This article's tone or style may not reflect the encyclopedic tone used on Wikipedia. (April 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
(Feb 2015 – Sept 2015)
Didi Dache, Kuaidi Dache
|Privately held company|
Cheng Wei (Founder and CEO)|
Liu Qing (President)
|Services||Vehicles for hire|
Number of employees
Didi Chuxing Technology Co., (stylised DiDi, Chinese: 滴滴出行; pinyin: Dīdī Chūxíng, pronounced [tɨ́tɨ́ ʈʂʰúɕɪ̌ŋ]), formerly Didi Kuaidi (Chinese: 滴滴快的), is a major Chinese ride-sharing, artificial intelligence (AI) and autonomous technology conglomerate founded by Cheng Wei, providing transportation services for 550 million users across over 400 cities. Its headquarters is located in Beijing. It provides services including taxi hailing, private car hailing, Hitch (social ride-sharing), DiDi Designated Driving, DiDi Bus, DiDi Test Drive, DiDi Car Sharing, DiDi Enterprise Solutions, DiDi Minibus, DiDi Luxe, bike and e-bike sharing and food delivery to users in China via a smartphone application.
Formed from the merger of rival firms Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache (backed by the two largest Chinese Internet companies, Tencent and Alibaba respectively), it was initially valued (as of June 2016) at approximately US$28 billion. DiDi acquired Uber's China unit on 1 August 2016. It is the only company to have all of China's three internet giants — Alibaba, Tencent, and Baidu — as its investors. In December 2017, DiDi closed a US$4 billion financing round, becoming the 2nd most valuable start-up company in the world after Ant Financial, with over US$56 billion worth of valuation, and backed by over 100 investors.
DiDi is the world's leading and most valuable ride-sharing service, with a monopolistic investment and M&A portfolio in the ride and bike sharing industry across the globe. The company carries 30 million rides per day.
In May 2017, DiDi started to develop an English version of its app and services. In 2018, DiDi launched its own-branded mobility services in Mexico and Australia, and a joint venture with Soft Bank Corp. to offer taxi-hailing service in Japan. Recently, it has also been involved in autonomous driving and artificial intelligence (AI), hiring researchers and investing in these areas.
- 1 History
- 2 Services
- 3 Technology
- 4 Globalization
- 5 Leadership
- 6 CSR
- 7 Honors
- 8 References
- 9 External links
2012–2015: Founding of Didi Dache
Cheng Wei, having worked for Alibaba for eight years, founded Didi Dache. He was left to create his own company because he recognized that cabs were very difficult to catch, particularly during rush hour. Most importantly he missed several flights because he could not hail a cab in time.
In June 2012, Orange Technology (小桔科技) was established and Didi Dache (嘀嘀打车; meaning "Beep Beep Call a Taxi"; or Chinese: 滴滴打车; literally: "Didi Taxi Calling")- the initial incarnation of Didi Chuxing's ride-hailing service, was launched as an app for consumers to request taxis for immediate pick up by Cheng Wei. BeiJing XiaoJun developed the app. Later, the app allowed consumers to reserve taxis for trips in the next day. The company was backed by China’s giant Tencent in November 2012. A 15 million dollar funding was provided by Tencent. However, Kuaidi Dache was backed by Alibaba and the two rivals are fighting against each other. In 2013, Didi Dache completed its Series B financing. Series C was completed in 2014. In the same year, Jean Liu (Liu Qing), a former Goldman Sachs Asia managing director, joined the company as its COO. She became president of the company the following year. The mobile platform taxi-calling application was developed by Chinese mobile application company Beijing Xiaoju Keji Co., Ltd. The application is one of the major taxi apps in China, with over 100 million users in more than 300 cities. It was established in June 2012.
2015: Merger of Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache
Didi Kuaidi is the result of the February 2015 merger between taxi-hailing firms Didi Dache (backed by Chinese Internet giant Tencent Holdings Limited) and Kuaidi Dache, backed by Alibaba Group. A study in December 2013 by Analysis International, cited by Reuters, estimated Didi Dache to hold approximately 55% of the smartphone-based taxi-hailing market (about 150 million Chinese were estimated to use their smartphones to hail taxis), with Kuaidi Dache holding nearly all of the rest of the market share. However, a protracted price war in an effort to gain market share had resulted in mounting losses for the two companies, despite Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache raising US$700 million and US$600 million from private investors, respectively, to sustain their growth in the world's largest transport market. According to the press release on the 2015 merge, Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache would operate in parallel with separate management teams. The combined company was estimated to be worth around $6 billion. It was not clear whether the merger may have violated China anti-monopoly law.
