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|Birth name||Richard John Charles Fairweather|
|Born||25 April 1946|
Rochford, Essex, England
|Occupation(s)||Musician, broadcaster, author|
Richard John Charles "Digby" Fairweather (born 25 April 1946) is a British jazz cornetist, author and broadcaster.
He led his first band, Dig's Half Dozen, in 1971 and recorded in 1973 with Alex Welsh. Four years later he was a member of the band Velvet with Ike Isaacs, Len Skeat, and Denny Wright, then a member of the Midnite Follies Orchestra and the Pizza Express All-Stars. In the early 1980s, he started a band that performed music by Nat Gonella. He worked as a sideman for George Chisholm, Alex Welsh, Tiny Winters, and Brian Priestley. In the 1980s and '90s he led the Jazz Superkings, the Great British Jazz Band, and the Half Dozen. During the 1990s he was a teacher, a broadcaster on BBC Radio and Jazz FM, and part of the Salute to Satchmo. Fairweather and Stan Barker started the Jazz College charity to introduce improvisation in schools. He established the Association of British Jazz Musicians and the National Jazz Foundation Archive. He wrote Jazz: The Essential Companion (1987) with Brian Priestly and Ian Carr. In 2000 it was renamed The Rough Guide to Jazz.
Fairweather's musical style has been influenced by Louis Armstrong, Ruby Braff, Billy Butterfield, Bobby Hackett, Red Nichols, and Gonella. Digby's Half Dozen toured and recorded with singer George Melly in the later years of his career (2003–2007). Fairweather's band toured with singer Paul Jones in their presentation Rocking in Rhythm in 2007.
Apart from his playing and group leading, Fairweather has long pursued a parallel career as a jazz broadcaster and writer. From 1985 to 1988, he worked and recorded with Brian Priestley's Special Septet and Tony Milliner's Mingus Music, and wrote the book How to Play Trumpet. By 1990 he had embarked on a dual vocation as broadcaster for BFBS, BBC World Service, Jazz FM (1991–92) and BBC Radios 2/3 (1992–98), including occasionally deputising for Humphrey Lyttelton on his show Best of Jazz and successively presenting Jazz Parade and Jazz Notes. 
In 2016, Fairweather founded The Jazz Centre (UK), a registered charity (no. 1167421) whose aim is to promote, preserve and celebrate the culture of jazz in all its forms.
Awards and honors
- Musician of the Year, BBC Jazz Society, 1979
- Freedom, City of London, 1992
- British Jazz Award (trumpet), 1992
- Benno Haussmann Award, Cork Jazz Festival, 1993
- Freedom of Southend on Sea, Millennium Role of Honour, 2000
- Top Small Group (Digby's Half Dozen), British Jazz Awards, 2005, 2006, 2008–2015
- Lifetime Achievement Award for Services to Jazz, Worshipful Company of Musicians London, 2013
- Services to British Jazz, British Jazz Awards, 2015
- Havin' Fun (Black Lion, 1979)
- Going Out Stepping (Black Lion, 1979)
- Songs for Sandy (Hep, 1981)
- Anytime, Any Place, Anywhere (Hep, 1982)
- A Portrait of Digby Fairweather (Black Lion, 1991)
- Mick Potts Tribute Concert (Flat Five, 1993)
- Squeezin' the Blues Away with Tony Compton (FMR, 1994)
- The Quality of Mercer (with Susannah McCorkle, Keith Ingham (Jazz Alliance, 1996)
- Twelve Feet Off the Ground (Flat Five, 1998)
- Singing and Swinging the Blues with George Melly (Robinwood Productions, 2003)
- Things Ain't What They Used to Be (Robinwood, 2003)
- The Ultimate Melly (Candid, 2006)
- Two Part Conversations with Craig Milverton (Raymersound, 2006)
- Partners in Time with Pete Strange (Rose Cottage, 2006)
- Farewell Blues with George Melly (Lake, 2007)
- Jazz at the Stone Hall with Dave Claridge (Rose Cottage, 2009)
- Crackerbarrel Music (Hainault, 2011)
- To Frederick with Affection (Rose Cottage, 2012)
- Fairweather, Digby (2002). Notes from a Jazz Life. London: Northway Books. ISBN 978 0953704019.
- Fairweather, Digby (2005). Nat Gonella: A Life in Jazz. London: Northway Books. ISBN 978 0953704071.
- Priestley, Brian; Ian Carr; Digby Fairweather (2007). The Rough Guide to Jazz. Rough Guides. ISBN 1843532565.
- On the Road with George Melly: the Final Bows of a Legend JR Books, 2007
- Henley, Clarrie (2002). Kernfeld, Barry (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. 1 (2nd ed.). New York: Grove's Dictionaries. p. 735. ISBN 1-56159-284-6.
- "Singer Melly has early dementia". BBC. 4 July 2010.
- "Press Releases". National Jazz Archive. Archived from the original on 25 July 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
- Lindsay, Bruce. "British Jazz Awards 2015". Jazz Journal. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.