1,2-Bis(dimethylarsino)benzene

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1,2-Bis(dimethylarsino)benzene
Stereo, Kekulé, skeletal formula of 1,2-bis(dimethylarsino)benzene with some implicit hydrogens shown
Ball and stick model of 1,2-bis(dimethylarsino)benzene
Identifiers
13246-32-7 N
Abbreviations DAS, Diars
2937031
ChEBI CHEBI:30628 YesY
ChemSpider 75125 YesY
EC Number 236-227-9
3780
Jmol 3D model Interactive image
Interactive image
MeSH 2-Phenylene-bis-dimethylarsine
PubChem 83261
Properties
C
10
As
2
H
16
Molar mass 286.0772 g mol−1
Appearance Colourless liquid
Density 1.3992 g cm−3
Boiling point 97 to 101 °C (207 to 214 °F; 370 to 374 K) at 150 Pa
Hazards
Main hazards Toxic
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

1,2-Bis(dimethylarsino)benzene (diars) is the organoarsenic compound with the formula C6H4(As(CH3)2)2. The molecule consists of two dimethylarsino groups attached to adjacent carbon centers of a benzene ring. It is a chelating ligand in coordination chemistry. This colourless oil is commonly abbreviated "diars."[1]

Coordination chemistry[edit]

Related, but non-chelating organoarsenic ligands include triphenylarsine and trimethylarsine. Work on diars preceded the development of the chelating diphosphine ligands such as dppe, which are now prevalent in homogeneous catalysis.

Diars is a bidentate ligand used in coordination chemistry. It was first described in 1939,[2] but was popularized by R. S. Nyholm for its ability to stabilize metal complexes with unusual oxidation states and coordination numbers, e.g. TiCl4(diars)2. High coordination numbers arise because diars is fairly compact and the As-M bonds are long, which relieves crowding at the metal center. In terms of stabilizing unusual oxidation states, diars stabilizes Ni(III), as in [NiCl2(diars)2]Cl.

Of historical interest is the supposedly diamagnetic [Ni(diars)3](ClO4)2, obtained by heating nickel perchlorate with diars. Octahedral d8 complexes characteristically have triplet ground states, so the diamagnetism of this complex was puzzling. Later by X-ray crystallography, the complex was shown to be pentacoordinate with the formula [Ni(triars)(diars)](ClO4)2, where triars is the tridentate ligand [C6H4As(CH3]2As(CH3), arising from the elimination of trimethylarsine.[3][4]

Preparation and handling[edit]

Diars is prepared by the reaction of ortho-dichlorobenzene and sodium dimethylarsenide:[5]

C6H4Cl2 + 2 NaAs(CH3)2 → C6H4(As(CH3)2)2 + 2 NaCl

It is a colorless liquid. Oxygen converts diars to the dioxide, C6H4(As(CH3)2O)2.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. "Inorganic Chemistry" Academic Press: San Diego, 2001. ISBN 0-12-352651-5.
  2. ^ Chatt, J.; Mann, F. G. "The Synthesis of Ditertiary Arsines. Meso- and Racemic Forms of Bis-4-Covalent-Arsenic Compounds" Journal of the Chemical Society, 1939, 610–615. doi:10.1039/JR9390000610
  3. ^ B. Bosnich, R. S. Nyholm, P. J. Pauling, M. L. Tobe "A nickel(II)-catalyzed synthesis of a triarsine from a diarsine" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1968, volume 90, pp 4741–4742. doi:10.1021/ja01019a049
  4. ^ Anthony Nicholl Rail; Some new reactions of a ditertiary arsine ligand; Ph.D. Thesis; University College London; 1973
  5. ^ Feltham, R. D.; Silverthorn, W. "o-Phenylenebis(dimethylarsine)" Inorganic Syntheses 1967, Vol. X, pp. 159–164. doi:10.1002/9780470132418.ch24