Dick Grant

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For the Australian footballer, see Dick Grant (footballer).
P. J. Walsh, Dick and Alexander Grant, as depicted in Spalding's official athletic almanac (1800)
Dick Grant.JPG

Richard "Dick" Grant (August 3, 1870 – January 9, 1958) was a Canadian track and field athlete who competed at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris, France for the United States. He also competed in the first four Boston Marathons, one of only two athletes (the other being Lawrence Bragnolia) to have done so.

Grant was the son of a Presbyterian minister, born in the small farming community of Dufferin, in Haldimand County, Ontario,[1][2] about three miles east of the Six Nations reserve where Tom Longboat lived.[3] The community no longer exists, although it acted as a New York Central Railway stop before that line was decommissioned. As a result, Grant's birthplace is sometimes incorrectly attributed to other locations in Canada with the same name. The family moved to St. Mary's, Perth County, Ontario in the 1880s.[4] Grant attended the University of Toronto as an undergraduate, and was a member of the Toronto Lacrosse Club. He then attended Harvard University Medical School in Cambridge, Massachusetts beginning about 1895, and enrolled in the track team there as a miler, running 4:25 for the distance. Grant's education at Harvard was self-funded, and he had to work in order to earn his tuition. His enrollment at the Medical School had frequent interruptions as a result.[5]

Grant entered the inaugural Boston Marathon in 1897 with a solid background in track racing, but without having previously engaged in any long runs. His entry contravened orders he had received from his track team at Harvard, which wanted him to be fresh for a dual meet with the University of Pennsylvania.[6] He was the only man in a field of eighteen runners without a handler accompanying him on a bicycle to provide him with water and to attend to his needs. Grant nonetheless took the lead immediately. He was joined by cross-country runner Hamilton Gray from New York City, and they shared the lead for about twelve miles until John J. McDermott caught the pair on the downhill into Newton Lower Falls. Gray stopped to walk, but Grant gave chase for a mile until the base of the next hill was reached. There, Grant walked to the top of the hill. Seeing a street-watering cart, used to keep the dust down on the dirt streets, he asked the driver to run water over him. Once his legs had cooled down, he tried to run again, but his feet were too blistered to continue, and he dropped out with about nine miles to go. McDermott continued on to win the race. He was effusive in his praise for Grant; "He is the hardest man I ever beat," he said. "He held me for a mile, although he was all pumped out. If he had trained for the race he would have given me a hard race. As it was it was hard enough to shake him. He ran the pluckiest race I ever saw." Grant had lost twelve pounds in weight over the race, and his feet were so blistered he was unable to walk for several days afterward.[7][8]

Grant returned to the Marathon the following year, having taken leave of absence from Harvard and having joined the Cambridgeport Gymnasium Association. He finished in seventh place with a time of 3:08:55.[9]

Grant's best result at the Boston Marathon came in 1899. Now running for the Knickerbocker Athletic Club of New York, Grant was once more in the early lead, which he held for about sixteen miles, but the runners had to cope with a significant headwind. Lawrence Bragnolia, a 161-pound blacksmith, was always close behind, and his stocky frame was better suited to coping with the headwind than was Grant's. The two entered into a spirited battle in the Newton Hills, with Bragnolia ultimately prevailing. Grant finished half a mile and three minutes behind Bragnolia, with a time of 2:57:46. Bragnolia's remarks after the race echoed McDermott's two years before; Grant was the pluckiest runner he had ever encountered, and knowing that he would be a bad man to beat, decided to "run him out" in the first fifteen miles, and was surprised when at the eighteenth mile he was not then sure of victory.[10][11]

Grant's last appearance at the Boston Marathon was in 1900. The race was noted for the entry of a team of five runners from Hamilton, Ontario, including Jack Caffery and Billy Sherring, who led from the start. Grant followed the Hamilton runners closely, leading the local contingent. He worked his way through the Hamilton runners, taking second place and approaching within 100 yards of Jack Caffery, the leader. But turning onto Commonwealth Avenue at about the sixteen-mile mark, Caffery put in a burst of speed that Grant could not match. Grant had overextended himself in his attempt to catch Caffery, and was passed by several runners in the Newton Hills. He finished in eighth place with a time of 3:13:57. Caffery set a course record.[12]

Canada did not form an Olympic Committee until 1904, and so when Canadian expatriates Dick Grant and Ronald McDonald entered the Marathon at the 1900 Olympic Games at Paris, along with Arthur Newton, they represented the United States. Only seven out of seventeen entrants finished the race, held on July 19; Newton was fifth, and Grant and McDonald, who ran together for most of the race, filled the last two positions, although reports disagree as to the order of their finishes. The last finisher, whoever that might be, had a time of about 4:24.[13] The race was marred by suggestions of course cutting by the leaders, and McDonald later claimed that only he and Grant actually ran the whole course.[14]

The Olympic race was Grant's last marathon, but he continued to race at shorter distances. He left the Harvard Medical School in 1903, and in 1908 accepted a position as track and field coach at the University of Minnesota at Minneapolis.[15] When the First World War broke out in 1914, Grant attempted to enlist in the Canadian Expeditionary Force, but was rejected because of his age. In 1916 he accepted an appointment as Director of Athletics at the University of Havana in Cuba.[16] He later became chief of the Department of Athletics in the Cuban Government.