As of May 2015, Didi Dache was to spend another CNY1 billion (US$161 million) on aggressive promotions and advertising in order to consolidate its dominant position against startups such as Yidao Yongche (Chinese: 易到用车) and Uber (who has Baidu, the third-largest Chinese Internet company, as an investor). This included adding other features alongside its basic taxi-calling function such as the ability to carpool, hire premium cars, hire designated drivers and use a special service for passengers with disabilities. Caixin reported that in June 2015 the company had a market share in car hire service of 80.2%. In July 2015, the company completed a US$2 billion fundraising round, bringing the company's cash reserves to over US$3.5 billion. This is the world's largest single fundraising round by any private company, as well as the largest fundraising round for a Chinese mobile internet company. The new investors included Capital International Private Equity Fund and Ping An Ventures, part of Ping An Insurance Group Co of China Ltd. Its existing stakeholders, including Alibaba, Tencent, Temasek Holdings (Private) Ltd and Coatue Management, also participated in this fundraising round. By September 2015, the company had a market share in private cars of 80% and in taxis of 99%.
In 2015, Didi Kuaidi invested in Grabtaxi, a taxi-hailing app in Southeast Asia.
2015–2017: Rebrand and global expansion
In September 2015, Didi Kuaidi rebranded itself as Didi Chuxing. In December 2015, taxi drivers protested against Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache; both companies were forced to close their offices in the city of Luoyang.
Around the start of 2016, the company was engaged in a fierce price war with American rival Uber, which started operations in China in 2015. The competition with Uber China which operated in 40 Chinese cities led to Uber's CEO Travis Kalanick to claim the company is losing over US$1 billion annually on its Chinese operations, despite their local unit being valued at around US$8 billion after a recent billion-dollar fundraising round. This was confirmed by Uber's Chinese officials in an email to Reuters in February 2016. Despite Kalanick claiming that "We have a fierce competitor that's unprofitable in every city they exist in, but they're buying up market share...", a spokesman from Didi Chuxing responded in an email to Reuters that Uber's assertions were untrue and that "smaller competitors have to bleed subsidies to make up for their insufficient driver and rider network." The spokesperson further said that Didi Chuxing had passed the break-even mark in over half of the 400 Chinese cities they operate in.
In June 2016, DiDi closed a USD $4.5 billion fundraising round, with investors including Apple Inc., China Life Insurance Co., and the financial affiliate of online shopping firm Alibaba Group Holding Ltd. This fundraising round is the world’s largest equity share fundraising round by any private company, updating the previous record set by DiDi. In addition, DiDi has secured a $2.5 billion syndicated loan arranged by China Merchants Bank Co. DiDi also raised roughly $300 million in debt from China Life.
Competition with Uber
Uber entered the Chinese market in August 2013. However, Uber lost approximately US$2 billion dollars trying to compete with Didi Dache and Kuai di Dache. Both Didi and Kuaidi, two local Chinese ride-hailing apps, are estimated to control close to 80% of the market. China is the biggest market in the world. Uber is trying to get in the game and they are putting more money and resources to keep up with Didi Dache. Backers of the taxi apps, Tencent and Alibaba are rivals with China's biggest search engine Baidu, who is funding Uber to fight Didi Dache. While Baidu is competing against Didi Dache with Uber, Baidu is also fighting against Alibaba and Tencent directly.
On 1 August 2016, it was announced that DiDi had acquired Uber China. This acquisition valued the company at US$35 billion. With the deal, Uber acquired 5.89% of the combined company with preferred equity interest which is equal to a 17.7% economic interest in DiDi. DiDi will also obtain a minority equity interest in Uber. Under the terms of the deal, Cheng Wei has become a board member of Uber and Travis Kalanick has got a seat on DiDi's board.
2017–present: Artificial intelligence technologies
On 28 March 2017, the Wall Street Journal reported that SoftBank Group Corporation had approached Didi Chuxing Technology Co. about investing $6 billion to help the ride-hailing firm expand in self-driving car technologies," with the bulk of the money to come from SoftBank's planned $100 billion Vision Fund. On 28 April 2017, DiDi announced it closed a new financing round of over USD 5.5 billion to support its global strategy and continued investments in AI-based technologies, making the company worth $50 billion.
