Dialects of Fars

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Dialects of Pars are a group of southwestern and northwestern Iranian dialects spoken in the central Pars province. The southwestern dialects can be divided into three families of dialects according to geographical distribution and local names: Southwestern (Lori), South-central (Tajiki or Fars dialects proper) and Southeastern (Larestani). The term "Tajiki" is understood as the Iranian-speaking sedentary populations.[1][2] Under linguistic typology a part of the dialects of the region can be classified as follows:[3][4][5][6]

Southwestern Northwestern
Nominative–accusative Split-Ergative in past transitive constructions
Tajiki Kalani, Lori Kalani, Mamassani Lori, Balyani, Hayati(Dowlat Abadi), Lordarengani, Dezhgahi/Gowri, Richi, Tang Kishi, Zakhoruyei Kuhmareyi: Davani, Dahlei, Kandeyi, Kuzargi, Masarmi, Birovakani, Dadenjani, Dorounaki/Mehboudi, Banafi, Papuni, Dusirani, Somghani, Gorganayi-Gavkoshaki, Mosqani, Nudani; Larestani: Asiri, Aheli, Khonji, Gerrashi/Zeynal Abadi, Kalati (Evaz), Kariyani; Others: Shurabi Koroshi, Sivandi, Abduyi, Korouni

And the extinct old Kazeruni and Old Shirazi (Sherazi) dialects. This group of dialects is not to be confused with the standard Persian, the official language of Iran; and they are not restricted to the present border of Fars province.[2][7]

Example[edit]

Language/ Dialect Sentence[3][4][5][6]
English Everyone who saw me greeted me.
Persian har ke marâ did, be man salâm kard
Korouni har ka me-ni di, va me salâm kerd.
Tajiki Kalani har k̂i may di, salâm ike
Lori Kalani har ka mo midi, salâm ike
Mamassani Lori har k̂e me na di, vam salâm k̂e
Balyani har k̂e mo di, salâm-am ke
Hayati(Dowlat Abadi) har k̂i mo-na dið, salâm-om kerd
Lordarengani har k̂i mo-na dið, az mo salâm kerd
Dezhgahi/Gowri har k̂a mo dið, salam kerd
Richi har k̂e mo-na di, salâm-am k̂-e
Tang Kishi har ke mo miði, salâm-am mik̂e
Zakhoruyei har ke mo dið, salâm-om k̂erd
Language/ Dialect Sentence
Davani har k̂i-š ma di-š, salâm k̂e
Dahlei har k̂iš ma di, eš salâm ama k̂e
Kandeyi har k̂i om dið-eyi, salâm kârd-ey
Kuzargi har k̂i me-š di, salâm oš k̂e
Masarmi har k̂a me eš- di, salâm-ša k̂erda
Birovakani har k̂i seyl-em eš ki, salâm-eš ki
Dadenjani har k̂i ma-š di, salâm-eš ki
Dorounaki/ Mehboudi har k̂i ke ma-š di, salâm-eš ke
Banafi har k̂i eš ma di eš, salâm-am k̂e
Papuni har k̂i mo-š di, salâm-eš k̂e
Dusirani har k̂i mo oš di, salâm-oš a mo k̂e
Somghani har k̂i mo-š di, salâm-eš k̂e
Gorganayi-Gavkoshaki har k̂e-â midim, salâm na-šk̂e
Mosqani har k̂e ma eš di, salâm-eš k̂e
Language/ Dialect Sentence
Asiri har ke mo-š di, salâm-om oš-ke
Aheli har ke mo-š di, salâm-om oš-ke
Khonji har ka mo-š di, salâm-oš kerd-om
Gerrashi/ Zeynal Abadi har ke mo-š di, salâm-e mo-š ke
Kalati (Evaz) har-ka-š ded-om, salâm-oš kerd-om
Kariyani har ke mo-š di, salâm-oš ke
Shurabi har ke me oš-di, salâm-eš ke
Koroshi har k̂a man-a didi, ba man salâm iko
Sivandi har kâmišâ merâ diyešâ avinim wâtešâ salâm
Abduyi har k̂asi k̂e may di, selâm-i k̂e

References[edit]

  1. ^ Windfuhr, Gernot (15 December 1999). "FĀRS viii. Dialects". Encyclopaedia Iranica Online. New York: Columbia University. Retrieved 2010-05-23. "The Fārs dialects proper used to be locally referred to as Tājīkī in the sense of the Iranian-speaking settled, non-tribal populations..." 
  2. ^ a b SWindfuhr, Gernot. "FARROḴZĀD,FORŪḠ-ZAMĀN". Encyclopædia Iranica. New York: Columbia University. Retrieved 2009-04-08. [dead link]
  3. ^ a b Salami, A., 1383 AP / 2004 AD. Ganjineye guyeššenâsiye Fârs (The treasury of the dialectology of Fars). First Volume, Academy of Persian Language and Literature. [1] ISBN 964-7531-32-X (Persian)
  4. ^ a b Salami, A., 1384 AP / 2005 AD. Ganjineye guyeššenâsiye Fârs (The treasury of the dialectology of Fars). Second Volume, The academy of Persian language and literature. [2] ISBN 964-7531-39-7 (Persian)
  5. ^ a b Salami, A., 1385 AP / 2006 AD. Ganjineye guyeššenâsiye Fârs (The treasury of the dialectology of Fars). Third Volume, The academy of Persian language and literature. [3] ISBN 964-7531-54-0 (Persian)
  6. ^ a b Salami, A., 1386 AP / 2007 AD. Ganjineye guyeššenâsiye Fârs (The treasury of the dialectology of Fars). Fourth Volume, The academy of Persian language and literature. [4] ISBN 978-964--7531-73-3 (Persian)
  7. ^ Payne, J.R. (1987). Bernard Comrie, ed. The World's Major Languages. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 514. ISBN 978-0-19-506511-4. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Schmidt, Rüdiger (ed.) (1989). Compendium Linguarum Iranicarum. Wiesbaden: Reichert. ISBN 3-88226-413-6. 
  • Mahamedi, H., 1979. On the verbal system in three Iranian dialects of Fârs, in Studia Iranica, VIII, 2, 277–297.

External links[edit]