Dikwa Emirate

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Dikwa emirate
Traditional state
Dikwa emirate is located in Nigeria
Dikwa emirate
Dikwa emirate
Coordinates: 12°1′26″N 13°54′59″E / 12.02389°N 13.91639°E / 12.02389; 13.91639
Country  Nigeria
State Borno State

The Dikwa Emirate is one of the successor states to the old Bornu Empire, a traditional state within Borno State, Nigeria. It was established in 1901 at the start of the colonial period after the Bornu empire had been partitioned between the British, French and Germans.

History[edit]

The old Bornu Empire, weakened by the Fulani jihad, collapsed in 1893 when the Shuwa Arab Rabeh Zubayr ibn Fadl Allah seized power and transferred the capital to Dikwa.[1] After the French, then expanding in West Africa, defeated and killed Rabih they installed Shehu Sanda Kura, a member of the old Bornu dynasty, as the first Shehu of Borno in Dikwa in 1900. In 1901 they replaced him by his brother Umar Abubakar Garbai, ancestor of the current Emirs of Borno. Based on a treaty between the French, Germans and British, the old Bornu was split up and Dikwa became part of the German colony of Cameroon. The British invited Umar Abubakar Garbai to become ruler of the British portion, and he moved in 1902 first to Monguno and later to Maiduguri.[2]

The Germans installed Abubakar's brother, Shehu Sanda Mandara, in his place in Dikwa. On his death in 1917 he was succeeded by Shehu Sanda Kyarimi.[2] Dikwa was transferred to the British in 1918 after the German defeat in the First World War. Shehu Masta II Kyarimi was appointed the Shehu of Dikwa in 1937 with his palace in Dikwa town, but moved the palace to Bama in 1942 on the request of the colonial administration.[3]

Until recently, the Dikwa Emirate was one of three in Borno State, the others being the Borno Emirate and the Biu Emirate.[4] In March 2010 the Borno State Governor Ali Modu Sheriff split the old Dikwa Emirate into the new Bama and Dikwa Emirates. The new Dikwa emirate was made up of three local government areas, Ngala, Dikwa and Kala Balge, with headquarters in Dikwa town. The Bama emirate retains the Bama local government area, and retains the old Dikwa Emirate palace in Bama. Alhaji Abba Tor Shehu Masta II, son of Shehu Masta II, was appointed the emir of the new Dikwa Emirate.[3] Mai Kyari Elkanemi, emir of the old Dikwa continued as the new Emir of Bama.[5]

Rulers[edit]

Rulers of the Dikwa emirate, with the title of "Shehu", were:[2][6]

Start End Ruler
1901 1902 Umar Abubakar Garbai ibn Ibrahim
1902 1917 Shehu Sanda Mandara
1917 1937 Shehu Sanda Kyarimi
1937 1968 Shehu Masta II Kyarimi (b. 1872 - d. 1968)
March 1968 September 1974 Umar IV ibn Abi Bakr Garbay (d. 1975)
September 1974 20 February 2009 Masta ibn Umar Kiyari Amin (b. 1924 - d. 2009)
4 March 2009 Shehu Kyari Ibn Umar Elkanemi (b. 1957)
March 2010 Alhaji Abba Tor Shehu Masta II (b. 1946)[3]

Local Government Areas in Dikwa Emirate[edit]

Dikwa Emirate covers four Local Government Areas:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BORNO STATE: Historical Development". Online Nigeria. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  2. ^ a b c Isa Umar Gusau and Sharafa Dauda (11 July 2010). "How Germany, Britain and France once shared, ruled Borno - Shehu of Dikwa". Archived from the original on 2010-07-27. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  3. ^ a b c Isa Umar Gusau (15 March 2010). "Sheriff Appoints Abba Tor As Emir of Dikwa". Daily Trust. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  4. ^ "BORNO STATE". Online Nigeria Daily News. 2003-01-29. Retrieved 2010-09-20. 
  5. ^ Abdulkareem Haruna (28 March 2010). "Kingmakers Crown New Shehu of Dikwa". Daily Independent. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  6. ^ "Traditional States of Nigeria". WorldStatesmen.org. Retrieved 2010-09-06. 
  7. ^ Nigeria (2000). Nigeria: a people united, a future assured. 2, State Surveys (Millennium ed.). Abuja, Nigeria: Federal Ministry of Information. p. 106. ISBN 9780104089.