In December, Reuters reported that Didi had raised $4 billion for a global push into foreign markets and investments into technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, in an apparent bid to challenge Uber. On 24 July 2017, DiDi pumped $2 billion into Grab, this would deepened the latter's pocket to trump Uber in Southeast Asia. Didi announced to invest $1 billion in its auto services platform in August 2018.
On 27 August 2018, Didi Chuxing officially suspended its Hitch services due to the mugging, rape and murder case of a woman by the driver. It was the second case in a year which caused Didi to act on the issue and reform its platform with ensured safety standards. Until the business model was thoroughly reviewed the company decided to let the services remain suspended. In September 2018, Didi announced an investment of $20 million in customer service, and announced a net loss of RMB 4 billion for the first half of the year.
DiDi is an application where taxis, private cars and designated drivers can be hired via smartphone. It is similar to apps such as GrabTaxi in Southeast Asia.
It serves 550 million users across over 400 cities including Taxi, Express, Premier, Luxe, Hitch, Bus, Minibus, Designated Driving, Enterprise Solutions, Bike Sharing, E-bike Sharing, Car Sharing and food delivery. As many as 30 million rides were completed on DiDi's platform on a daily basis. A total of 7.43 billion rides were completed on DiDi's platform in 2017.
DiDi Taxi: about 2 million drivers operating in over 400 cities in China and Brazil; DiDi partners with 500 taxi companies to upgrade services.
DiDi Express: operating in about 400 cities with an ExpressPool option. DiDi ExpressPool carries over 2.4 million daily rides.
DiDi Premier: upgraded brand in 2018, accompanied by a new logo and a full suite of product and service upgrades. Highlights of the upgrades, including:
- A dedicated 24/7 customer service hotline in Chinese and English.
- New in-trip online services including in-app table booking services.
- Enhancements to existing specialist services, including premier vehicles equipped with child seats, adapted for riders with disabilities, and special arrangements for the visually-impaired traveling with a guide dog.
- Improved personalized services, such as raincoats, air purifiers and massage seats.
Designated Driving: operating in about 200 cities.
Enterprise Solution: about 170,000 corporate clients.
DiDi Bus: Launched initially in Beijing and Shenzhen as a WeChat-based trial in 2015. In Beijing, DiDi took over Kaola Bus (考拉班车) fleet and operation in September 2015. By the time of DiDi Bus's official launch in October 2015, DiDi Bus was providing 1,500 daily rides and transporting approximately 500,000 daily commuters.
DiDi Minibus: DiDi started to offer minibus rides in December 2016, aiming to provide “last three-kilometer” connection to and between public transport hubs.
DiDi Select: over 1 million rides a day.
Bike-Sharing: DiDi has added bike-sharing service from ofo to its app since April 2017. DiDi's bus service will enter into an enhanced partnership with ofo. ofo’s bike-routing analytics will help refine the AI-powered algorithms in DiDi’s real-time bus tracker to better respond to users’ differentiated short-distance mobility needs and design more efficient bike-bus transfer options. On 17 January 2018, DiDi launched its own bike-sharing platform, which integrates companies Ofo, Bluegogo and DiDi-branded bikes.
Uber China: Operates in over 400 cities
Xiaoju Automobile Solutions: with a network of over 7500 partners and downstream vendors, with an annualized GMV over RMB 60 billion. DiDi expects its Automobile Solutions to achieve an annualized GMV above RMB 90 billion at the end of 2018.
Artificial Intelligence (AI): DiDi has established the DiDi Research Institute to focus on AI technologies including machine learning and computer vision. It hopes the technologies optimise its dispatch system and route planning. A few hundred scientists work on deep-learning technologies at the institute. DiDi launched AI Labs in Beijing and DiDi Labs in Mountain View, California. DiDi Labs mainly focuses on AI-based security and intelligent driving technologies.
Big data operation: Every day, DiDi's platform generates over 70TB worth of data, processes more than 20 billion routing requests, and produces over 15 billion location points. Now DiDi is building a cloud platform with integrate anonymized data from sensors on vehicles, static information and real-time events from roads and streets with DiDi's pick-up and drop-off data, trips and carry capacity. With this platform, transportation supply and demand can be balanced efficiently, and congestion can be significantly mitigated.
