|Jmol interactive 3D||Image|
|Molar mass||276.28 g/mol|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Both dihydromethysticin and methysticin induce the hepatic enzyme CYP1A1, which increases the amount of the very highly carcinogenic benzo[a]pyrene-7,8-dihydrodiol-9,10-epoxide in the body (via the metabolism of benzo[a]pyrene) and may be responsible for some of the toxic effects associated with kava consumption.
In vitro, dihydromethysticin possesses analgesic, anticonvulsant, and anxiolytic effects. It has been found to act as a GABAA receptor positive allosteric modulator and as an reversible inhibitor of monoamine oxidase B.
- Malani, Joji (2002-12-03). "Evaluation of the effects of Kava on the Liver" (PDF). Fiji School of Medicine. Retrieved 2009-09-04.
- Ma, Yuzhong; Karuna Sachdeva; Jirong Liu1; Michael Ford; Dongfang Yang; Ikhlas Khan; Clinton Chichester; Bingfang Yan (November 2004). "Desmethoxyyangonin and dihydromethysticin are two major pharmacological kavalactones with marked activity on the induction of CYP3A23.". Drug Metabolism and Disposition 32 (11): 1317–1324. doi:10.1124/dmd.104.000786. PMID 15282211.
- Walden J, von Wegerer J, Winter U, Berger M, Grunze H (May 1997). "Effects of kawain and dihydromethysticin on field potential changes in the hippocampus.". Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry 21 (4): 697–706. doi:10.1016/s0278-5846(97)00042-0. PMID 9194150.
- Sarris J, LaPorte E, Schweitzer I (2011). "Kava: a comprehensive review of efficacy, safety, and psychopharmacology". Aust N Z J Psychiatry 45 (1): 27–35. doi:10.3109/00048674.2010.522554. PMID 21073405.
- Singh YN, Singh NN (2002). "Therapeutic potential of kava in the treatment of anxiety disorders". CNS Drugs 16 (11): 731–43. doi:10.2165/00023210-200216110-00002. PMID 12383029.