Diama Dam

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Diama Dam
Barrage de Diama.jpg
Ship lock on the dam
Diama Dam is located in Senegal
Diama Dam
Location of Diama Dam in Senegal
CountrySenegal/Mauritania
LocationDiama-Maka
Coordinates16°13′0.20″N 16°24′53.63″W / 16.2167222°N 16.4148972°W / 16.2167222; -16.4148972Coordinates: 16°13′0.20″N 16°24′53.63″W / 16.2167222°N 16.4148972°W / 16.2167222; -16.4148972
PurposeNavigation, water quality, irrigation
StatusOperational
Construction began1981
Opening date1986; 32 years ago (1986)
Construction costUS$149.5 million
Dam and spillways
Type of damGravity
ImpoundsSenegal River
Height18 m (59 ft)
Length610 m (2,000 ft)
Spillway capacity6,500 m3/s (230,000 cu ft/s)
Reservoir
Total capacity250,000,000 m3 (200,000 acre⋅ft)
Surface area235 km2 (91 sq mi)

The Diama Dam, sometimes referred to as the Maka–Diama Dam, is a gravity dam on the Senegal River, spanning the border of Senegal and Mauritania. It is located next to the town of Diama, Senegal and about 22 km (14 mi) north of Saint-Louis, Senegal. The purpose of the dam is to prevent saltwater intrusion upstream, supply water for the irrigation of about 45,000 ha (110,000 acres) of crops and create a road crossing for the road between St. Louis and Nouakchott in Mauritania. Additionally, a ship lock built within the dam provides for navigation upstream. Plans for the dam were first drawn in 1970 when the riparian states within the Senegal River Basin Development Authority agreed to develop the Senegal River. The Diama Dam was to be constructed in conjunction with the Manantali Dam which was to be located further upstream in Mali. Construction on the Diama Dam began on 15 September 1981 and was completed on 12 August 1986. The Manantali Dam was completed in 1988. The Diama project was funded by a US$149.5 million loan from the African Development Bank.[1][2] The main section of the dam with ship lock and spillway is 170 m (560 ft) long while a 440 m (1,440 ft) long embankment dam section extends north to the edge of the river. A dike further extends the dam to the north. The dam is 18 m (59 ft) tall and it is spillway has a maximum discharge of 6,500 m3/s (230,000 cu ft/s).[3]

The small town of Diama is known as a border crossing to and from Mauritania, as the dam is the only land bridge between the two countries.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Diama Dam Project" (PDF). African Development Bank. 25 October 1988. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  2. ^ "Dams in Africa". UN FAO. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  3. ^ "Barrage de Diama" (PDF). OVMS. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
  4. ^ Connolly, Sean (2015). Senegal. Bradt Travel Guides. pp. 215–217. ISBN 978-1-84162-913-1.