 76 (Westport and London: Greenwood Press, 1998), p. 8. ISBN 0-313-29168-3. Accessed 1 August 2016.
- "Dial". www.mosaicrecords.com. Retrieved 8 July 2016.
- Edward M. Komara (1998) The Dial recordings of Charlie Parker: a discography, p. 3. Greenwood Publishing Group at Google Books. ISBN 0-313-29168-3. Retrieved 29 April 2013.
- "Record Reviews" (18 May 1946) Billboard at Google Books. Retrieved 29 April 2013.