|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Trade names||Byclomine, Bentyl, Dibent, Di-Spaz, Dilomine|
|AHFS/Drugs.com||International Drug Names|
|Biological half-life||5 h|
|ATC code||A03AA07 (WHO)|
|Molar mass||309.487 g/mol|
Dicyclomine is used to treat intestinal hypermotility and the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (also known as spastic colon). It relieves muscle spasms and cramping in the gastrointestinal tract by blocking the activity of acetylcholine on cholinergic (or muscarinic) receptors on the surface of muscle cells. It is a smooth muscle relaxant.
In the UK, it is an ingredient of a multiple-ingredient preparation, with an antiflatulent (simethicone) and two antacids, under the trade name Kolanticon. In India, it is of a compound with paracetamol under the trade name Cyclopam. It is also marketed as Meftal-SPAS containing mefenamic acid along with dicyclomine hydrochloride as an analgesic and antispasmodic. Also it is a part of Normaxin containing two other salts clidinium bromide and chlordiazepoxide.
Dicyclomine can cause a range of anticholinergic side effects such as dry mouth, nausea, and, at higher doses, deliriant effects. Recreational use of this drug for its anticholinergic effects (both low dose for euphoria and high dose for delirium) has been rarely reported.
Breastfeeding is not recommended while using this drug. Users should use care when operating vehicles and/or dangerous machines.
- Brenner, G. M. (2000). Pharmacology. Philadelphia, PA: W.B. Saunders Company. ISBN 0-7216-7757-6
- Canadian Pharmacists Association (2000). Compendium of Pharmaceuticals and Specialties (25th ed.). Toronto, ON: Webcom. ISBN 0-919115-76-4