Dighton, Massachusetts

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Dighton, Massachusetts
Town
View of North Dighton Village in 1881
View of North Dighton Village in 1881
Flag of Dighton, Massachusetts
Flag
Official seal of Dighton, Massachusetts
Seal
Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts
Location in Bristol County in Massachusetts
Coordinates: 41°48′50″N 71°07′15″W / 41.81389°N 71.12083°W / 41.81389; -71.12083Coordinates: 41°48′50″N 71°07′15″W / 41.81389°N 71.12083°W / 41.81389; -71.12083
Country United States
State Massachusetts
County Bristol
Deeded 1672[1]
Incorporated 1712[1]
Government
 • Type Open town meeting
Area
 • Total 22.6 sq mi (58.5 km2)
 • Land 22.0 sq mi (57.0 km2)
 • Water 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation 19 ft (6 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,086
 • Density 310/sq mi (120/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP code 02715 / 02764 (North Dighton)
Area code(s) 508 / 774
FIPS code 25-16950
GNIS feature ID 0618280
Website www.dighton-ma.gov

Dighton is a town in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States. The population was 7,086 at the 2010 census.[2] The town is located on the western shore of the Taunton River in the southeastern part of the state.

History[edit]

Crossroads[edit]

Site of Dighton Ferry Landing

Dighton's location has long made it a crossroads for travel The "Old Bristol Path" took early settlers from the Pilgrim settlement in Plymouth, Massachusetts to Bristol, Rhode Island, the home of Massasoit.[3]:1 A ferry took travelers across the Taunton River.[3]:34 Later, a stage coach ran through Dighton, connecting Tauton and Bristol.[3]:2 Dighton was also along the route between Fall River and Taunton.[3]:16

Origin[edit]

Dighton was originally part of Taunton's South Purchase and other surrounding towns. It was separated in 1672,[1] officially incorporated in 1712.[4] It was named for Frances Dighton Williams, wife of Richard Williams, a town elder.[5] At the time of incorporation, the town included land on both sides of the Taunton River, including the land of Assonet Neck, which includes Dighton Rock, a rock found in the shallows of the river which includes cryptic carvings whose origins are debated to this day. However, in 1799, that land on the east bank of the river was annexed by Berkley, thus giving that town the claim of being the home of the rock.

Molasses Affair[edit]

In 1765, shortly after the renewal of the Molasses Act, Dighton's wharves were the site of the "Molasses Affair," a protest of British taxes on molasses similar to the more famous Boston Tea Party.[6] A local ship reported a cargo of 63 casks of molasses to the British custom officials, but the ship actually contained double that number.[6] The customs official ordered the ship's cargo impounded while he departed for Newport for assistance.[6] While he was gone, forty local men with blackened faces stole the cargo, ran the ship aground, and drilled holes in the hull to protest British tax policies.[6]

Revolution[edit]

During the time of the American Revolutionary War, Dighton gave refuge to several refugees from Newport, Rhode Island who had fled the British occupation there. These included Ezra Stiles and William Ellery.[3]:104 Stiles kept a diary of his time in Dighton.[3]:104 In January 1778 the town council voted in favor of the Articles of Confederation.[3]:116

Industries[edit]

As it was located at the beginning of the tidewater of the river, Dighton was a shipbuilding community, and even had status as a port of call. North of Dighton the Taunton River becomes too shallow for ships to navigate,[3]:152[6] and this, along with its centralized location, allowed Dighton to became a shipping hub for southeastern Massachusetts. In 1789 Dighton was made a port of entry for the surrounding towns.[3]:151 Ships would unload in Dighton and goods were either transferred to smaller boats or towed by oxen along a tow path on the east side of the river to Taunton.[3]:151

Herring were plentiful in the Taunton River, and at one point Dighton's herring fishery provided more income to the town than any other industry.[3]:144 Fish were preserved in salt and exported as far away as the West Indies.[3]:144

Thomas Coram

Shipbuilding started in Dighton as early as 1698. Thomas Coram built Dighton's first shipyard on the west side of the Taunton River.[3]:148 Shipbuilding grew into a significant industry after 1800, peaking around 1850.[3]:149-150 During 1840-1845 twenty-two schooners, two sloops, four brigs, and three barks were built in Dighton.[3]:149-150

There were also cotton mills, paper mills, manufacturers and farming concerns in the town. From before the Civil War to at least 1912, the town was regionally known for its strawberry farms.[3]:233 With time, however, many of these industries left, leaving the town as a rural suburban community with some small farms.

