Dietrich Hrabak

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Dietrich Hrabak
Dietrich Hrabak.jpg
Dietrich Hrabak
Nickname(s) "Dieter"
Born (1914-12-19)19 December 1914
Großdeuben, Saxony
Died 15 September 1995(1995-09-15) (aged 80)
Allegiance  Nazi Germany (to 1945)
 West Germany
Service/branch  Reichsmarine (to 1935)
Balkenkreuz (Iron Cross) Luftwaffe
Bundeswehrkreuz (Iron Cross) German Air Force
Years of service 1934–45
Rank Oberst (World War II)
Generalmajor (Bundeswehr)
Unit JG 138, JG 76
Commands held JG 54, JG 52

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves
Other work Bundeswehr

Dietrich "Dieter" Hrabak (19 December 1914 – 15 September 1995) was a fighter pilot in the Luftwaffe of Nazi Germany during World War II. Following the war, he served in the German Air Force of West Germany from 1955 until his retirement on 30 September 1970. A fighter ace, he claimed 125 enemy aircraft shot down in over 1000 combat missions. 109 of his victories were claimed over the Eastern Front, with 16 against the Western Allies.

Early life and career[edit]

Hrabak was born on 19 December 1914 in Großdeuben, part of Böhlen, in the Kingdom of Saxony, a federated state of the German Empire, the son of a real estate developer. Following his graduation from the Königin-Carola-Gymnasium, a secondary school, he volunteered for military service. On 8 April 1934, Hrabak joined the Reichsmarine,[Note 1] the German navy of the Weimar Republic and in November 1935 transferred to the newly emerging Luftwaffe (German air force) as an Oberfähnrich (officer candidate). On 1 April 1936, Hrabak was promoted to Leutnant (second lieutenant).[1]

In 1938 Hrabak was posted to the Vienna Jagdgruppe, I./JG 138. This unit was later redesignated I./JG 76 during the Polish Campaign, before becoming II./JG 54 in April 1940.

World War II[edit]

During the Polish Campaign, Hrabak was shot down (the first of 11 times) on his first mission, making a belly landing. On 13 May 1940, he claimed his first victory, a French Potez 63 and he claimed five more victories before the armistice. During the Battle of Britain, Hrabak was a member of JG 54, becoming Gruppenkommandeur II./JG 54 on 26 August 1940. During the Battle of Britain he added ten victories against Royal Air Force (RAF) fighters and Field Marshal Hermann Göring personally decorated Hrabak with the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.

Hrabak served in the Balkans campaign. When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in Operation Barbarossa, he flew on the northern front and over Leningrad. In November 1942, he left JG 54 to become Geschwaderkommodore of Jagdgeschwader 52 (JG 52—52nd Fighter Wing). Under Hrabak JG 52 became the highest scoring Geschwader with over 10,000 victories.

On 2 August 1943, Hrabak claimed his 100th victory. He was the 48th Luftwaffe pilot to achieve the century mark.[2] In November 1943, Oak Leaveswere added to Hrabak's Knight's Cross. His Oak Leaves were the 337th to be awarded.[citation needed] On 9 December, Hrabak was presented with them by Adolf Hitler, at the Wolfschanze, Hitler's eastern military headquarters in Rastenburg (later Kętrzyn, Poland). By this time Hrabak had 118 victories.

On 20 September 1944, Hrabak scored the last of his 125 victories. In October 1944 Hrabak returned to JG 54, serving as its last Geschwaderkommodore until the end of the war. His greatest contribution to the Luftwaffe was not his combat record however but his command, tactical and leadership qualities, which endeared him to the men under his command and sealed his reputation within the Luftwaffe leadership.

Later life[edit]

After the war, he worked in the automotive and chemical industry until 1953 when Chancellor Konrad Adenauer asked him to help form the new German Air Force. In 1956 he commanded the Advanced Pilot Training Center at Fürstenfeldbruck. In 1962 he took charge of the air defense covering northern Germany and the Netherlands. In 1964 he was named NATO's Chief of Air Defense/Central Europe until becoming special manager for the Lockheed F-104 Starfighter programme. As a major general, he commanded the GAF's tactical command. General Hrabak died peacefully 15 September 1995 in Pfaffenhofen.



  1. ^ The German Reichsmarine was renamed the Kriegsmarine on 1 June 1935.



  1. ^ Stockert 1998, p. 171.
  2. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 243.
  3. ^ Obermaier 1989, p. 59.
  4. ^ a b Thomas 1997, p. 306.
  5. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 200.
  6. ^ a b Scherzer 2007, p. 406.
  7. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 236.
  8. ^ Von Seemen 1976, p. 174.
  9. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 75.
  10. ^ Von Seemen 1976, p. 39.


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  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1939 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. 
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  • Thomas, Franz (1997). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 1: A–K [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 1: A–K] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2299-6. 
  • Von Seemen, Gerhard (1976). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 : die Ritterkreuzträger sämtlicher Wehrmachtteile, Brillanten-, Schwerter- und Eichenlaubträger in der Reihenfolge der Verleihung : Anhang mit Verleihungsbestimmungen und weiteren Angaben [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 : The Knight's Cross Bearers of All the Armed Services, Diamonds, Swords and Oak Leaves Bearers in the Order of Presentation: Appendix with Further Information and Presentation Requirements] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7909-0051-4. 
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Military offices
Preceded by
Major Herbert Ihlefeld
Commander of Jagdgeschwader 52
1 November 1942 – 30 September 1944
Succeeded by
Oberstleutnant Hermann Graf
Preceded by
Oberstleutnant Anton Mader
Commander of Jagdgeschwader 54 Grünherz
1 October 1944 – 8 May 1945
Succeeded by