The philosophy behind DiDi's big data program is "The Great Tidal" strategy, which has also been referred to simply as "Tides", is that traffic is a problem that can be solved if the vehicles on DiDi's network could be properly dispatched.
Smart transportation: DiDi leverages its AI capabilities to help cities develop smart transportation solutions. DiDi has launched smart traffic lights, smart transportation screen, reversible lane, thermodynamic diagrams of designated drivers, smart bus, smart traffic report and other programs in China. DiDi now helps manage over 1,300 traffic lights in 20 mainland Chinese cities including Beijing, Jinan, Wuhan and Guiyang.
August to September 2015: DiDi formed partnerships with Southeast Asia, North America and India ride-hailing leaders Grab, Lyft and Ola to start collaboration on areas including investment, products and technology.
August 2016: DiDi acquired Uber China and obtained an equity interest in Uber.
January 2017: DiDi made a strategic investment in 99, Brazil’s largest local shared mobility provider. DiDi will provide strategic guidance and support to 99 in the areas of technology, product development, operations and business planning.
July 2017: DiDi co-led a new financing round of Grab.
August 2017: DiDi formed a strategic partnership with Taxify, a leading ridesharing company in Europe and Africa. In the same month, DiDi also formed a strategic partnership with Careem, the leading ride-hailing and internet platform in the Middle East and North Africa.
December 2017: DiDi was reportedly planning to expand operations to Mexico, perhaps Uber's most profitable market to date.
January 2018: DiDi agreed to acquire 99, a Brazilian ride hailing app, for $600 million. DiDi had already bought a $100 million stake in 99 in January 2017, which also gave it the management rights in the app. In the same month, DiDi authorized LEDI Technology Co. as its franchisee to operate taxi-hailing business in Taiwan.
February 2018: DiDi launched its new app in Hong Kong, which is an upgraded version of Kuaidi Taxi. The Kuaidi Taxi app had been used since 2015. It was also announced that DiDi will, along with SoftBank Group, begin a venture in Japan.
April 2018: DiDi starts operation under its main name in Mexico, their first market outside Asia where operates with this name. The service is offered in the city of Toluca (near Mexico City), and is seen as the biggest Uber competitor, ahead of rivals like Cabify and Easy Taxi.
July 2018: DiDi and Tokyo-based SoftBank Corp. have set up a joint venture for taxi-hailing in Japan. The service will roll out later this year, starting with a free trial run in Osaka, and expanding to Kyoto, Fukuoka, Okinawa and Tokyo.
Cheng Wei (程维), one of the founders of Didi Dache, has been the CEO of Didi Chuxing since the 2015 merge between Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache. Cheng Wei worked in Alibaba Group for eight years before he set foot in entrepreneurship. In Alibaba, he spent his first six years in the sales of B2B business line and two years in Alipay service. After the acquisition of Uber China, he joined Uber's board of directors. Cheng Wei holds a BA from Beijing University of Chemical Technology.
Chuanwei Lu (吕传伟), the CEO of Kuaidi Dache, was announced to Co-CEO Didi Chuxing with Cheng Wei after the 2015 merge. His actual involvement in the management of DiDi is unclear. There have been some speculations that Chuanwei Lu had sold equity in DiDi and left DiDi's management.
Jean Liu is the current president of Didi Chuxing. Prior to DiDi, Jean worked for Goldman Sachs Asia for 12 years.
Environmental protection: In 2016, DiDi Hitch and DiDi Express (including ExpressPool) reduced CO2 emissions by 1.443 million tons.
Employment: From 2017 to 2018, DiDi provided over 30 million flexible and equitable job opportunities for people, including a considerable number of women, laid-off workers from traditional sectors and veteran soldiers. Around 3.9 million drivers are military veterans. In addition, nearly 2.3 million female drivers work with DiDi to provide reliable mobility services, making up 10% of drivers on the DiDi platform. Among them, 80% are mothers with young children who are able to find flexible work and income opportunities through DiDi's platform. DiDi also supports more than 4,000 innovative SMEs, which provides more than 20,000 jobs additionally.
Diversity: 40% of DiDi's employees are women. In 2017, DiDi launched a female career development plan and the establishment of the "DiDi Women's Network". It is reportedly the first female-oriented career development plan in a major Chinese Internet company.
