Digital terrestrial television in Denmark

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Digital terrestrial television in Denmark was technically launched in March 2006 after some years of public trials. The official launch was at midnight on November 1, 2009, where the analogue broadcasts shut down nationwide.[1][2]

As of September 2013, six national multiplexes are available. MUX 1 & 2 are owned by DIGI-TV I/S (joint-venture between DR and TV 2) but are operated by Teracom A/S. They broadcast free-to-air channels only. MUX 3 - 6 are owned and operated by Boxer broadcasting encrypted pay-TV only.[3]

On July 1, 2011 the Danish Ministry of Culture announced that MUX8 were to be used for digital TV.[4] A gatekeeper as well as a launch date for MUX8 has yet to be announced.[5]

History[edit]

Pre-launch[edit]

In 1999, a trial was launched in Copenhagen and Zealand. Another trial was launched in 2002 on northern Jutland, broadcasting the three public service channels and an experimental regional channel called "TV 2/Nord-Digital".

In June 2005, a broad majority consisting of Venstre, the Conservative People's Party, the Social Democrats, the Radical Liberal Party, the Socialist People's Party and Danish People's Party agreed that the analogue broadcasts would cease in October 2009.

National launch[edit]

The technical launch was made on March 31, 2006 after some months of national trials with one multiplex covering the entire country. It offered the national analogue channels DR1 and TV 2, as well as DR2, a stream for signed simulcasts of news programmes on the three other channels and the MHP services DR extra and TV 2 Extra. February 19, 2008, DR Update started broadcasting on the simulcast channel when this channel was not used for simulcasting (between 17 and 20 o'clock). The multiplex was operated by DIGI-TV I/S, a joint-venture between DR and TV 2.

On June 11, 2007 the Danish Ministry of Culture announced that the six parties had agreed on how the extension of the network of a total of 8 multiplexes would continue. Four multiplexes (MUX 3-6) would be given to a commercial gatekeeper which would be required to have a varied offering and would be chosen through a "beauty contest". DIGI-TV, would be given another multiplex, MUX 2, in addition to its MUX 1. MUX 2 would be carrying the children and culture channel from DR, a parliament channel, more airtime for the TV 2 regions and community television.[6] MUX7 was on June 29, 2009 allocated to use for mobile broadband, set to launch in 2013.[7][8] The fate of MUX8 was not decided.

On March 27, 2008 Boxer got the gatekeeper rights for MUX 3, 4 and 5.[9] Boxer went on-air on 2 February 2009 with its three commercial multiplexes.[10] The commercial gatekeeper would be required to carry at least one channel from neighbouring countries and a local channel. A maximum of 25 percent of the capacity could be used for "high-pay" channels (such as Canal+).[11]

The official launch was made on 1 November 2009, which also marked the launch of the new public channels DR Ramasjang, DR K, DR HD (replaced by DR3 in January 2013) and a 24‑hour version of DR Update (replaced by DR Ultra in March 2013).[12] Also on this day, Copenhagen-based company Open Channel Aps launched a trial multiplex, "MUXCPH", with local channals such as Kanal København.[13]

Post-launch[edit]

Expansion[edit]

Boxer got its fourth multiplex: MUX6 on November 1, 2010. The conditions at the time were that 15% of the capacity should be given to DR. 35% to other companies, where Boxer were free to use the remaining 50% themselves for DVB-H-services.[14] However, these conditions were dropped on August 10, 2012.[15] It was announced MUX6 would use DVB-T2 for HDTV, set to launch in October 2013.[16] On September 26, 2013 Boxer launched its fourth multiplex - MUX6 - which uses DVB-T2 with MPEG-4.[17]

On November 1, 2012 Open Channel's trial of MUXCPH was replaced with the trial of a new DVB-T2 trial multiplex, MUXCPH-2. Now broadcasting both local channel Kanal København as well as international channel France 24, from the TDC radio tower at Borups Alle in the center of Copenhagen, the signal can be received by more than 700,000 households.[18][19] In April 2013, Open Channel got permission to reuse the first MUXCPH for a new DVB-T2 mux with HEVC coding and HbbTV capabilities.[20]

High-definition[edit]

On January 11, 2012 the free-to-air MUX1 switched from MPEG-2 to the newer MPEG-4 codec standard.[21] This made it possible to broadcast DR1 and the TV 2 regional channels in 720p HD.[22] Later in the year, on April 1 the commercial MUX5 converted broadcasting from DVB-T to DVB-T2 to use for HDTV.[23] A further focus was placed on HD when Boxer on April 5, 2016 stopped simulcasting HD and SD versions of the same channels, focusing on HD versions only. In late 2016 and early 2017 DIGI-TV made changes to their two multiplexes making it possible to launch both DR2 and DR K in 720p HD.[24][25]

2020 changes[edit]

In May 2017, the Ministry of Culture proposed two scenarios on what the terrestrial television infrastructure in Denmark could look like after 3 April 2020 when Boxer's gatekeeper rights expire, and the 700 Mhz band switches from TV to mobile broadband.[26] In scenario A, all 5 UHF multiplexes and the single VHF multiplex would be given to the gatekeeper, with the condition of broadcasting free-to-air channels from DR and TV 2. In scenario B, a single UHF multiplex would be given to Digi-TV (the joint-venture between DR and TV 2) to be used for free-to-air broadcasting. The remaining 4 UHF multiplexes as well as the single VHF multiplex would be given to the gatekeeper. In both scenarios it is expected that every multiplex will use DVB-T2 and HEVC. It is expected that the Ministry will choose between the two scenarios, as well as finding a new gatekeeper within a year.[27]

