Dileita Mohamed Dileita
|Dileita Mohamed Dileita
دليطة محمد دليطة
|African Union Special Envoy for Libya|
11 June 2014
|Prime Minister of Djibouti|
7 March 2001 – 1 April 2013
|President||Ismaïl Omar Guelleh|
|Preceded by||Barkat Gourad Hamadou|
|Succeeded by||Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed|
12 March 1958 |
|Political party||People's Rally for Progress|
Dileita Mohamed Dileita (Arabic: دليطة محمد دليطة) (born March 12, 1958) is a Djiboutian politician who was the Prime Minister of Djibouti from 7 March 2001 to 1 April 2013. He was Vice-President of the People's Rally for Progress (RPP), the governing political party, until 2012. He has also served as President of the Union for the Presidential Majority (UMP), the governing coalition. In June 2014, Dileita was appointed as the African Union's Special Envoy for Libya.
Dileita was born in 1958 in the coastal eastern city of Tadjoura, Djibouti, to an Afar family. He studied in Cairo and Reims, then went to the Centre for Vocational Education in Médéa, Algeria, from which he graduated in 1981.
Upon graduation, Dileita returned to Djibouti, where he worked under the Presidency of the Republic at the Directorate-General of Protocol. He became the second ranking diplomat at the embassy of Djibouti in France in early 1990, and subsequently he became Ambassador to Ethiopia in 1997. He also represented Djibouti at the Organization of African Unity, headquartered in Addis Ababa, while serving as Ambassador to Ethiopia, and assisted in the peace talks that ended the 1998–2000 war between Ethiopia and Eritrea.
In December 1999, Dileita was charged with negotiating a peace agreement with a faction of the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD); the negotiations led to the signing of an agreement in February 2000. He became Ambassador to Uganda in mid-2000. After long-time Prime Minister Barkat Gourad Hamadou resigned for health reasons in February 2001, President Ismail Omar Guelleh appointed Dileita as Prime Minister on March 4, 2001, and he took office on March 7. He had no prior experience as a minister.
Dileita was elected as the Vice-President of the RPP on July 3, 2003, succeeding Hamadou in that post. Dileita led the ruling coalition, the Union for the Presidential Majority (UMP), in the January 2003 parliamentary election, standing as the first candidate on the coalition's list for the District of Djibouti.
As of 2008, Dileita is the President of the UMP coalition, and he headed the UMP list for the District of Djibouti in the February 2008 parliamentary election. Following the election, in which the UMP won all seats amidst an opposition boycott, he resigned as Prime Minister on March 25, 2008. Guelleh promptly reappointed him on March 26 and named a new government under Dileita on March 27.
After Guelleh won a third term in the April 2011 presidential election, he reappointed Dileita as Prime Minister on 11 May 2011. Guelleh retained Dileita in his post even though various other long-serving ministers were dropped from the new government that was announced on 12 May. He was replaced as RPP Vice-President by Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed in September 2012, as part of an extensive shake-up of the RPP leadership.
On 31 March 2013, Dileita was succeeded by Kamil as Prime Minister.
Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, the Chairperson of the Commission of the African Union, announced on 11 June 2014 that Dileita was appointed as the African Union's Special Envoy for Libya. He was head of the African Union observer mission for the March 2016 Congolese presidential election.
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- Cherif Ouazani, Interview with Dileita, Jeune Afrique, April 18, 2004 (French).
- "Sous le signe des réformes", La Nation, May 31, 2007 (French).
- Worldstatesmen - DJibouti
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- "Décret n°2005-0067/PRE portant nomination du Premier Ministre", Journal Officiel de la République de Djibouti, May 21, 2005 (French).
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- "Re-appointed Djiboutian Premier forms new cabinet", African Press Agency, March 27, 2008 (French).
- "Décret n°2008-0083/PRE portant nomination du Premier ministre.", Official Journal of the Republic of Djibouti, March 26, 2008 (French).
- "Décret n°2008-0084/PRE portant nomination des membres du Gouvernement.", Official Journal of the Republic of Djibouti, March 27, 2008 (French).
- "Djibouti: le président réélu forme un nouveau gouvernement", Belga, 12 May 2011 (French).
- Cherif Ouazani, "Djibouti : révolution de velours", Jeune Afrique, 5 October 2012 (French).
- "M. Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed, grand commis de l’Etat et nouveau Premier ministre djiboutien". Adjib. Retrieved 1 April 2013.
- "The African Union appoints Mr. Dileita Mohamed Dileita as Special Envoy for Libya", African Union Peace and Security Department, 11 June 2014.
- Aaron Ross, "Protest, tear gas in Congo as Sassou Nguesso seeks to extend rule", Reuters, 20 March 2016.
Barkat Gourad Hamadou
|Prime Minister of Djibouti
Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed