Diana (1840 ship)

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For other ships of the same name, see Diana (ship).
Career British Merchant Navy Ensign
Name: Diana
Builder: Bremen, Germany
Launched: 1840
Fate: Grounded on the Lincolnshire coast while returning home in 1869
General characteristics
Type: Whaler
Displacement: 355 long tons (361 t)
Length: 117 ft (36 m)
Beam: 29 ft (8.8 m)
Draught: 17 ft 6 in (5.33 m)
Propulsion: Steam Engine, 40 hp (30 kW)
Sail plan: Barque
Range: Limited by water and provisions
Complement: 51

Diana was a whaling ship built in 1840, in Bremen, Germany. She sailed out of Hull, England. In 1858 a steam engine was installed, making her the first steam-powered whaler to sail from Hull (Tay from Dundee was the first ever, a year earlier).

Trapped in the ice[edit]

In 1866, while on a whaling expedition in Baffin Bay, Diana became frozen in the ice, where it was trapped for over six months. The ship's captain, 64 year old[1] John Gravill, and many of the crew died. The diary of the ship's doctor, Charles Edward Smith, was published in the book From the Deep of the Sea. (ISBN 0-87021-932-4) There is a memorial fountain to Diana's return from the ice in the town of Lerwick in the Shetland Islands, as many of the crew originated from the islands and all the deceased except the captain were buried there.[2] Charles Smith's services and heroism were recognised by the award of a set of surgical instruments from the Board of Trade.[3] Captain Gravill's body was taken back to Hull, and his funeral was attended by an estimated fifteen thousand people.[4]

Fate[edit]

In 1869, while making her way back from the Davis Strait, Diana encountered a strong gale, and was washed into the Donna Nook sands, on the Lincolnshire coast, and broke up. Diana was the last whaling ship from the port of Hull. Her loss ended the whaling industry of the city.

Captains[edit]

This is a partial list of Captains of Diana:

  • John Gravill Sr. (1856–57, 1861, 1865-1867 [died on board])
  • George Clarke (14 February 1867 - 16 April 1867) (Elected Captain after the death of John Graville whilst the ship beset in the ice)[5]
  • John Gravill Jr. (1858–60)
  • Robert Day (16 April 1867-Loss)[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.graville.co.uk/Memorial_cfm.htm
  2. ^ Pottinger, James A (April 2000). "The Voyage of the Diana". Shetland Life (The Shetland Times Ltd). Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  3. ^ From the Deep of the Sea, Naval Institute Press (1977), page 271.
  4. ^ From the Deep of the Sea, Naval Institute Press (1977), page 272.
  5. ^ From the Deep of the Sea, Naval Institute Press (1977), page 187.
  6. ^ From the Deep of the Sea, Naval Institute Press (1977), page 268.