Die schwarzen Brüder
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Die schwarzen Brüder (English: The Black Brothers) is the best-known story of German writer Lisa Tetzner and one of the most widely read children's books in the world.
The book was published in 1941 and tells the fact-based story of Giorgio, a boy from Sonogno in the Verzasca Valley in the canton of Ticino in Switzerland. In historical chronicles, the author had read of a ferry disaster drowning some 30 chimney sweeps boys (Italian Spazzacamini). The boys were sold to the City of Milan for poverty in the middle of the 19th Century.
Georgio grew up in the small Ticino mountain village Sonogno. His parents were poor mountain farmers. One day his mother broke her leg, Giorgio was sold as a boy chimney sweep to Milano, as the family had no money to pay for the medical treatment of his mother. A scarfaced man (referred to only as Der Mann mit der Narbe (The man with the scar)), Antonio Luini bought him for the sum of twenty Swiss Franks and gathered him and others to bring to Milan. During his journey to Milan Giorgio met Alfredo, who came from a village in the Misox. The boat capsized, drowning many of the boys, only a few made their way to the lakeshore where they were picked up by Luini and brought to Milan.
Giorgio was sold to Mr. Rossi, a chimney sweep in Milan who was under the influence of his hard-hearted wife. Giorgio was humiliated by her son Anselmo and get barely enough to eat. Nicoletta, Rossi's deathly sick daughter helped him a lot sharing her food and calming her mother.
Georgio soon met with other boy chimney sweeps and was received in the community of "The Black Brothers". Together, they withstood the attacks from local boys called Die Wölfe (The Wolves).
Underfeeding and hard work weakened Giorgio. While working in a clogged chimney, breaking loose blocks of sooth in the smoke of a fire still burning, he almost died. When he fell down unconscious, he was taken care of by a Ticino physician, Dr. Casella who was attending a festivity in the house mentioned. Dr. Caseela later encouraged Giorgio and his friends to flee Milan and seek help in his estate in Lugano.
A few weeks later, Giorgio's friend Alfredo died of Pulmonary Tuberculosis. After his funeral, the two hostile groups of boys agreed to tolerate and to assist each other. When Anselmo accused Giorgio of stealing, the "Wolves" scouted Giorgio and his friends to the road towards Switzerland. Giorgio was searched and hunted by the Milan police. But they made the way to the neighboring Swiss border of Lake Lugano. In the Town of Lugano, they met with Dr. Casella who accommodated them in his house. His influence also helped to arrest Antonio Luini after he was identified by Giorgio. Luini was sent to prison for a long time.
Nine years later, Georgio returns home as a teacher to Sonogno with his wife - Alfredo's sister Bianca. There he is reunited with Anita, who married herself, and his family. All, his father, his mother and the Nonna are still alive and doing well.
- 2013 : Die schwarzen Brüder, a German movie directed by Xavier Koller.
- 1984 : Die schwarzen Brüder, a Swiss mini-series filmed by director Diethard Klante.
- In Japan in 1995, a 33-part animated series under the World Masterpiece Theater under the title Romeo no aoi sora was (Japanese ロミオ の 青い 空, Romio no aoi sora, literally: "Romeo's Blue Sky") directed by Kozo Kusuba. Under the title Die schwarzen Brüder this was also broadcast in Germany. For this telling of the story, Giorgio's name was changed to Romeo, it is his father who falls ill rather than his mother, and Romeo enters servitude voluntarily. Alfredo has an expanded role in the tale as a lost heir to nobility; and this (rather than the resolution of Luini) drives the plot in the last half of the series.
Heidi and Stefan Knetsch Richwien adapted the material for the radio version. Christiane Ohaus directed. Produced by Radio Bremen, North German Radio and Bavarian Radio 2002nd The performers are: Raiko Kuester, Hildegard Krekel, Mendroch Horst, Ulrich and Andreas Pietschmann Pleitgen. In 2004, the radio play the Quarterly Prize of the German Record Critics.
- Lisa Tetzner: Die Schwarzen Brüder, Düsseldorf: Patmos 2003, 2 CDs, 104 min, ISBN 978-3-491-24087-2
Publications in English
- The Black Brothers by Lisa Tetzner, Publisher: Highlights Press, 04/09/2004, Pages: 160., Ages young adult, ISBN 9781932425048
- Die Schwarzen Brüder by Lisa Tetzner. Carlsen, German Edition, p. 471