Diffuse alveolar damage
Micrograph showing hyaline membranes, the key histologic feature of diffuse alveolar damage. H&E stain.
Classification and external resources
Diffuse alveolar damage is a histological pattern in lung disease. It is seen in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS),  transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI) and acute interstitial pneumonia (AIP).
Diffuse alveolar damage is associated primarily with
ARDS and TRALI in adults, and hyaline membrane disease in neonates. It is most commonly associated with infection. 
Prevalence [ edit ]
It is a common
biopsy finding. Through histology, diffuse alveolar damage goes through several stages: 
Exudative phase - similar to pulmonary edema. The
alveoli become flooded with exudate
Hyaline membrane production. Hyaline membranes are fibrinous structures resulting from organization of the exudate. Organising phase
References [ edit ]
^ Cotran, Ramzi S.; Kumar, Vinay; Fausto, Nelson; Nelso Fausto; Robbins, Stanley L.; Abbas, Abul K. (2005). Robbins and Cotran pathologic basis of disease. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier Saunders. p. 715. ISBN 0-7216-0187-1.
^ Parambil JG, Myers JL, Aubry MC, Ryu JH (July 2007). "Causes and prognosis of diffuse alveolar damage diagnosed on surgical lung biopsy". Chest. 132 (1): 50–7. doi: 10.1378/chest.07-0104. PMID 17475632.
^ Parambil JG, Myers JL, Ryu JH (August 2006). "Diffuse alveolar damage: uncommon manifestation of pulmonary involvement in patients with connective tissue diseases". Chest. 130 (2): 553–8. doi: 10.1378/chest.130.2.553. PMID 16899858.
External links [ edit ]