Current channels[edit]

As of April 3, 2017.[28][29]

EPG No. Channel MUX
1. DR1 HD 1
2. TV 2 HD 3
3. DR2 HD 1
4. DR3 HD 2
5. DR K HD 2
6. DR Ramasjang 2
7. DR Ultra 2
8. TV 3 HD 3
9. TV3+ HD 5
10. TV3 Puls 4
11. TV 2 News 4
12. Kanal 4 4
13. Kanal 5 HD 3
14. 6'eren HD 5
15. TV 2 Charlie HD 4
16. TV 2 Sport HD 4
17. TV 2 Zulu HD 4
18. TV 2 Fri HD 6
19. Discovery Channel HD 6
20. Comedy Central 5
21. Folketing Channel HD 2
22. TV 2 Regional HD 1
23. TV3 Sport 1 HD 3
24. TV3 Sport 2 HD 6
25. CANAL9 HD 6
26. Eurosport 1 HD 6
27. Eurosport 2 HD 6
28. ID Discovery HD 5
29. Animal Planet HD 6
30. TLC 5
31. History Channel 5
32. dk4 4
33. ZDF 5
34. Disney Channel 5
35. Nickelodeon 5
36. Disney XD 5
37. MTV 5
38. VH1 5
39. SVT1 4
40. NRK1 5
98. Local TV 1
99. DR1 HD (audio description) 1
100. DR2 (audio description) 1
101. DR3 HD (audio description) 2

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Video - Analogt sluk i Danmark okt. 2009". recordere.dk. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "THE DANISH DVB-T NETWORK". Digi-tv. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Sendenettets opbygning". DIGI-TV. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "BESLUTNING OM ANVENDELSEN AF MUX 8". KULTURMINISTERIET. 1 July 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  5. ^ Ladingkær, Lars (1 July 2011). "MUX8 skal bruges til TV". Recordere.dk. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  6. ^ Større tv-udbud og mere konkurrence mellem de forskellige platforme fra 2009, Kulturministeriet, June 11, 2007 
  7. ^ "Forstyrrelser af tv og 800 MHz". Erhvervsstyrelsen. Archived from the original on 7 January 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  8. ^ "Notat om konkrete anvendelsesmuligheder for MUX 8". Kulturministeriet. Retrieved 16 January 2013. [permanent dead link]
  9. ^ "Boxer udnævnt som gatekeeper". TVnyt.com. 27 March 2008. Retrieved 15 January 2013. 
  10. ^ "Boxer TV er i luften". Tvnyt.com. 3 February 2009. Retrieved 15 January 2013. 
  11. ^ Beslutningspapir tiltrådt af partierne bag medieaftale 2007-2010 d. 11 juni 2007 - Retningslinier for utbud af digitalt tv mv. (PDF), Kulturministeriet, June 11, 2007 
  12. ^ "Danmark skifter tv-signal den 1. november 2009". DR. Retrieved 15 January 2013. 
  13. ^ "MUXCPH". Open Channel ApS. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  14. ^ "Boxer får sin fjerde MUX". TVnyt.com. 1 November 2010. Retrieved 15 January 2013. 
  15. ^ Brinck, Ulrik (10 August 2012). "Boxer slipper for DVB-H". TVnyt.com. Retrieved 15 January 2013. 
  16. ^ Fredborg, Bo (2 May 2013). "Boxer lancerer flere HDTV kanaler til oktober". Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  17. ^ Fredborg, Bo. "Boxer tilføjer TV 2 Fri HD og Canal8 – test af ny Mux starter i dag". Digitalt.tv. Retrieved 26 September 2013. 
  18. ^ "MUXCPH-2 Next generation of mobile TV, based on the new standard DVB-T2 | T2 Lite". Open Channel. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  19. ^ Nielsen, Stig (31 October 2012). "France 24 skifter til DVB-T2". TVnyt.com. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  20. ^ Briel, Robert (5 April 2013). "HEVC and HbbTV trial on DTT Copenhagen". Broadband TV News. Retrieved 3 May 2013. 
  21. ^ "Kravene til modtageudstyr fra 11. januar 2012". Kulturministeriet. Retrieved 15 January 2013. [permanent dead link]
  22. ^ Larsen, Rasmus (3 February 2011). "TV2 REGIONS-KANALERNE OMDANNES TIL HD". Flatpanels.dk. Retrieved 16 January 2013. 
  23. ^ "Boxer lancerer HDTV - skifter delvist til DVB-T2". Flatpanels. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 15 January 2013. 
  24. ^ Kjærsgaard, Bo (28 February 2017). "DR2 nu i HD på tv-antennen DVB-T". Digitalt.tv. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  25. ^ Kjærsgaard, Bo (13 December 2016). "DR K nu i HD opløsning på DVB-T nettet". Digitalt.tv. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  26. ^ Kjærsgaard, Bo (26 May 2017). "To modeller i spil i ny DVB-T Gatekeeper tilladelse". Digitalt.tv. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  27. ^ Madsen, Thomas. "Regeringen vil finde ny tv-gatekeeper inden for et år". Mediawatch. Retrieved 1 June 2017. 
  28. ^ "Kanalplaceringer" (PDF). Boxer. Retrieved 3 April 2017. 
  29. ^ "Kanalspecifikationer" (PDF). DIGI-TV. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 

External links[edit]