Dickabram Bridge

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Dickabram Bridge
Dickabram Bridge59.JPG
Dickabram Bridge over the Mary River
Coordinates 25°57′14″S 152°29′43″E / 25.9540°S 152.4954°E / -25.9540; 152.4954Coordinates: 25°57′14″S 152°29′43″E / 25.9540°S 152.4954°E / -25.9540; 152.4954
Carries Motor vehicles, Railway
Crosses Mary River
Locale Miva, Queensland
Heritage status Registered (ID 15956)
Characteristics
Design Truss bridge
Material Timber, Steel
Total length 191 metres (627 ft)
Longest span 36.6 metres (120 ft)
No. of spans 14 (6.1m, 7.9m, three at 11m, 11.6m, 24.1m, 36.6m, 24.1m, 11.6m, two at 11m, 7.9m and 6.1m)
Clearance above 4.3 metres (14 ft)
Clearance below 23 metres (75 ft)
History
Designer Henry Charles Stanley
Constructed by McDermott Owen & Co.
Construction begin 1885
Construction end 6 December 1886
Dickabram Bridge
Dickabram Bridge is located in Queensland
Dickabram Bridge
Location of Dickabram Bridge in Queensland
Location across the Mary River, between Miva and Theebine, Gympie Region, Queensland, Australia
Coordinates 25°57′14″S 152°29′44″E / 25.9538°S 152.4956°E / -25.9538; 152.4956
Design period 1870s - 1890s (late 19th century)
Built 1885 - 1886
Architect Henry Charles Stanley
Official name: Dickabram Bridge, Mary River Bridge (Miva)
Type state heritage (built)
Designated 21 October 1992
Reference no. 600836
Significant period 1880s (fabric)
Significant components pier/s (bridge)
Builders Owen McDermott & Co.

Dickabram Bridge is a heritage-listed road-and-rail bridge over the Mary River between Miva and Theebine, both in the Gympie Region, Queensland, Australia. It was the major bridge on the Kingaroy railway line. It was designed by Henry Charles Stanley and built from 1885 to 1886 by Owen McDermott & Co. It is also known as Mary River Bridge (Miva). The bridge was registered on the former Register of the National Estate in 1988. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992.[1]

The bridge is one of only two remaining road-and-rail bridges in Australia[2] and the only one in Queensland. It is the oldest remaining large steel truss bridge constructed in Queensland.[3]

History[edit]

The Dickabram Bridge over the Mary River was the major bridge on the Kingaroy branch railway line. The contract for construction of the line to Kilkivan was awarded to McDermott Owen & Co in August 1884. Work was delayed in 1885 awaiting casting of the cylindrical piers for the central spans. The bridge was tested in November 1886 with a two-engine train. The line opened for traffic between Dickabram and Kilkivan on 6 December 1886.[1]

The original road bridge across the Mary River at Miva had opened on 30 October 1878. This bridge was damaged by floods in July 1879 and swept away by floods in February 1880. A replacement road bridge was swept away by floods in October 1882.[1]

It was provided in December 1882 that the proposed rail bridge be built to carry road traffic as well. Because of the delay in opening access roads it was March 1889 before it opened to road traffic.[1]

The steel and timber truss bridge, built by McDermott Owen & Co., was completed in November 1886 and the line opened for traffic between Dickabram and Kilkivan on 6 December 1886.

The name of the bridge comes from a local Aboriginal word dickabram meaning sweet potato that grew along the river flats there. The bridge decking was submerged under water only once during the 1893 floods.[4]

The bridge has remained in use without substantial modification. Work since its completion includes undertrussing a 36-foot span in 1911, strengthening the 26- and 36-foot spans for C17 locomotives in 1935, a concrete base for pier 9 in 1968, and scour protection in 1976. Work strengthening the line from PB15 to C17 standard was completed between 1933 and 1935. Diesel electric locomotives were first permitted in 1977. The decking has been modified by adding a kerb in the 1970s–80s to separate road and rail traffic to save the need for a gatekeeper to control road traffic.[1]

The extensive restoration of the bridge, involving replacement of hardwood timber beams[2] and decking, was completed in April 2009.[3]

Description[edit]

The Dickabram Bridge over the Mary River is 191m long and stands 23m above the Mary River. All spans are metal trusses except for the 11m approach spans which are tied timber girders. The two river piers are cast iron cylinders; the remaining piers and road deck are timber. It comprises two 80 foot parallel chord lattice girder spans either side of a 120 foot hogback lattice girder span, having steel cross girders, supported on two cylinder piers and two double timber piers.[1]

Heritage listing[edit]

Dickabram Bridge was listed on the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992 having satisfied the following criteria.[1]

The place is important in demonstrating the evolution or pattern of Queensland's history.

The bridge is a late 19th century and essentially unmodified high level road-rail bridge with half-through double by 2 lattice girder approach spans and hogback through double x 2 lattice girder main spans. It was constructed on the site of several low-level bridges that had been destroyed by floods.[1]

The place demonstrates rare, uncommon or endangered aspects of Queensland's cultural heritage.

It is one of the few extant road-rail bridges in Queensland.[1]

The place is important in demonstrating a high degree of creative or technical achievement at a particular period.

It is the oldest extant of its type in Queensland with the longest hogback span of its type in Queensland.[1]

The place has a special association with the life or work of a particular person, group or organisation of importance in Queensland's history.

Its design was associated with the Chief Engineer, Henry C. Stanley.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Dickabram Bridge (entry 600836)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 1 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Work has begun on restoring Dickabram Bridge". Gympie Times. 26 December 2008. Retrieved 3 March 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "Dickabram Bridge reopens". Queensland Government. April 24, 2009. Retrieved 3 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "Dickabram Bridge". Fraser Coast Online. 9 February 2009. Archived from the original on 21 February 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2010. 

Attribution[edit]

CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article contains material from "The Queensland heritage register" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence (accessed on 7 July 2014, archived on 8 October 2014). The geo-coordinates were computed from the "Queensland heritage register boundaries" published by the State of Queensland under CC-BY 3.0 AU licence (accessed on 5 September 2014, archived on 15 October 2014).

External links[edit]