Temporal range: Sinemurian 195.5–189.6 Ma
Dianchungosaurus is an extinct genus of mesoeucrocodylian crocodylomorph from the Early Jurassic of China. It was previously considered a dinosaur, but it was recently reclassified as a mesoeucrocodylian by Paul Barrett and Xing Xu (2005). It is probably the same animal as the informally named "Tianchungosaurus".
The type species is D. lufengensis.
Two specimens were originally referred to this taxon:
- IVPP V4735a (holotype): an isolated premaxilla.
- IVPP V4735b (paratype): cojoined partial left and right dentaries with teeth and left splenial
Originally classified by Yang in 1982 in Heterodontosauridae, Dianchungosaurus lufengensis' affinities were doubted by some, who regarded it as a nomen dubium, but it was until recently usually considered a valid heterodontosaurid. In 2005, a paper by Barrett and Xu focused on this problematic taxon and found its specimens to form an hypodigm, a chimera of different animals. The holotype, IVPP V4735a, was reclassified as a mesoeucrocodylian, while the paratype, IVPP V4735b, was found to be an indeterminate prosauropod.
To maintain the stability in the literature, the holotype retains the name D. lufengensis, while the paratype awaits a formal description.
- Barrett, P.M.; Xu X. (2005). "Reassessment of Dianchungosaurus lufengensis Yang, 1982, an enigmatic reptile from the Lower Lufeng Formation (Lower Jurassic) of Yunnan Province, People's Republic of China". Journal of Paleontology. 79 (5): 981–986. doi:10.1666/0022-3360(2005)079[0981:ARODLY]2.0.CO;2.
- Dianchungosaurus in the Paleobiology Database