Die Zwillingsbrüder (The Twin Brothers, D. 647) is a one-act Singspiel (sometimes also described as a Posse mit Gesang) composed by Franz Schubert in 1819 on a libretto by Georg Ernst von Hofmann. Die Zwillingsbrüder was first performed at the Kärntnertortheater on June 14, 1820.
Die Zwillingsbrüder, like Schubert's other operatic works, met with limited success both at the work's inception and over time. Critics attribute this to the weakness of the libretto as well as to a mismatch between the lightness of the subject matter and the refined nature of Schubert's music. In this work, Schubert's music often approaches the style of Mozart, evoking for instance Die Zauberflöte.
|Role||Voice type||Première cast|
|Der Schultze (mayor)||bass||Josef Gottdank (1779–1849)|
|Lieschen, his daughter||soprano||Elizabeth (Betty) Vio (Spitzeder) (c. 1806–1872)|
|Anton||tenor||Viktor Rosenfeld (1790–?)|
|Notary||bass||Sebastian Mayer (1773–1835)|
|Franz / Friedrich Spiess||bass||Johann Michael Vogl (1768–1840)|
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The scene takes place in a village on the Rhine, on the 18th birthday of the young heroine, Lieschen. Lieschen is eagerly awaiting her marriage to her young fiancé, Anton. The opera opens with a chorus in the couple's honor.
Unfortunately, upon Lieschen's birth, her father, Der Schulze, had agreed with a friend, Franz Spiess, that, in exchange for a sum of money, Franz would be allowed to marry Lieschen when she came of age. Immediately following the deal, Spiess had left for the war. Franz, now an old veteran whom the villagers had presumed dead, suddenly returns, on the last day on which he can claim his bride, and Lieschen's father must keep his word.
Coincidentally, Friedrich Spiess, Franz’s twin brother, also a veteran, happens to return to the village on that same day. The Spiess brothers are both under the impression that their twin was killed in the war. Since they are identical twins and they are never in the same place at the same time, the villagers mistake them for each other. The twins' stories and behaviors do not match (while one brother strives to arrange his marriage to the heroine, the other gladly revokes his right to it), leading Der Schulze to believe that the old soldier has sustained a mentally impairing sword wound and that he is unfit to marry his daughter. After this confusion is used to comic effect in a variety of ways, the twins finally meet, and Lieschen is allowed to marry Anton.
- Die Zwillingsbrüder – Wolfgang Sawallisch, conductor, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Helen Donath, Nicolai Gedda, etc. Choir and Orchestra Bayerische Staatsoper München (1978)
- Die Zwillingsbrüder – Peter Maag, conductor; Solisti Cantori, Philharmonia Mediterranea, Bongiovanni. (1997)
- Der Vierjährige Posten and Die Zwillingsbrüder – Christoph Spering, Capriccio Christoph Spering, conductor; Chorus Musicus Köln, Das Neue Orchester. Phoenix Edition. (2008)
- "Album details - "Franz Schubert: Die Zwillingsbrüder" by Peter Maag (1997)". Allmusic.com. 2014. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Eddins, Stephen (2014). "Review of "Franz Schubert: Der vierjährige Posten; Die Zwillingsbrüder" by Christoph Spering (2008)". Allmusic.com. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
- Kayali, Francis (2007). "Twin Plays: Die Zwillingsbrüder and Les deux Valentin" (PDF). FrancisKayali.com.
- Newbould, Brian (1999). Schubert: The Music and the Man. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-21065-4.
- Die Zwillingsbrüder: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- "Die Zwillingsbrüder - Libretto". Opera Glass.
- Bruce, Robert Douglas (2003). Schubert's mature operas: an analytical study (PDF) (Ph.D). Durham University.
- Robinson, Bradford (2005). "Franz Schubert - Die Zwillingsbrüder, D. 647 (1818-19) - Preface to pocket score". Musikproduktion Jürgen Höflich. Retrieved 13 December 2016.