Diego Martínez Barrio
|The Most Excellent|
Diego Martínez Barrio
|President of the Spanish Republic |
7 April 1936 – 10 May 1936
|Preceded by||Niceto Alcalá-Zamora|
|Succeeded by||Manuel Azaña|
|Prime Minister of Spain|
8 October 1933 – 16 December 1933
|Preceded by||Alejandro Lerroux|
|Succeeded by||Alejandro Lerroux|
19 July 1936 – 19 July 1936
|Preceded by||Santiago Casares Quiroga|
|Succeeded by||José Giral|
25 November 1883|
1 January 1962 (aged 78)|
|Political party||Republican Union|
Diego Martínez Barrio (25 November 1883, Seville – 1 January 1962) was a Spanish politician during the Second Spanish Republic, Prime Minister of Spain between 9 October 1933 and 26 December 1933 and was briefly appointed again by Manuel Azaña on 19 July 1936 - two days after the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. From 16 March 1936 to 30 March 1939 Martínez was President of the Cortes. In 1936, he was briefly the interim President of the Second Spanish Republic, from April 7 to May 10.
Barrio was born in Seville. A member of the Radical Republican Party, he was the Minister in the Alejandro Lerroux government, although later he left the party due to his dissatisfaction with the politics of Lerroux.
Martínez consequently founded and led the Republican Union and participated in the Spanish Popular Front, being elected to government in 1936. He led the integration of the Republican Union into the Popular Front, being elected the speaker of the Cortes (Spanish Parliament). In February 1939, he rejected to replace Manuel Azaña as president of the Republic. Following the resignation of Santiago Casares Quiroga two days after the outbreak of the civil war, he was appointed Prime Minister on 19 July 1936. As part of his intention to avert war, his cabinet ignored the left-wing of the Popular Front; however, he would last just a few hours, and resigned later the same morning after an unsuccessful appeal to Nationalist General Emilio Mola to avoid war, and was succeeded by José Giral. He fled the country after Francisco Franco came to power in 1939.
After the fall of the Republic he went into exile, first to France and then to Mexico where in 1945 he was designated president of the Republic in exile until 1962. Martínez finally returned to Paris, where he died.
In 2000, his remains were moved to Seville.
- Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p. 123
- Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p. 185
- Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p. 152
- Jackson, Gabriel. (1967). The Spanish Republic and the Civil War, 1931-1939. Princeton University Press. Princeton. p. 485
- Beever, Antony (2006). The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939. London: Phoenix. p. 69. ISBN 978-0-7538-2165-7.
- Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p. 895
- 1863-1923 Archived 2008-11-07 at the Wayback Machine., Brief History of the Spanish Masonry
- Beever, Antony (2006). The Battle for Spain: The Spanish Civil War 1936-1939. London: Phoenix. p. 423. ISBN 978-0-7538-2165-7.
- Thomas, Hugh. (2001). The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. p. 923.
- Beevor, Antony. The battle for Spain. The Spanish civil war. Penguin Books. 2006. London. ISBN 0-14-303765-X.
- Thomas, Hugh. The Spanish Civil War. Penguin Books. London. 2003. ISBN 978-0-14-101161-5
Niceto Alcalá Zamora
| President of the Second Spanish Republic
Santiago Casares Quiroga
| Prime Minister of Spain