A dike swarm or dyke swarm is a large geological structure consisting of a major group of parallel, linear, or radially oriented magmatic dikes intruded within continental crust or central volcanoes in rift zones like in Iceland.or other big volcanoes, (stratovolcanoes, calderas, shield volcanoes) resp. fissure systems in different parts of the world.
They consist of several to hundreds of dikes emplaced more or less contemporaneously during a single intrusive event, and are magmatic and stratigraphic. Such dike swarms may form a large igneous province and are the roots of volcanic province.
Dike swarms may extend over 400 km (250 mi) in width and length. The largest dike swarm known on Earth is the Mackenzie dike swarm in the western half of the Canadian Shield in Canada, which is more than 500 km (310 mi) wide and 3,000 km (1,900 mi) long.
- Cape Peninsula dyke swarm (South Africa)
- Okavango Dyke Swarm (Botswana)
- Dolerite dikes in Guéra Massif (Chad, Central Africa)
- Vestfold Hills dike swarms (East Antarctica)
- North China dike swarm (North China craton, China)
- Sayan dike swarm (Russia)
- Shirotori-Hiketa dike swarm (northeastern Shikoku, Japan)
- Gairdner dyke swarm (South Australia)
- Mundine Well dyke swarm (Western Australia)
- Wood's Point dyke swarm (Victoria, Australia)
- Egersund dike swarm (southwest Norway)
- Kattsund-Koster dyke swarm (southeast Norway, Swedish west coast)
- Kildonan dyke swarm (Isle of Arran, Scotland)
- Kirov dike swarm (Russia)
- Scourie dyke swarm (northwest Scotland)
- Orano dike swarm (Elba, Italy)
- Satakunta dike swarms, Finland
- Sayda-Bergiesshuebel dike swarm (Saxony, Germany)
- Uralian dike swarm, Russia
- Barents Sea dike swarm
- Bella Bella and Gale Passage dike swarms (central British Columbia Coast)
- Franklin dike swarm (Northern Canada)
- Grenville dike swarm (Ontario and Quebec)
- Mackenzie dike swarm (Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario)
- Marathon dike swarm (northwestern Ontario)
- Matachewan dike swarm (eastern Ontario)
- Mistassini dike swarm (western Quebec)
- Sudbury dike swarm (northeastern Ontario)
- Chief Joseph dike swarm (southeastern Washington, northeastern Oregon)
- Kennedy dike swarm (southeastern Wyoming)
- Magdalena radial dike swarm (central New Mexico)
- San Rafael Swell dike swarm (Utah)
- Spanish Peaks Dike Swarm, southern Colorado
- Warm Springs Mountain dike swarm (Nevada)
- Dyke swarms associated with the Paraná and Etendeka traps
- Ocros dyke swarm, Peru
- Uruguayan dyke swarms
- Florida dyke swarm
- Nico Perez dyke swarm
- Treinta y Tres dyke swarm
- Dyke swarms of Tandil and Azul (Buenos Aires Province, Argentina)
- Rio Ceará-Mirim dyke swarm
- Re. Iceland see eg.: A. Gudmundsson: Emplacement and arrest of sheets and dykes in central volcanoes. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 116 (2002) 279^298 Retrieved 31 August 2020.
- "Mackenzie dike swarm". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. geological feature, Canada.
- Galgana, Gerald A.; Grosfils, Eric B.; McGovern, Patrick J. (2013). "Radial dike formation on Venus: Insights from models of uplift, flexure and magmatism". Icarus. 225 (1): 538–547. Bibcode:2013Icar..225..538G. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2013.04.020.
- Ernst, R.E.; Grosfils, E.B.; Mège, D. (2001). "Giant Dike Swarms: Earth, Venus, and Mars". Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences. 29: 489–534. Bibcode:2001AREPS..29..489E. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.473.1821. doi:10.1146/annurev.earth.29.1.489.
- Nkouandou, Oumarou Faarouk; Bardintzeff, Jacques-Marie; Mahamat, Oumar; Fagny Mefire, Aminatou; Ganwa, Alembert Alexandre (22 May 2017). "The dolerite dyke swarm of Mongo, Guéra Massif (Chad, Central Africa): Geological setting, petrography and geochemistry". Open Geosciences. 9 (1): 138–150. Bibcode:2017OGeo....9...12N. doi:10.1515/geo-2017-0012. ISSN 2391-5447.
- Puchkov, Victor; Ernst, Richard E.; Hamilton, Michael A.; Söderlund, Ulf; Sergeeva, Nina (2016). "A Devonian > 2000 km-long dolerite dyke swarm-belt and associated basalts along the Urals-Novozemelian fold-belt: part of an East-European (Baltica) LIP tracing the Tuzo Superswell". GFF. 138: 6–16. doi:10.1080/11035897.2015.1118406.
- Larson, E. E.; Strangway, D. W. (1 March 1969). "Magnetization of the Spanish Peaks Dike Swarm, Colorado, and Shiprock Dike, New Mexico". Journal of Geophysical Research. 74 (6): 1505–1514. Bibcode:1969JGR....74.1505L. doi:10.1029/JB074i006p01505.
- Druecker, M.D.; Gay, S.P., Jr., Mafic dyke swarms associated with Mesozoic rifting in eastern Paraguay, South America[full citation needed]