- 2015: DiDi was announced as a Davos Global Growth Company
- 2016: DiDi was included in Fortune “Change the World” list
- 2016: DiDi was named one of the World’s 50 Smartest Companies by MIT Technology Review
- 2017: DiDi was nominated as one of the best five startups for TechCrunch’s 10th Annual Crunchies Awards
- 2018: DiDi was included in Fast Company's "Top 10 Most innovative Companies in China" list
- 2018: DiDi was included in the Global Clean Tech 100 list by Cleantech Group
- 2018: DiDi was named on CNBC's Disruptor 50 list
- "China's Didi Chuxing launches ride service in Mexico". Reuters. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
- Kaye, Byron. "Chinese ride-sharing giant Didi picks Australia for first Western..." Reuters. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
- Jourdan, Adam. "China's Didi, SoftBank target Japan in taxi-hailing push". Reuters. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
- "Didi Kuaidi (滴滴快的)". Tech In Asia. Archived from the original on 2015-09-08. Retrieved 2015-09-08.
- "Didi Chuxing". Crunchbase. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- 104483. "China's Didi gets $500 million funding from Booking.com parent".
- "Didi Chuxing suspends carpool service after woman killed". BBC News. 2018-08-26. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- "about us". www.crunchbase.com.
- Kharpal, Arjun (1 August 2016). "Taxi app rival Didi Chuxing to buy Uber's China business in $35 billion deal". CNBC. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- "Uber's Surrender to Didi Shows the Steep Odds U.S. Tech Faces in China". Fortune. 3 August 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- Macfarlane, Alec. "Uber rival Didi Chuxing is worth $50 billion". CNNMoney.
- "Uber Replaced By This Company as World's Most Valuable Startup". Fortune.
- "Didi Chuxing | crunchbase". www.crunchbase.com.
- staff, CNBC.com (2018-05-22). "2018 Disruptor 50: No. 4 Didi Chuxing". CNBC. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- "Didi launches new bilingual ride-hailing services promoting internationalization plan".
- "China's Didi Chuxing continues its international expansion with Australia launch". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- "Didi and Softbank to launch taxi-hailing service in Japan · TechNode". TechNode. 2018-07-19. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- "The ride-sharing app that beat Uber in China is available in English for the first time". The Verge.
- "Didi's Cheng Wei: Chinese patriot who tamed Uber". Reuters. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- "滴滴一下，让出行更美好". www.xiaojukeji.com. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- "Uber Is Burning Through $1 Billion a Year in China". Fortune. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- "Fortune's 2016 40 Under 40". Fortune. 22 September 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- "Company Overview of Beijing Xiaoju Keji Co., Ltd". Bloomberg Business. Retrieved 7 March 2015.
- C. Custer (5 November 2014). "China's taxi app market breaks 150 million users, and it's totally dominated by two apps". Tech in Asia. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- Usman W. Chohan (April 2014). "Dididache 嘀嘀打车 – Hailing the Future, One Cab at a Time". McGill University Economic Publications.
- Steven Millward (9 December 2014). "China's Didi Dache raises $700M, becomes 2nd most well-funded taxi app in the world". Tech in Asia. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- Gerry Shih (14 February 2015). "China taxi apps Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache announce $6 billion tie-up". reuters.com. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
- "滴滴快的宣布战略合并 程维吕传伟出任联合CEO_科技_腾讯网". tech.qq.com. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- "China taxi apps Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache announce $6 billion tie-up" (Press release). Reuters. 14 February 2015.
- "Subscribe to read". Financial Times.
- C. Custer (31 July 2015). "This chart shows how hard Didi Kuaidi is dominating Uber in China". Tech In Asia. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
- "China car hailing app Didi Kuaidi raises $2 billion as Uber rivalry intensifies". Reuters. 8 July 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- C. Custer (17 September 2015). "Didi Kuaidi partners with Lyft and invests $100M to take on Uber". Tech In Asia. Retrieved 21 October 2015.
