Dibutyltin oxide

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Dibutyltin oxide
Bu2SnObetter.svg
Identifiers
818-08-6 YesY
ChemSpider 55164 YesY
PubChem 61221
Properties
C8H18OSn
Molar mass 248.92
Appearance white solid
Density 1.6 g/cm3
Melting point > 300 °C (572 °F; 573 K) (decomposes 210 °C)
Hazards
R-phrases R: 21-25-36/38-48/23/25-50/53
S-phrases S: 1/2-35-36/37/39-45-60-61
279 °C (534 °F; 552 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Dibutyltin oxide, or dibutyloxotin, is an organotin compound with the chemical formula (C4H9)2SnO. It is a colorless solid that, when pure, is insoluble in organic solvents. It is used as a reagent and a catalyst.[1]

Structure[edit]

The structure of diorganotin oxides depends on the size of the organic groups. For smaller substituents, the materials are assumed to be polymeric with five-coordinate Sn centers and 3-coordinate oxide centers. The result is a net of interconnected four-membered Sn2O2 and eight-membered Sn4O4 rings. The presence of pentacoordinate Sn centers is deduced from 119Sn NMR spectroscopy and 119Sn Mössbauer spectroscopy.[2]

Uses[edit]

In organic synthesis, among its many applications, it is particularly useful in directing regioselective O-alkylation, acylation, and sulfonation reactions for diols and polyol. DBTO has been used in the regioselective tosylation (a specific type of sulfonation) of certain polyols to selectively tosylate primary alcohols and exocyclic alcohols over more sterically-hindered alcohols.[3]

Dibutyltin compounds, such as dibutyltin dilaurate are widely used curing catalysts for the production of silicones and polyurethanes.[4]

See Also[edit]

Otera's catalyst

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davies, Alwyn G. "Organotin Chemistry", 2nd Edition, 2004, Wiley-VCH: Weinheim. ISBN 978-3-527-31023-4.
  2. ^ Beckmann, Jens; Jurkschat, Klaus; Rabe, Stephanie; Schuermann, Markus "Hexakis(2,4,6-triisopropylphenyl)cyclotristannoxane - a molecular diorganotin oxide with kinetically inert Sn-O bonds" Zeitschrift fur Anorganische und Allgemeine Chemie 2001, volume 627, 2413-2419. doi:10.1002/1521-3749(200110)627:10<2413::AID-ZAAC2413>3.0.CO;2-H
  3. ^ T. V. (Babu) RajanBabu, Junzo Otera "Di-n-butyltin Oxide" eEROS, 2005. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rd071.pub2
  4. ^ Jorge Cervantes1, Ramón Zárraga, Carmen Salazar-Hernández "Organotin catalysts in Organosilicon Chemistry" Appl. Organometal. Chem. 2012, volume 26, 157–163. doi:10.1002/aoc.2832