Tricentennial[edit]

In 2012, Dighton celebrated its Tricentennial with town selectmen donning historic costumes and crossing the Taunton River to Ferry Landing. Afterwards they held a ceremony at Founders Hall.[7]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.6 square miles (58.5 km2), of which 22.0 square miles (57.0 km2) is land and 0.58 square miles (1.5 km2), or 2.56%, is water.[2]

Dighton is bordered by Rehoboth to the west, Swansea to the southwest, Somerset to the south, the Taunton River and the town of Berkley to the east, and the city of Taunton to the north. In addition to being bordered by the Taunton River, it also is bordered by the Three Mile River, a tributary which empties into the Taunton along the northeast border of town. The town is also crossed by the Segreganset River, another tributary of the Taunton which flows through the center of town, as well as several smaller brooks. The highest point in the town is in its northwest corner, where the elevation rises above 236 feet (72 m) above sea level.[8]

New two-lane bridge, opened August 2015

Dighton is the site of the Berkley–Dighton Bridge, originally a one-lane bridge built in the 1890s as a link between Center Street in Dighton and Elm Street in Berkley. It is the only span crossing the Taunton River between the Brightman Street Bridge between Somerset and Fall River, and the Plain Street Bridge in Taunton, a drive of 12 12 miles (20 km) (and 4 mi or 6 km south of the Plain Street Bridge). In 2010, the old bridge was demolished and a temporary bridge handled traffic as a new bridge was built. In August 2015 a new two-lane bridge opened to traffic.

Dighton's localities are Chestnut Tree Corner, Dighton, Dighton Rock State Park, North Dighton, Segreganset, South Dighton and Wheeler's Corner.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18501,641—    
18601,733+5.6%
18701,817+4.8%
18801,791−1.4%
18901,880+5.0%
19001,802−4.1%
19102,235+24.0%
19202,574+15.2%
19303,147+22.3%
19402,983−5.2%
19502,950−1.1%
19603,769+27.8%
19704,667+23.8%
19805,352+14.7%
19905,631+5.2%
20006,175+9.7%
20107,086+14.8%

Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data.[9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18]

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 6,175 people, 2,201 households, and 1,718 families residing in the town. The population density was 275.9 people per square mile (106.5/km²). There were 2,280 housing units at an average density of 101.9 per square mile (39.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.80% White, 0.53% African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.49% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.07% of the population.

There were 2,201 households out of which 37.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.5% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.9% were non-families. 18.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.17.

In the town, the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 6.3% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 24.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.4 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $58,600, and the median income for a family was $64,792. Males had a median income of $41,427 versus $28,250 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,600. About 1.0% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 1.2% of those age 65 or over.

Arts and culture[edit]

Annual cultural events[edit]

Dighton is home of the Cow Chip Festival. The Dighton Lions Club hosts the event. Every June a traveling carnival comes and sets up behind the Town Hall. Fireworks have been a recent addition to the festival. There are rides and a carnival mid-way along with food, musical performances, a lawn tractor pull, woodsman competition pony rides and the chicken BBQ. The name was given to it because they set up squares on the field behind the town hall. They place cows out on the enclosed squares. People then place bets on the square that they believe will be defecated on first by one of the cows.[20]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Sweets Knoll State Park

Sweets Knoll State Park is a fifty-six acre park located in Dighton.[21] It was purchased in June 2009, and includes two miles of old railroad bed which may be adapted into a walking and biking path, picnic areas, a small boat launch, and fishing.[21]

Tricentennial Park, a small waterfront park along the Taunton River, was created as an Eagle Scout project by a young resident in honor of the town's tricentennial in 2012.

Government[edit]

Dighton is governed by an open town meeting led by a board of selectmen. The town has a central police station along Route 138 by the banks of the Segreganset River, separate post offices and fire departments near the center of town and North Dighton, and the Dighton Public Library at the center of town. Dighton has a conservation area and a small park next to the town hall near the intersection of Center Street and Route 138.

Dighton Town Hall

Dighton is located in the Fifth Bristol state representative district, which includes Somerset and parts of Swansea and Taunton. The town is represented in the state senate in the First Plymouth and Bristol district, which includes the towns of Berkley, Bridgewater, Carver, Marion, Middleborough, Raynham, Taunton and Wareham. Dighton is patrolled by the Middleboro Barracks (D4) of the Massachusetts State Police. On the national level, the town is part of Massachusetts Congressional District 4, which is represented by Joe Kennedy. The state's junior (Class I) Senator is Ed Markey and the state's senior (Class II) Senator is Elizabeth Warren.