- Russell, Jon. "GrabTaxi Lands $350M From China's Top Uber Rival Didi Kuaidi And Others". TechCrunch. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- He Huifeng (2018-01-23). "China's top car-hailing app Didi Kuaidi rebrands itself with new logo, name in bid to shake off 'illegal taxi service' stigma amid crackdown". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- "Following protests, Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache offices shut down in Luoyang". Tech in Asia - Connecting Asia's startup ecosystem. Sina Tech. 2015-05-13. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- staff, CNBC.com (4 January 2017). "Didi Chuxing invests in Brazil rival". CNBC. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Russell, Jon. "China's Didi invests in Taxify, an Uber rival operating in Europe and Africa". TechCrunch. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- "China ride-hailing firm DiDi backs Uber rival Careem". Reuters. 8 August 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Hawkins, Andrew J. (1 August 2016). "Lyft's partnership with Didi is on the skids after Chinese app merges with Uber". The Verge. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- "Funding lifts Uber China unit's valuation to $8 billion but profits absent". Reuters UK. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
- "Uber losing $1 billion a year to compete in China". Reuters UK. Retrieved 19 February 2016.
- "Apple invests $1 billion in Chinese ride-hailing service Didi Chuxing". Reuters. 13 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
- Isaac, Mike; Goel, Vindu (12 May 2016). "Apple Puts $1 Billion in Didi, a Rival to Uber in China". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
- "Apple Invests $1 Billion in Didi, Uber's Rival in China". The Wall Street Journal. 13 May 2016. Retrieved 13 May 2016.
- Osawa, Juro; Carew, Rick (16 June 2016). "Didi Chuxing, China's Rival to Uber, Scores $7 Billion in New Funding". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
- Ovide, Shira (1 August 2016). "Uber Wins by Losing". Bloomberg Gadfly. Retrieved 8 March 2017.
- "China taxi apps Didi Dache and Kuaidi Dache announce $6 billion tie-up".
- "Uber Sells China Operations to Didi Chuxing".
- Millward, Steven (1 August 2016). "Uber's China unit acquired by Didi in $35b deal". Tech In Asia. Retrieved 1 August 2016.
- "Business this week". The Economist. Retrieved 12 August 2016.
- TAI, MARIKO (1 August 2016). "Didi Chuxing to acquire Uber's China operation". Nikkei.
- Wu, Kane; Negishi, Mayumi (28 March 2017). "SoftBank Considers $6 Billion Investment in China Ride-Hailing Firm Didi". Wall Street Journal. New York City, New York, United States. Retrieved 30 March 2017.
- "China's Didi Raises Over $5.5 Billion in Record Tech Funding". Bloomberg.com. 28 April 2017. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "China ride-sharing firm Didi raises $4 billion for global push". Reuters. 21 December 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
- "Grab gets $2B from Didi and SoftBank to fuel bid to defeat Uber in Southeast Asia".
- Reuters Staff (2016-08-06). Sherry Jacob-Phillips, ed. "China's Didi to invest $1 billion in its auto services platform". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- "Killer Chinese Didi driver forced victim to transfer 9,000 yuan". The Standard. 2018-08-27. Archived from the original on 2018-08-29. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
- Mary Ma (2018-08-27). "No free rides over rape-murders". The Standard. Archived from the original on 2018-08-29. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
- "Ride-Sharing Giant Suspends Carpool After Passenger's Rape, Murder". NDTV. 2018-08-26. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- "China's Didi Chuxing Suspends Carpool Service After Second Woman Killed". Time. Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- Reuters Staff (2018-08-26). Christian Schmollinger; Jane Merriman, eds. "Chinese authorities say Didi bears 'unshirkable responsibility' for passenger's death". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- He Huifeng (2018-08-26). "Didi stops hitching service in China after second murder – and admits it was warned about accused driver". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- Editorial, Reuters. "China's Didi says will invest $20 million in customer service after..." U.S. Retrieved 2018-09-05.
- Liu, Jiefei (2018-09-07). "Briefing: Didi admits RMB 4 billion net loss in the first half of 2018 · TechNode". TechNode. Retrieved 2018-09-07.
