The estate of Dieveniškės was first mentioned in 1385 as a village of a Lithuanian noble Mykolas Mingaila, possibly the son of Gedgaudas, later ruled by the Goštautai family. Stanislovas Goštautas visited Dieveniškės with his wife Barbara Radziwill, who used to pray in Dieveniškės church, built in the 16th century. According to the 1897 census, 75% of the village population were jewish. The shtetl had 2 synagogues. The Jews were murdered during the Holocaust in Lithuania.