Diaporthe toxica

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Diaporthe toxica
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Ascomycota
Class: Sordariomycetes
Subclass: Sordariomycetidae
Order: Diaporthales
Family: Diaporthaceae
Genus: Diaporthe
Species: D. toxica
Binomial name
Diaporthe toxica
P.M. Williamson, Highet, W. Gams & Sivasith., in Williamson, Highet, Gams, Sivasithamparam & Cowling, Mycol. Res. 98(12): 1367 (1994)

Diaporthe toxica is a plant endophyte and occasionally a plant pathogen.[1] D. toxica produces secondary metabolites that result in toxicoses of animals such as lupinosis of sheep. Mycotoxic lupinosis is a disease caused by lupin material that is infected with the fungus.[2] The fungus produces mycotoxins called phomopsins, which cause liver damage. Lupinosis has been incorrectly attributed to Diaporthe woodii but has now been shown to be a mycotoxicosis caused by the recently discovered (1994) teleomorphic fungus Diaporthe toxica.[3] The discovery and naming of this new fungus concludes over a century of investigation into the cause of lupinosis since the first outbreak in Germany in 1872.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Williamson et al. (1991) Formation of subcuticular coralloid hyphae by Phomopsis leptostromiformis. Plant Disease 75:1023-1026
  2. ^ Allen (2009) Australian Veterinary History Record
  3. ^ Williamson et al. (1994) Diaporthe toxica sp. nov., The cause of lupinosis in sheep. Mycological Research, 98 (12): 1367