Die Presse

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Die Presse
Front page on 30 September 2010. The headline reads "EU goes soft on Sarkozy" and refers to the French president's deportation of Roma migrants from France.
TypeDaily newspaper
Owner(s)Styria Media Group AG
PublisherDie Presse Verlags-Gesellschaft m.b.H. & Co KG
EditorFlorian Asamer
Founded1848; 176 years ago (1848)[note 1]
Political alignmentClassical liberalism
Christian democracy
Circulation80,000 (2013)

Die Presse is a German-language daily broadsheet newspaper based in Vienna, Austria.[1] It is considered a newspaper of record for Austria.[2]

History and profile[edit]

Die Presse was first printed on 3 July 1848[3] as a liberal (libertarian)-bourgeois newspaper within the meaning of the revolutions of 1848 by the entrepreneur August Zang. Its staff split in 1864 under the leadership of Max Friedländer, Michael Etienne and Adolf Werthner to form the Neue Freie Presse, which later was aryanized by the Nazis in 1938 and effectively closed in 1939. In 1946, after the Second World War, resistance fighter Ernst Molden, who had been vice-editor-in-chief of the Neue Freie Presse[4] from 1921 until 1939, reestablished the newspaper as Die Presse.[5][6]

The "Presse" had been struggling for financial survival for a long time, until during the 1960s, the Austrian Chamber of Commerce became the main shareholder. Since 1999 it has been owned by the Styria Medien AG,[7] a conservative-liberal media group founded by the Catholic Church.[dubious ] Its publisher is Die Presse Verlag GmbH.[8]

The paper covers general news topics. It is frequently quoted in international media concerning news from Austria. Since March 2009 it has also been operating a weekly newspaper under the name "Die Presse am Sonntag".[9][10] The daily covers half-page science news each day.[11]

The political position of the "Die Presse" can be described as classical liberal, with a strong emphasis on free-market economy and small government, traditionally opposing Austria's grand coalition and its neocorporatist tendencies. It therefore stands in contrast to other Austrian newspapers of quality including the more conservative Wiener Zeitung and the social-liberal Der Standard. Emphasis is put on the 1848 revolutions as the beginning of its tradition as a liberal newspaper, citing it in its slogan "Free since 1848". Despite its liberal free-market orientation, Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote a series of articles on the American Civil War for Die Presse in the early 1860s, which were later collected into the book The Civil War in the United States.

In 2007 the editor-in-chief of Die Presse was Michael Fleischhacker who had been appointed to the post in 2004.[11][12] Next year the paper was named Best Editorial Team in Austria.[10]


In 2002 Die Presse was one of four quality daily newspapers with nationwide distribution along with Der Standard, Salzburger Nachrichten, and Wiener Zeitung.[13] The same year its circulation was 120,000 copies.[8] In 2004 the paper had a circulation of 115,000 copies.[14]

The 2007 circulation of Die Presse was 121,000 copies.[15] The circulation of the daily was 120,363 copies in 2008 and 102,598 copies in 2009.[16] It was 97,091 copies in 2010.[16] The paper had a circulation of 74,032 copies in 2011.[17] Its circulation was 80,000 copies in 2013.[18]

CIA involvement[edit]

In 2009, reports claimed that the long-time editor Otto Schulmeister had been working for the CIA in the 1960s and the 1970s,[19][20] and the CIA already described it internally as “CIA-subsidized” as early as 1951, when the CIA used it to distribute Animal Farm in the Soviet Zone of Vienna.[21]


  1. ^ Established as Die Presse in 1848, the staff split in 1864 to form the Neue Freie Presse, aryanized by the Nazis in 1938 and effectively closed in 1939, reestablished as Die Presse in 1946, after the Second World War."Die Presse - Die Geschichte". Archived from the original on 6 February 2014.


  1. ^ "Biotechnology" (PDF). EU. 31 May 2002. Archived from the original (Report) on 7 October 2013. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
  2. ^ Baber, Katherine (18 May 2022). ""American First Aid": Jerome Robbins and Leonard Bernstein at the Salzburg Festival, 1959" (PDF). Journal of Austrian-American History. 6 (1): 76. doi:10.5325/jaustamerhist.6.1.0074. ISSN 2475-0913. Retrieved 25 October 2023.
  3. ^ "European News Resources". NYU Libraries. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
  4. ^ "Die Neugründung nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg". Archived from the original on 16 October 2007.
  5. ^ "Die Presse - Die Geschichte". Archived from the original on 6 February 2014.
  6. ^ Gunter Bischof; Anton Pelinka; Dagmar Herzog (31 December 2011). Sexuality in Austria. Transaction Publishers. p. 229. ISBN 978-1-4128-0978-8. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
  7. ^ "Media Markets: Austria Country Overview". Russian Telecom. August 2004. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  8. ^ a b "World Press Trends" (PDF). World Association of Newspapers. Paris. 2004. Retrieved 8 February 2015.
  9. ^ "Der Sonntag hat eine neue Qualität "Die Presse am Sonntag"". Die Presse. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
  10. ^ a b Thomas Hochwarterlump (3 March 2009). "Der Standard extends its readership as Die Presse's numbers slump". Austrian Times. Archived from the original on 1 January 2015. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  11. ^ a b "Science News? Overview of Science Reporting in the EU" (PDF). EU. 2007. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
  12. ^ "Communicating Europe: Austria Manual" (PDF). European Stability Initiative. 12 December 2007. Retrieved 12 October 2013.
  13. ^ Ulrike Felt; Martina Erlemann (June 2003). "The Austrian media landscape: Mass-production of public images of science and technology". OPUS Report. Archived from the original on 13 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
  14. ^ "Media pluralism in the Member States of the European Union" (PDF). Commission of the European Communities. Brussels. 16 January 2007. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  15. ^ Anne Austin; et al. (2008). "Western Europe Market & Media Fact" (PDF). ZenithOptimedia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2015. Retrieved 8 April 2015.
  16. ^ a b "National newspapers total circulation". International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations. Retrieved 2 December 2014.
  17. ^ Paul Murschetz; Matthias Karmasin (2013). "Austria: Press Subsidies in Search of a New Design". In Paul Murschetz (ed.). State Aid for Newspapers. Berlin Heidelberg: Springer Science & Business Media. ISBN 978-3-642-35691-9. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
  18. ^ "Austria 2013". WAN IFRA. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  19. ^ "Salzburger Nachrichten". Salzburg. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
  20. ^ "Die Presse (Austrian newspaper)". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 13 August 2011.
  21. ^ "Director's Log" (PDF). Freedom of Information Act Electronic Reading Room. Central Intelligence Agency. 6 December 1951. p. 194. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 August 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2020.

Further reading[edit]

  • Merrill, John Calhoun; Fisher, Harold A. (1980). The world's great dailies: profiles of fifty newspapers. New York. pp. 250–255. ISBN 978-0-8038-8095-5.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  • "Die Presse". Encyclopedia Britannica. 6 September 2017. Retrieved 18 November 2021.

External links[edit]