Dievdirbys

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A dievdirbys ("god carver", plural: dievdirbiai) is a Lithuanian wood carver who creates statues of Jesus and the Christian saints in more recent times, but used to create statues of the old pantheon of gods which is called “Romuva”.[1] The art is closely related to kryždirbystė (cross-carving), listed among Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.

The statues are carved according to artistic conventions developed over the centuries following Lithuania's adoption of Christianity. They are displayed along roadsides, in cemeteries, and in chapels or churches.

The most popular figures are of Saint Roch, the Pietà, John of Nepomuk, Saint Casimir, the Nativity, Pensive Christ (known as rūpintojėlis), Saint Florian, Saint George, Saint Anthony, Saint Agatha, and Saint Isidore.

Using basic tools, the sculptures were carved out of linden wood, or occasionally oak, and sometimes painted. Along with three-dimensional sculptures, relief and bas-relief were also cultivated. The works decorate the altars of rural churches, of portable church altars, processional banners, aediculas, dwellings, and barns. The Stations of the Cross often feature these works as well.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gimbutas, Maria. "Lithuanian Folk Art". Retrieved 2008-06-22.

External links[edit]