Grant married Edith Hutchings in 1909. She was born at St. Mary's, was eighteen years younger than Grant, and was working in Toronto as a stenographer.[17] They had five children born in Minneapolis, Toronto, and Havana.[18] Edith and the children returned to Canada in 1926. Grant returned to Canada from Cuba in 1947 after having lost his sight; he lived for a while with his sister Anna McIlwraith and her family at Aurora, Illinois, but US Immigration deemed him Liable to become a Public Charge (LPC) and denied him Permanent Residence status in that country.[2] He died in 1958 at St. Catherine's, Ontario.

Grant had four siblings. An older brother, Rev. William Harvey Grant, served as a missionary at Henan, China for over fifty years. A younger brother, Alexander Grant, was an Olympian runner and US champion in a range of middle-distance and distance events.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1871 Census of Canada". Year: 1871; Census Place: Oneida, Haldimand, Ontario; Roll: C-9917; Page: 31; Family No: 94. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Detroit Border Crossings and Passenger and Crew Lists, 1905-1963". The National Archives at Washington, D.C; Washington, D.C.; Series Title: Card Manifests (Alphabetical) of Individuals Entering through the Port of Detroit, Michigan, 1906-1954; NAI: 4527226; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalizatio. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  3. ^ "map-haldimandcounty" (PDF). Haldimand County. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  4. ^ "1891 Census of Canada". Year: 1891; Census Place: St Marys, Perth South, Ontario; Roll: T-6363; Family No: 18. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "Harvard Loses "Dick" Grant". New York Tribune. January 23, 1900. p. 8. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "HARVARD SPORTS. Track Athletes in High Feather Just Now. Saturday's Victory Has Made the Outlook Promising. Should Win Dual Games and Possibly Intercollegiate. Grant Has Been Disciplined for "Marathon" Running. Weld Boat Club is Doing Good Work for College.". Boston Daily Globe. April 26, 1897. p. 2. Retrieved 24 June 2016. 
  7. ^ Derderian, Tom (1994). Boston Marathon: The History of the World's Premier Running Event. Champaign IL: Human Kinetics. pp. 3–6. ISBN 0-87322-491-4. 
  8. ^ "RECORD TIME. J.J. McDermott Wins the "Marathon" Race. Belongs to Pastime A.C., New York. Takes Lead at Newton Lower Falls. Grant and Gray Had Led Till Then. Harvard Man Runs Pluckily After Being Overhauled. Kiernan Finishes Second and Rhell Third. Cheers for the Runners Al the Way from Ashland.". The Boston Daily Globe. April 20, 1897. pp. 1, 7. Retrieved 20 Jun 2016. 
  9. ^ Derderian, Tom (1994). Boston Marathon: The History of the World's Premier Running Event. Champaign IL: Human Kinetics. pp. 8–10. ISBN 0-87322-491-4. 
  10. ^ Derderian, Tom (1994). Boston Marathon: The History of the World's Premier Running Event. Champaign IL: Human Kinetics. pp. 10–12. ISBN 0-87322-491-4. 
  11. ^ "PLUCKY BRIGNOLI. Wins Out the Marathon Race, Grant Second. Of 17 Starters Only 11 Finish --- Time of 25 Miles, 2h, 54m, 38s.". Boston Daily Globe. April 20, 1899. pp. 1, 3. Retrieved 21 June 2016. 
  12. ^ Derderian, Tom (1994). Boston Marathon: The History of the World's Premier Running Event. Champaign IL: Human Kinetics. pp. 12–18. ISBN 0-87322-491-4. 
  13. ^ Martin, David E.; Roger W. H. Gynn (May 2000). The Olympic Marathon. Human Kinetics Publishers. pp. 29–34. ISBN 978-0-88011-969-6. 
  14. ^ Ludlow, Peter (2007). "Racing for Home: Culture, Ethnicity, and Sport in the Athletic Life of Marathoner Ronald John MacDonald" (PDF). Sport History Review. Human Kinetics. 38: 147–161. Retrieved May 21, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Minnesota Students to Get Benefit of Low Fare to Chicago - Hard Practice Continued by Gopher Eleven.". The Inter Ocean. Chicago, Illinois. October 23, 1908. p. 4. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  16. ^ "Dr. Dick Grant Goes To Havana". The Winnipeg Tribune. September 23, 1916. p. 20. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 
  17. ^ "Ontario, Canada, Marriages, 1801-1928, 1933-1934". Archives of Ontario; Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Registrations of Marriages, 1869-1928; Series: MS932; Reel: 143. Retrieved 23 Jun 2016. 
  18. ^ "New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957". Ancestry.com. Year: 1926; Arrival: New York, New York; Microfilm Serial: T715, 1897-1957; Microfilm Roll: Roll 3861; Line: 5; Page Number: 245. Retrieved 23 June 2016. 

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