Backbone Entertainment

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Backbone Entertainment
IndustryVideo game industry
Digital Eclipse Software, Inc.
FoundedFebruary 19, 2003; 15 years ago (2003-02-19)
Headquarters, Edit this on Wikidata

Backbone Entertainment is an American video game developer based in Rancho Santa Margarita, California. Created on February 19, 2003, it is the result of the merger of ImaginEngine and Digital Eclipse Software, Inc. effective on January 1, 2004.


Digital Eclipse logo, featuring the solar eclipse

Backbone Entertainment is the result of a 2003 merger between Digital Eclipse Software and ImaginEngine. Digital Eclipse specialized in arcade game emulation and handheld video games, and formerly had studios in Emeryville, California and Vancouver, British Columbia. ImaginEngine specializes in children's software, formerly having studios in San Francisco, California and Boston, Massachusetts. The San Francisco and Emeryville teams were combined at the Emeryville location upon execution of the merger.

One of their first franchise projects as Backbone Entertainment was Death Jr., for the PSP. They have also produced a sequel, Death, Jr. II: Root of Evil, and a Nintendo DS version of the franchise entitled Death Jr. and the Science Fair of Doom. When Death Jr. was first announced, the CEO of Backbone spoke on making DJ a full-featured franchise, with comic books, a TV show, action figures, and more. According to GameRankings, the average review score for the three games in the franchise is a 59%, with Death Jr. and the Science Fair of Doom scoring the lowest overall.

Foundation 9 Entertainment era[edit]

In 2005 the company merged with another video game developer, The collective in Newport Beach, CA to form a new conglomerate, Foundation 9 Entertainment.

The Foundation 9 Entertainment conglomerate initially used the Backbone Entertainment brand for its original titles, the Digital Eclipse brand for its arcade emulation titles, and ImaginEngine for many children's titles. Currently, the name ImaginEngine is used for products from the Boston-based studio of Foundation 9 Entertainment,[1] while Backbone Entertainment is used for their Emeryville, California-based studio.

An additional studio was formed in 2006 in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, but was spun out in 2007 to become Other Ocean Interactive.[2] The Vancouver, British Columbia-based studio of Backbone Entertainment was scaled back in September 2008 and ultimately closed in May 2009, ending the company's presence in Canada.[3] Among that studio's later projects were Sonic Rivals and Sonic Rivals 2.

They developed Bomberman Live and Shrek N' Roll for the Xbox 360, Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo HD Remix for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3, Sega Genesis Collection for the PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable and its follow-up compilation, Sonic's Ultimate Genesis Collection for Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3. They also created the Halo 3 interactive bonus disc included with Collector's and Legendary versions of the game.

Another studio was added, KnowWonder, formerly owned by Amaze Entertainment, best known for The Sims 2 DS and The Sims: Bustin' Out.

Games developed[edit]

