Dicranopalpus ramosus

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Dicranopalpus ramosus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Opiliones
Suborder: Eupnoi
Family: Phalangiidae
Genus: Dicranopalpus
Species: D. ramosus
Binomial name
Dicranopalpus ramosus
(Simon, 1909)

Dicranochirus ramosus
Dicranopalpus caudatus


Dicranopalpus ramosus is a species of harvestman. Males are up to 4 mm long, females can reach up to 6 mm. Both sexes have very long legs (especially the second pair can reach up to 5 cm), with a distinct elongated apophysis that reaches almost to the end of the tibia. This makes their pedipalps look forked. Their body is brownish with dark markings, the females being lighter colored.

D. ramosus from Leverkusen, Germany

The forked pedipalps and the resting posture, with the legs stretched to the sides, makes this species easy to identify, although the traditional method of collecting invertebrates does not prove adequate: of 103 individuals captured in Belgium, only one was found in a pitfall; all others were collected by hand.

Adults can be found from August to November, mostly in gardens and on outer walls, but sometimes also inside.


Originally the species was found in Morocco. Later it spread into Europe, with first reports in Portugal (1948), where it spread to Spain (1965) and France (1969). The Netherlands were reached in 1992. Since 2004 it is known to occur in Germany. As early as 1957, it was reported in Bournemouth, southern England, from where it spread all over the island, reaching Scotland in 2000. In 2010, one occurrence in Denmark was documented.

The very similar and closely related D. gasteinensis is found in the Alps.


  • Bellmann, H. (1997). Kosmos-Atlas Spinnentiere Europas. Kosmos. ISBN 3-440-10746-9
  • The Garden Safari: D. ramosus
  • Opiliones in Belgium: D. ramosus
  • Joel Hallan's Biology Catalog: Phalangiidae[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]