Digital signal controller
|This article does not cite any references (sources). (March 2013)|
A digital signal controller (DSC) is a hybrid of microcontrollers and digital signal processors (DSPs). Like microcontrollers, DSCs have fast interrupt responses, offer control-oriented peripherals like PWMs and watchdog timers, and are usually programmed using the C programming language, although they can be programmed using the device's native assembly language. On the DSP side, they incorporate features found on most DSPs such as single-cycle multiply–accumulate (MAC) units, barrel shifters, and large accumulators. Not all vendors have adopted the term DSC. The term was first introduced by Microchip Technology in 2002 with the launch of their 6000 series DSCs and subsequently adopted by most, but not all DSC vendors. For example, Infineon and Renesas refer to their DSCs as microcontrollers.)
DSCs are used in a wide range of applications, but the majority go into motor control, power conversion, and sensor processing applications. Currently DSCs are being marketed as green technologies for their potential to reduce power consumption in electric motors and power supplies.
In order of market share, the top three DSC vendors are Texas Instruments, Freescale, and Microchip Technology, according to market research firm Forward Concepts (2007). These three companies dominate the DSC market, with other vendors such as Infineon and Renesas taking a smaller slice of the pie.
NOTE: Data is from 2012 (Microchip and TI) and table currently only includes offering from the top 3 DSC vendors.
|Vendor||Device||Clock Speed (MHz)||Flash (kB)||PWM channels, resolution, duty cycle|
|Microchip||dsPIC30F||30||6–144||4–8 (16 bits, 1 or 16.5 ns depending on part)|
|dsPIC33F||40||12–256||up 18 PWM (16 bits, 12.5 ns)|
|dsPIC33E||70||64-512||up 16 PWM (16 bits, 8.32 ns)|
|Texas Instruments||TMS320F28x||60–150||32–512||16 PWM (13 bits, 150 ps)|
|TMS320LF240x||40||16–64||7–16 PWM (11 bits, 150 ps)|
|Freescale||MC56F83x||60||48–280||12 PWM (15 bits, 10 ns)|
|MC56F80x||32||12–64||5–6 PWM (15 bits, 10 ns)|
|MC56F81x||40||40–572||12 PWM (15 bits, 10 ns)|
DSCs, like microcontrollers and DSPs, require software support. There are a growing number of software packages that offer the features required by both DSP applications and microcontroller applications. With a broader set of requirements, software solutions are more rare. They require: development tools, DSP libraries, optimization for DSP processing, fast interrupt handling, multi-threading and a tiny footprint.