Year Title Platform(s)
1994 Joust Macintosh
1994 Robotron: 2084 Macintosh
1994 Defender Macintosh
1995 Williams Arcade Classics PlayStation, Sega Genesis, Sega Saturn, SNES, DOS, Windows,, Dreamcast
1995 Activision's Commodore 64 15 Pack Windows
1996 Ms. Pac-Man SNES
1996 Arcade's Greatest Hits: The Atari Collection 1 PlayStation, Sega Genesis, SNES
1997 Arcade's Greatest Hits: The Midway Collection 2 PlayStation, Windows
1998 NFL Blitz Game Boy Color
1998 Arcade's Greatest Hits: The Atari Collection 2 PlayStation
1998 Rampage World Tour Game Boy Color
1999 Knockout Kings Game Boy Color
1999 Disney's Tarzan Game Boy Color
1999 Atari Arcade Hits: Volume 1 Windows
1999 Arcade's Greatest Hits: The Atari Collection 2 Windows
1999 Arcade Classic No. 4: Defender / Joust Game Boy Color
1999 Klax Game Boy Color
1999 ARCADE HITS Moon Patrol / Spy Hunter Game Boy Color
1999 Rampart Game Boy Color
1999 Rampage 2: Universal Tour Game Boy Color
1999 Arcade Party Pak PlayStation
1999 Centipede Dreamcast
1999 Mortal Kombat 4 Game Boy Color
1999 Marble Madness Game Boy Color
1999 Ghosts 'n Goblins Game Boy Color
2000 Dragon's Lair Game Boy Color
2000 Little Nicky Game Boy Color
2000 Alice in Wonderland Game Boy Color
2001 Batman: Chaos in Gotham Game Boy Color
2001 X-Men: Wolverine's Rage Game Boy Color
2001 Rayman Advance Game Boy Advance
2001 Spyro: Season of Ice Game Boy Advance
2002 Spider-Man: The Movie Game Boy Advance
2002 Disney's Lilo & Stitch Game Boy Advance
2002 Spyro 2: Season of Flame Game Boy Advance
2002 Disney's Kim Possible: Revenge of Monkey Fist Game Boy Advance
2002 Phantasy Star Collection Game Boy Advance
2003 Lizzie McGuire: On the Go! Game Boy Advance
2003 Spyro: Attack of the Rhynocs Game Boy Advance
2004 Spider-Man 2 Game Boy Advance
2004 Grand Theft Auto Game Boy Advance
2004 The Incredibles: Escape from Nomanisan Island PC
2005 Rifts: Promise of Power N-Gage
2005 Death Jr. PSP
2005 Namco Museum 50th Anniversary PlayStation 2, Xbox, Nintendo Gamecube, PC, Game Boy Advance
2006 Age of Empires: The Age of Kings Nintendo DS
2006 Charlotte's Web Nintendo DS, Game Boy Advance
2006 Death Jr. II: Root of Evil PSP
2006 NBA Ballers: Rebound PSP
2006 Sonic Rivals PSP
2006 MechAssault: Phantom War Nintendo DS
2007 Bomberman Live XBLA
2007 Death Jr. and the Science Fair of Doom Nintendo DS
2007 Sonic the Hedgehog iPod
2007 Brooktown High PSP
2007 Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo HD Remix PSN, XBLA
2007 Sonic Rivals 2 PSP
2007 Shrek n' Roll XBLA
2008 Monster Lab Wii
2008 Death Jr. II: Root of Evil Wii
2008 Wolf of the Battlefield: Commando 3 PSN, XBLA
2008 1942: Joint Strike PSN, XBLA
2008 Super Street Fighter II Turbo HD Remix PSN, XBLA
2009 Sonic's Ultimate Genesis Collection/Sega Mega Drive Ultimate Collection Xbox 360, PS3
2009 G.I. Joe: The Rise of Cobra Nintendo DS
2009 Rock Band Unplugged PSP
2009 Lego Rock Band Nintendo DS
2009 Marvel vs. Capcom 2 PSN, XBLA
2010 Rock Band 3 Wii, Nintendo DS
2011 Ugly Americans: Apocalypsegeddon PSN, XBLA
2011 Zombie Apocalypse: Never Die Alone PSN, XBLA
2012 Dance Central 3 Xbox 360
2012 Midway Arcade Origins Xbox 360, PlayStation 3
2018 Street Fighter 30th Anniversary Collection Xbox One, PlayStation 4, Nintendo Switch, PC
2018 SNK 40th Anniversary Collection Nintendo Switch
2018 MediEvil Remake PlayStation


Eclipse Engine[edit]

Part of Digital Eclipse's work include their own Eclipse Engine, a tool that allows them to decompile the code from older games into machine-readable format that is then used by the Eclipse Engine to play them on modern systems. While it may take some extra work by the company to decompile the older game into the proper format one time, this approach allows them to rapidly port the Eclipse version to any modern gaming system, including computer, console, or portable/mobile device with a minimum of effort. This engine has been used so far in the Mega Man Legacy Collection and The Disney Afternoon Collection.[4][5]


  1. ^ ImaginEngine web site Archived 2008-01-18 at the Wayback Machine.
  2. ^ Foundation 9 says goodbye to Charlottetown
  3. ^ Vancouver's video game family tree.
  4. ^ Orland, Kyle (August 27, 2015). "The new tech making game preservation more authentic and future-proof". Ars Technica. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
  5. ^ Watts, Steve (March 23, 2017). "Disney Afternoon Collection Producer Talks Challenges and Nostalgia". Shacknews. Retrieved March 23, 2017.

External links[edit]