Dihydroneopterin aldolase

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dihydroneopterin aldolase
5f3m.jpg
oktamer
Identifiers
EC number4.1.2.25
CAS number37290-59-8
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO
Dihydroneopterin aldolase
PDB 1sql EBI.jpg
crystal structure of 7,8-dihydroneopterin aldolase in complex with guanine
Identifiers
SymbolFolB
PfamPF02152
Pfam clanCL0334
InterProIPR006157
SCOPe1b9l / SUPFAM

In enzymology, a dihydroneopterin aldolase (EC 4.1.2.25) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(D-erythro-1,2,3-trihydroxypropyl)-7,8- dihydropteridine 2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropteridine + glycolaldehyde

Thus, the substrate (biochemistry) of this enzyme is 2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(D-erythro-1,2,3-trihydroxypropyl)-7,8-dihydropteridine, whereas its two products are 2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropteridine and glycolaldehyde.

This enzyme belongs to the family of lyases, specifically the aldehyde-lyases, which cleave carbon-carbon bonds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is 2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(D-erythro-1,2,3-trihydroxypropyl)-7,8-dihydropt eridine glycolaldehyde-lyase (2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-hydroxymethyl-7,8-dihydropteridine-forming). Other names in common use include 2-amino-4-hydroxy-6-(D-erythro-1,2,3-trihydroxypropyl)-7,8-, and dihydropteridine glycolaldehyde-lyase. This enzyme participates in folate biosynthesis.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 13 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1NBU, 1RRI, 1RRW, 1RRY, 1RS2, 1RS4, 1RSD, 1RSI, 1U68, 1Z9W, 2CG8, 2NM2, and 2NM3.

References[edit]

  • Mathis JB, Brown GM (1970). "The biosynthesis of folic acid. XI. Purification and properties of dihydroneopterin aldolase". J. Biol. Chem. 245 (11): 3015–25. PMID 4912541.

External links[edit]