Diamond and Caldor Railway
The Diamond and Caldor Railway was a common carrier 3 ft (914 mm) narrow gauge railroad operating in El Dorado County, California, in the United States. The 34-mile railroad was primarily a logging railroad but also did some passenger service.
The railroad was constructed in 1904 and operations continued until abandonment commenced on April 10, 1953. The railroad primarily operated with Shay locomotives. The remaining Shays, with the exception of #4, were scrapped in 1953. Engine #4 was displayed at the El Dorado County Fairgrounds for several years and is now in the process of being restored by the El Dorado Western Railway Foundation.
The railroad was a subsidiary of the California Door Company of Oakland. Before a 1923 fire destroyed the mill at Caldor, the line hauled rough-cut lumber from Caldor to the sash and door factory in Diamond Springs. After the company built a modern electric mill at Diamond Springs, the railroad hauled uncut logs from the woods to the new mill.
Because the Diamond & Caldor was a common carrier, it had to comply with Interstate Commerce Commission regulations. The railroad failed to comply with the ICC requirement to have railroad cars equipped with air brakes and automatic couplers. The Diamond and Caldor, according to railroad historian Donald B. Robertson, may be the only western railroad to be put out of business due to those equipment requirements.
|1||0-4-0 T||Baldwin||8955||1887||built as 2-4-2 T locomotive as the Ferries and Cliff House #3; scrapped in 1921|
|2||2-truck Shay locomotive||Lima||863||4/1904||scrapped in 1940|
|2nd # 2||2-truck Shay locomotive||Lima||2842||3/1916||built as Patterson & Western RR # 2; purchased in 1922|
|3||2-truck Shay locomotive||Lima||905||8/1904||scrapped in 1938|
|4||2-truck Shay locomotive||Lima||1896||4/1907||preserved|
|5||3-truck Shay locomotive||Lima||2617||12/1912||built as Madera Sugar Pine # 5; purchased for parts in 1935; scrapped in 1948 (for railroad roster purposes, #5 was assigned to a speeder)|
|6||3-truck Shay locomotive||Lima||2153||4/1909||scrapped in 1953|
|7||3-truck Shay locomotive||Lima||2522||3/1912||scrapped in 1953|
|8||3-truck Shay locomotive||Lima||2921||7/1917||scrapped in 1953|
|9||#9 was assigned to a speeder|
|10||3-truck Shay locomotive||Lima||3252||2/1924||scrapped in 1953|
|10||Bogie railcar||Diamond and Caldor Workshops||Built around 1921 and powered by a JX series Studebaker truck engine.|
- El Dorado Western Railway Foundation A foundation dedicated to preserving the Diamond and Caldor Railway and preserving Shay #4.
- El Dorado Western Railway blog A weblog that chronicles the weekly effort rebuild the Diamond & Caldor No. 4 Shay locomotive.
- Foothill Rails - Diamond & Caldor Locomotive Roster, Maps, History of Line.
- Book about El Dorado County Railroads
- Johnson, Bob; Gibson, Jack (1954). "Four Logging Railroads Go". The Western Railroader. Francis A. Guido. 17 (172): 3&4.
- "Diamond & Caldor Roster". TrainWeb. Retrieved 2013-04-14.
- Koch, Michael (1971). The Shay Locomotive Titan of the Timber. The World Press. pp. 411, 412, 424, 430, 438, 442, 447, 448&459.
- Richter, D.S. (1954). "Roster of Locomotives". The Western Railroader. Francis A. Guido. 17 (172): 7.
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