Dianella revoluta

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Dianella revoluta
Dianella revoluta.jpg
flowers, near the Great Ocean Road, Victoria, Australia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Asphodelaceae
Subfamily: Hemerocallidoideae
Genus: Dianella
Species: D. revoluta
Binomial name
Dianella revoluta
R. Brown

Dianella revoluta, the blueberry lily is a perennial herb of Australia.

Taxonomy[edit]

It was first described in 1810 by Robert Brown. Commonly known as the black-anther flax-lily, blueberry flax-lily or spreading flax-lily,[1]

Placed with the genus Dianella of the family Asphodelaceae, subfamily Hemerocallidoideae,[2] found across Australia and Tasmania..[3] so allied to twenty to forty other species.[4]

Revisions of Dianella revoluta have produced new taxonomic descriptions, as with species Dianella admixta. Several varieties have been described, those named in Western Australia are[5]

  • Dianella revoluta var. divaricata (R.Br.) R.J.F.Hend, flax lily. [6]
  • Dianella revoluta var. revoluta (Dianella revoluta R.Br. var. revoluta). The flowers are blue-violet.[7]
  • Dianella revoluta var. brevicaulis was later named as Dianella brevicaulis (Ostenf.) G.W.Carr & P.F.Horsfall [8]

Description[edit]

Dianella revoluta flowers in spring with a star-like purple flower which develops into a blue to purple berry.[9] The berry fruit is reported to be edible.[10]

Cultural use[edit]

Dianella, Western Australia was named after this plant, which was plentiful in the area prior to the 1960s residential development.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dianella revoluta". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.
  2. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), "Hemerocallidoideae", Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, retrieved 2016-06-10
  3. ^ H. Trevor Clifford, Rodney J.F. Henderson, and John G. Conran. 1998. "Hemerocallidaceae" pages 245-253. In: Klaus Kubitzki (editor). 1998. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants volume III. Springer-Verlag: Berlin;Heidelberg, Germany. ISBN 978-3-540-64060-8
  4. ^ Search for "Dianella", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2014-09-04
  5. ^ "Search "Dianella"". FloraBase.
  6. ^ "Dianella revoluta". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.The flowers are blue-purple
  7. ^ "Dianella revoluta". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
  8. ^ "Dianella revoluta". FloraBase. Western Australian Government Department of Parks and Wildlife.
  9. ^ Anthony Huxley, Mark Griffiths, and Margot Levy (1992). The New Royal Horticultural Society Dictionary of Gardening. The Macmillan Press,Limited: London. The Stockton Press: New York. ISBN 978-0-333-47494-5 (set).
  10. ^ Wild food plants of Australia, Tim Low
  11. ^ "Perth suburb names". Landgate. Government of Western Australia. Retrieved 17 October 2017.