Diego Ortiz

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Portrait of Diego Ortiz from the title page of his Trattado de Glosas (1553)

Diego Ortiz (c. 1510 – c. 1570) was a Spanish composer and music theorist in service to the Spanish viceroy of Naples and later to Philip II of Spain.[citation needed] Ortiz published the first manual on ornamentation for bowed string instruments, and a large collection of sacred vocal compositions (Stevenson 2001).

Biography[edit]

Very little is known about Ortiz's life. He is believed to have been born in Toledo and died in Naples.

Portraits of Diego Ortiz from Trattado de Glossas and from Veronese's "The Wedding at Cana" second unknown viola-gambist
Portraits of Diego Ortiz from Trattado de Glossas (left) and from Veronese's "The Wedding at Cana" second unknown viola-gambist (right)

In 1553 Ortiz was living in the viceroyalty of Naples. Five years later, the third duke of Alba, Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, appointed him maestro di cappella of the Chapel Royal of Naples. In 1565 Ortiz still held the post under the Viceroy Pedro Afán de Ribera, duke of Alcalá. A recent study (Lafarga, Cháfer, Navalón, and Alejano 2017, 41–59) suggests that Diego Ortiz could have been the model for a very relevant personage in the famous work of Paolo Caliari Veronese "The Wedding at Cana", based on the instrumental ensemble represented by the painter, the edition date of Ortiz's second book Musices liber primus in Venice, the repeated confusions (Hagen and Hagen 2001, 157) and misattributions (Lafarga, Cháfer, Navalón, and Alejano 2017, ch. 6, table I) about this person in the literature down to the present, and the striking resemblance of the painted character with the only known engraved portrait of the musician.

Works[edit]

Ortiz published two music books: Trattado de Glosas in 1553 and Musices liber primus in 1565.

Trattado de Glossas[edit]

The Trattado de Glosas (modern Spanish spelling Tratado de Glosas) is considered a masterpiece of literature for the viola da gamba. The work was published on 10 December 1553, in Rome under the Spanish title Trattado de glossas sobre clausulas y otros generos de puntos en la musica de violones nuevamente puestos en luz. The Italian edition was published at the same time, with the title Glose sopra le cadenze et altre sorte de punti in la musica del violone. The Italian edition is full of Hispanicisms, which suggests that Ortiz made this version himself (Stevenson 2001).

Musices liber primus[edit]

Ortiz published a collection of polyphonic religious music in 1565 in Venice. Musices liber primus hymnos, Magnificas, Salves, motecta, psalmos includes sixty-nine compositions for four to seven voices, based on plainchant works. They are stylistically conservative for the period, appropriate to the tastes of the dedicatee, Ortiz's employer, Pedro Afán de Rivera, Duke of Alcalá and the Spanish Viceroy in Naples. In the preface to this publication, Ortiz encourages performers to accompany these sacred polyphonic works with instruments, a practice favoured at the time in Spain, and promises future publication of a book of masses which never appeared (Stevenson 2001).

References[edit]

  • Hagen, Rose-Marie, and Rainer Hagen. 2001. What Great Paintings Say, Vol 1. Cologne: Taschen GmbH. ISBN 978-3822821008.
  • Lafarga, Manuel, Teresa Cháfer, Navidad Navalón, and Javier Alejano. 2017. Il Veronese and Giorgione in Concerto: Diego Ortiz in Venice/El Veronés y Giorgione en concierto: Diego Ortiz en Venecia (bilingual edition, English translation by Christian Michel). Cullera VLC: Lafarga & Sanz Ediciones. ISBN 978-84-09-07020-6.
  • Stevenson, Robert. 2001. "Ortiz, Diego". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.

Sheetmusic[edit]