Dick Clark (senator)

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Dick Clark
Senator dick clark.jpg
United States Senator
from Iowa
In office
January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1979
Preceded byJack Miller
Succeeded byRoger Jepsen
Personal details
Born
Richard Clarence Clark

(1928-09-14) September 14, 1928 (age 94)
Paris, Iowa, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Military service
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Years of service1950–1952

Richard Clarence Clark (born September 14, 1928) is an American politician who represented the state of Iowa in the United States Senate from 1973 to 1979.

Early life[edit]

Richard Clarence Clark was born on September 14, 1928, in Paris, Iowa. He graduated from Lamont High School in 1947 and enlisted in the U.S. Army, serving in Europe during the Korean War. Clark was educated at the University of Maryland, Wiesbaden and the University of Frankfurt from 1950 to 1952 during his military service. He completed his BA in 1953 at Upper Iowa University and his Masters in 1956 at the University of Iowa. He then became a professor at Upper Iowa University and a Democratic Party volunteer, working to collect names, addresses and phone numbers of party members with the goal of contacting them on election day to get them to the polls. This resulted in Democratic victories in an otherwise Republican area.

This caught the attention of attorney John Culver of Cedar Rapids, Iowa, who enlisted Clark to help run his congressional campaign in 1964. After their victory, Clark became Culver's administrative assistant, and the pair modernized the Iowa Democratic Party's grassroots efforts in the state, building up a sophisticated voter turnout organization that progressed from names on index cards to computerized databases.

In 1971, Culver was contemplating running for the U.S. Senate. He dispatched Clark to travel the state to set up infrastructure for a potential Culver candidacy. However, in early 1972, Culver determined that defeating entrenched incumbent Republican Senator Jack R. Miller was impossible and bowed out of the race. With the infrastructure set up and no other Democratic candidates in the race, Clark decided to enter himself.[1]

U.S. Senate[edit]

Clark in 1972

All thoroughout the campaign, polls taken showed Clark trailing incumbent Jack R. Miller by lopsided margins. A critical part of Clark's campaign was his 1,300-mile walk across the state to gain publicity.[2] Clark's energetic campaign caused him to win in an upset, receiving 662,637 votes (55%) to Miller's 530,525 (44%). American Independent Party candidate William Rocap received 8,954 votes (1%). In 1974, Clark would be joined by Culver, his former boss, who rode to victory because of the unpopular national Republican Party in the wake of the Watergate scandal.

Clark was a very liberal senator, consistently being ranked among the most liberal in the Senate throughout his tenure.[3] He served on the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and chaired the Subcommittee on Africa, developing considerable expertise on the crisis in Angola. In 1976, he authored the Clark Amendment, which barred aid from the U.S. government to private groups engaged in military or paramilitary operations in Angola.

Clark ran for reelection in 1978 against Republican Roger Jepsen. Because of his efforts against the apartheid government in South Africa, Jepsen taunted him as "the Senator from Africa."[4] In a nationally poor year for Democrats, Clark lost the seat by a narrow margin. He was then appointed by President Jimmy Carter to be Ambassador at Large and United States Coordinator for Refugee Affairs in 1979. He has served as a senior fellow at the Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies since 1980.

As senator, he served on the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry, the Committee on Environment and Public Works and the Committee on Small Business and Entrepreneurship.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dick Clark's walk across Iowa earned him a U.S. Senate seat 50 years ago", Iowa History Journal, retrieved October 30, 2022
  2. ^ "The time a staffer leapfrogged his boss to a U.S. Senate seat", New Jersey Globe, retrieved October 30, 2022
  3. ^ "CLARK, Richard Clarence (Dick) (1928-)", VoteView, retrieved October 30, 2022
  4. ^ Rogers, David (December 26, 2013). "A Nelson Mandela backstory: Iowa's Dick Clark". Politico. Retrieved October 3, 2014.

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by Democratic nominee for United States Senator from Iowa
(Class 2)

1972, 1978
Succeeded by
U.S. Senate
Preceded by U.S. senator (Class 2) from Iowa
January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1979
Served alongside: Harold Hughes, John Culver
Succeeded by
U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded byas Former US Senator Order of precedence of the United States Succeeded byas Former US Senator