Education[edit]

Bristol County Agricultural High School

Dighton and its neighboring town Rehoboth comprise one school district, the Dighton-Rehoboth School District. It was founded in 1987 to oversee the schools of both towns. The high school, Dighton-Rehoboth Regional High School, was founded in 1958 to serve both towns. The school itself is located in North Dighton, mere yards away from the Rehoboth town line. Its athletics teams are known as the Falcons, and its colors are green and gold. The Dighton Middle and Elementary Schools are located near the corner of Center Street and Somerset Avenue (Route 138) at the center of town.[22][23]

The town is also the home of Bristol County Agricultural High School. The school operates a large farm along the banks of the Taunton River at its Center Street location.[24] The town does not have any affiliation with a regional vocational school system, the closest one being Bristol-Plymouth Regional Technical School, located in Taunton, Massachusetts.[25]

Library[edit]

Dighton Public Library

Dighton is served by the Dighton Public Library. As of December 2009, the Library Director was Jocelyn Tavares.[26]

Historic places[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Dighton Massachusetts Town Website". Dighton Massachusetts Town Website. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Dighton town, Bristol County, Massachusetts". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved February 5, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Lane, Helen (1962). History of the town of Dighton, Massachusetts: The South Purchase. Dighton, Massachusetts: Town of Dighton. Retrieved 15 April 2018. 
  4. ^ "Dighton Massachusetts". City-Data.com. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 106. 
  6. ^ a b c d e "NRHP nomination form and MACRIS inventory record for Dighton Wharves Historic District". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2015-07-31. 
  7. ^ Nichols, Christopher (11 May 2012). "Dighton Tricentennial marks town's Founder's Day Saturday". Taunton Daily Gazette. Retrieved 16 April 2018. 
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Taunton, MA 7.5 by 15-minute quadrangle, 1987.
  9. ^ "Total Population (P1), 2010 Census Summary File 1". American FactFinder, All County Subdivisions within Massachusetts. United States Census Bureau. 2010. 
  10. ^ "Massachusetts by Place and County Subdivision - GCT-T1. Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  11. ^ "1990 Census of Population, General Population Characteristics: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76: General Characteristics of Persons, Households, and Families: 1990. 1990 CP-1-23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  12. ^ "1980 Census of the Population, Number of Inhabitants: Massachusetts" (PDF). US Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4. Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  13. ^ "1950 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to 1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  14. ^ "1920 Census of Population" (PDF). Bureau of the Census. Number of Inhabitants, by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions. Pages 21-5 through 21-7. Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  15. ^ "1890 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. Pages 179 through 182. Massachusetts Table 5. Population of States and Territories by Minor Civil Divisions: 1880 and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  16. ^ "1870 Census of the Population" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1872. Pages 217 through 220. Table IX. Population of Minor Civil Divisions, &c. Massachusetts. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  17. ^ "1860 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1864. Pages 220 through 226. State of Massachusetts Table No. 3. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  18. ^ "1850 Census" (PDF). Department of the Interior, Census Office. 1854. Pages 338 through 393. Populations of Cities, Towns, &c. Retrieved July 12, 2011. 
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  20. ^ Cow Chip festival classic for Dighton - Taunton, MA - The Taunton Gazette
  21. ^ a b Miller, Kendra Leigh (July 18, 2010). "'Idyllic' spot in Dighton is now a state park". The Herald News. GateHouse Media, Inc. Retrieved 1 December 2012. 
  22. ^ "Dighton-Rehoboth Regional School District". Dighton-Rehoboth Regional School District. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  23. ^ "Dighton-Rehoboth Regional School District". Massachusetts School Building Authority. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  24. ^ "Dighton-Rehoboth Regional School District". Bristol County Agricultural High School. Archived from the original on May 15, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  25. ^ "Bristol-Plymouth Regional Technical School". Bristol-Plymouth Regional Technical School. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved November 10, 2012. 
  26. ^ Library staff Archived February 3, 2010, at the Wayback Machine., retrieved 2009-12-19
  27. ^ "SHAW, Samuel, (1768 - 1827)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved November 14, 2012. 

External links[edit]