Diasparactus

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Diasparactus
Diasparactus zenos.jpg
Skeleton of Diasparactus zenos in the Field Museum of Natural History.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Reptiliomorpha
Order: Diadectomorpha
Family: Diadectidae
Genus: Diasparactus
Case, 1910
Type species
Diasparactus zenos
Ermine Cowles Case, 1910

Diasparactus is an extinct genus of diadectid amphibians, a group quite closely related to the amniotes, and paralleling some of their features. Like all advanced diadectids, Diasparactus was a herbivore, though not as large as its more well known cousin, the Diadectes.

In Diasparactus, the spines of the dorsal vertebrae are higher than in other genera in the family. [1]

History and Description[edit]

Life restoration of Diasparactus.

In 1910, E. C. Case described Diasparactus zenos from a few vertebrae found in New Mexico. In 1911, a largely intact skeleton was found in the same area. The vertebrae agreed with the described type species and the new find was considered likely to be the same species. The total length of the animal when restored was 1.35 metres.

The skull measured 16.7 centimetres. It was in poor condition but was similar to that of Diadectes lenius and Animasatirus carinatus. The nares and orbits were in similar positions and there were fourteen teeth with possibly a rudimentary fifteenth, a dentition typical of the family. The vertebrae, ribs and limbs were described in detail. The carpals were mostly present and still in position, - the best preserved examples for a diadectid then found. The foot was broad and strong with short phalanges. The feet and limbs supported the view that this animal was a marsh-dweller and probably a slow-moving herbivore.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b A Description of a nearly complete skeleton of Diasparactus zenos Case Permo-Carboniferous Vertebrates from New Mexico, p17-35. Retrieved 2011-09-11.