They were formerly placed in the superfamily Hemerobioidea. But it seems that the Dilaridae are a rather basal member of the Mantispoidea, which includes among others the mantidflies (Mantispidae), whose peculiar apomorphies belie that their relationship to the pleasing lacewings is apparently not at all distant.
- See references in Haaramo (2008)
- Haaramo, Mikko (2008): Mikko's Phylogeny Archive: Neuroptera. Version of 2008-MAR-11. Retrieved 2008-APR-27.
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