- "DiDi completes 7.43 bln rides in 2017". Xinhuanet. 2018-01-08. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- "Didi Chuxing brand launches in Hong Kong". Pandaily. 2018-02-05. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- "Didi adds mass transit to ride-sharing mix for cheaper options". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- "DiDi Upgrades Premier Service". Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- 朱传戈; 董菁, eds. (2018-03-21). "滴滴跨城顺风车2018春运运送3067万人次". People's Daily (in Chinese). 经济参考报. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- 周锐 (2015-11-09). "滴滴代驾已覆盖200城市 日订单峰值突破50万". 中国新闻网 (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- "商务出行常态化选择，滴滴企业版覆盖1700万职场人群". wemedia.ifeng.com. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- "考拉班车融资失败被滴滴巴士接管运营". Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- "Didi offers rides on minibuses, expanding into another area of China's public transport service". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- Lomas, Natasha. "Didi adds Apple Pay support across core mobility services". TechCrunch. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- "Didi app embeds ofo to provide flexible solution for short trips – TechNode". TechNode. 27 April 2017. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- "Didi's bike rental platform launches in Beijing and Shenzhen with ofo and Bluegogo bikes · TechNode". TechNode. 17 January 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
- "Didi begins to replace Bluegogo bike's with their own in Chengdu · TechNode". TechNode. 25 January 2018. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
- Russell, Jon. "Didi Dache, One Of China's Two Dominant Taxi App Firms, Closes $700M Series D Round". TechCrunch. Retrieved 2 April 2016.
- Yuan, Li (24 August 2016). "China Gears Up in Artificial-Intelligence Race". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- "Didi has opened a self-driving lab in the U.S. with famed Jeep hacker Charlie Miller". Recode. 8 March 2017. Retrieved 13 March 2017.
- "滴滴出行与香港科技大学就智慧交通系统研究与成果转化达成战略合作" (in Chinese). Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Erez, Nir. "The new world of mobility". TechCrunch. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- "Tech in Asia – Connecting Asia's startup ecosystem". www.techinasia.com. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- tomarnstein (30 August 2017). "3 Ways Didi's Big Data Is Improving China's Traffic". www.thebeijinger.com. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- Sarah Dai (2018-07-10). "China's biggest ride-hailing platform Didi now wants to help cities solve traffic jams". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- Zen Soo (2017-07-24). "Didi Chuxing, SoftBank lead US$2.5b finance round in Southeast Asian ride hailing firm Grab". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- Russell, Jon. "China's Didi invests in Taxify, an Uber rival operating in Europe and Africa". TechCrunch. Retrieved 1 November 2017.
- 王晓易_NE0011, ed. (2017-08-11). "滴滴海外版图再扩张，投资优步在中东的主要对手Careem". 网易 (in Chinese). 澎湃新闻(上海). Archived from the original on 2018-07-27. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
- "China's ride-hailing giant said to be planning expansion to Mexico". Axios. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
- "China's Didi Chuxing acquires control of Brazilian ride-hailing app 99 for US$1 billion". South China Morning Post. Reuters. 2018-01-04. Archived from the original on 2018-08-27. Retrieved 2018-07-27.
- Isaac, Vinod Sreeharsha and Mike (3 January 2018). "Didi Chuxing, China's ride-hailing giant, reportedly just bought Uber's Brazilian rival". CNBC. Retrieved 5 January 2018.
- "China's Didi Targets Taiwan Expansion With Franchising Model". Bloomberg.com. 19 December 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
- "Didi Eyes Growth With Taiwan Deal, New Hong Kong App – Caixin Global". www.caixinglobal.com. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
- "Didi, SoftBank set up taxi-hailing joint venture in Japan". AP News. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- "滴滴一下，让出行更美好". www.xiaojukeji.com. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- 三联生活周刊. "引爆点，创造性一代（3）_三联生活周刊". www.lifeweek.com.cn. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- "After a $35 Billion Merger, Uber and Didi Are Set to Take Over the Ridesharing Universe". 8 August 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- "In China, millions of retired soldiers become Didi drivers". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- "IFC and Didi Chuxing Partner on Women's Empowerment, Climate and Financial Inclusion in Emerging Markets". Retrieved 2018-08-06.
- 孙慕遥. "Didi recruits laid-off workers from overcapacity industries". www.chinadaily.com.cn. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- "Didi Chuxing Launches Female Career Development Plan In China". ChinaTechNews.com. Retrieved 18 July 2017.
- "How These 50 Companies Are Changing the World". Fortune. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- "50 Smartest Companies 2016". MIT Technology Review. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
- Crook, Jordan. "These are the companies fighting for Best Startup at the 10th Annual Crunchies". TechCrunch. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
- "The 2018 Top 10 Most Innovative Companies by Sector: China | Fast Company". Fast Company. Retrieved 17 March 2018.
- "Cleantech Group Unveils the 2018 Global Cleantech 100 List | Cleantech Group". www.cleantech.com. Retrieved 2018-08-06.