Dillon, Montana

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Dillon, Montana
City
Business District of Dillon
Business District of Dillon
Location of Dillon, Montana
Location of Dillon, Montana
Coordinates: 45°12′57″N 112°38′3″W / 45.21583°N 112.63417°W / 45.21583; -112.63417Coordinates: 45°12′57″N 112°38′3″W / 45.21583°N 112.63417°W / 45.21583; -112.63417
Country United States
State Montana
County Beaverhead
Area[1]
 • Total 1.76 sq mi (4.56 km2)
 • Land 1.76 sq mi (4.56 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 5,240 ft (1,560 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 4,134
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 4,257
 • Density 2,300/sq mi (910/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 59725
Area code(s) 406
FIPS code 30-20800
GNIS feature ID 0770653
Website www.dillonmt.org

Dillon is a city in and the county seat of Beaverhead County, Montana, United States.[4] The population was 4,134 at the 2010 census. The city was named for Union Pacific Railroad President Sidney Dillon.[5]

History[edit]

Dillon was founded in the Beaverhead Valley as a railroad town in 1880 by Union Pacific Railroad President Sidney Dillon. The town's location was selected by the railroad because of its proximity to gold mines in the area.[6]

The first ore discovered in the Dillon area was silver. Gold was first discovered at Grasshopper Creek in 1862, precipitating a flood of immigration to the area.[7] The last real gold rush in the area occurred near Argenta in 1920 and lasted for 30 years.

Dillon served as a central location for transporting goods to nearby boomtowns such as Bannack, Argenta, Glen, and Virginia City. In 1881, Dillon became part of a contentious battle with Bannack to become the county seat of Beaverhead County. The first brick building in Dillon was built in 1882. In 1884, Dillon became an incorporated town and began building sidewalks and permanent dwellings for the residents.

While many of the gold mining towns around Dillon died, Dillon was able to stay a thriving town due to the railroad and talc mining in the area.[6] A cattle industry was established in 1865. The agriculturally rich Beaverhead Valley became an ideal location for sheep ranching that was introduced in 1869.[8] With a large sheep-ranching community in the Dillon area, Dillon was once the largest exporter of sheep wool in Montana.

The Montana Normal College was established as a teaching college in 1892, and is still functioning today, renowned for its Education program.[9] A circus elephant named Old Pitt was struck by lightning in 1943 and is buried at the Dillon fairgrounds.[10] Captain Joel Rude of the Montana National Guard crashed his F-106 into a grain elevator and died during a Labor Day Parade on September 3, 1979. A plaque in his honor is part of the Southwest Montana Veterans Memorial park in Dillon.[11]

Southeast Corner of the intersection of Bannack and Montana Streets, in 1942. The photo was taken by Russell Lee, and the site today contains a much smaller structure.

Geography[edit]

Dillon, Montana, from the Interstate 15 offramp

Dillon is located at 45°12′57″N 112°38′3″W / 45.21583°N 112.63417°W / 45.21583; -112.63417 (45.215735, -112.634055),[12] approximately 40 miles (64 km) east of the Continental Divide.[citation needed] It lies at an elevation of 5,102 feet (1,555 m).[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.76 square miles (4.56 km2), all of it land.[1] Dillon is situated on the Beaverhead River, a "blue ribbon" fly fishing river.[citation needed]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 1,012
1900 1,530 51.2%
1910 1,835 19.9%
1920 2,701 47.2%
1930 2,422 −10.3%
1940 3,014 24.4%
1950 3,268 8.4%
1960 3,690 12.9%
1970 4,548 23.3%
1980 3,976 −12.6%
1990 3,991 0.4%
2000 3,752 −6.0%
2010 4,134 10.2%
Est. 2016 4,257 [3] 3.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2015 Estimate[15]

In April 2010, Dillon was listed as one of "America's Prettiest Towns" by Forbes magazine.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census,[2] there were 4,134 people, 1,774 households, and 897 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,348.9 inhabitants per square mile (906.9/km2). There were 1,930 housing units at an average density of 1,096.6 per square mile (423.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.7% White, 0.3% African American, 1.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.6% Pacific Islander, 0.6% from other races, and 1.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.5% of the population.

There were 1,774 households of which 23.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.2% were married couples living together, 9.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.3% had a male householder with no wife present, and 49.4% were non-families. 40.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.82.

The median age in the city was 33.9 years. 20% of residents were under the age of 18; 19.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.3% were from 25 to 44; 23.7% were from 45 to 64; and 16.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.4% male and 50.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[16] there were 3,752 people, 1,669 households, and 934 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,300.7 people per square mile (888.7/km²). There were 1,831 housing units at an average density of 1,122.7 per square mile (433.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.43% White, 0.35% African American, 1.31% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.61% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.95% of the population.

There were 1,669 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.3% were married couples living together, 8.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.0% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.19 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 11.1% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $26,389, and the median income for a family was $39,643. Males had a median income of $25,625 versus $18,906 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,432. About 13.8% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

Media[edit]

KDBM AM 1490 and KBEV-FM 98.3, owned by the Dead-Air Broadcasting Company, are both licensed to serve the Dillon area.[17][18] KDWG FM 90.9 is operated by the University of Montana Western.[19] K219DN is a local translator for KUFM (FM), University of Montana Public Radio.

Television stations come from Butte and Denver:

Dillon has two primary newspapers:

  • The Dillonite Daily includes sections such as new job listings in and around the area, any and all things for sale, ISO, recent activity, and upcoming events.
  • The Dillon Tribune presents sports, obituaries, community news, classifieds, weather and a local calendar.

Education[edit]

Dillon is part of School District 10 under Superintendent Glen A. Johnson. Schools in this district include: Parkview Elementary School, under Principal Greg Fitzgerald, and the Dillon Middle School under Principal Randy Shipman.[20] Dillon is also home to Beaverhead County High School, a Class "A" High School under Principal Gary Haverfield. As of 2005, there were 412 students. The high school's mascot is the Beaver.[21]

Dillon is known for its recent athletic dominance in sports. Since 2000 the high school football team has played in 11 Class "A" state championships, winning 8. The boys' basketball team has played in 8 Class "A" state championships since 2007, winning 5. They currently have the longest active winning streak of any high school basketball team in the State of Montana.

The city is also home to the University of Montana Western, formerly Western Montana College, under provost and vice chancellor Deborah Hedeen and Chancellor Beth Weatherby. As of 2016, there were 1,501 students. The college mascot is the Bulldog.[22]

Economy[edit]

Several of Dillon's largest employers include Barretts Minerals Inc., Barrett Hospital and HealthCare, and Beaverhead County. Great Harvest Bread Company has its franchising headquarters in Dillon. Patagonia has an outlet in Dillon.

Dillon has 31 restaurants,[23] which include local businesses such as Papa T's Family Dining, Sparky's Garage, Stageline Pizza, the Lion's Den, 4 B's Restaurant, Sweetwater Coffee, La Fiesta Mexicana, and Mac's Last Cast. The Beaverhead Brewing Company is also located in Dillon.[24] Fast food chains with locations in Dillon include Dairy Queen, McDonald's, Subway, Pita Pit, Taco John's, and Pizza Hut. Chain stores in Dillon are Safeway, Van's IGA, Ace Hardware, and Murdoch's Ranch & Home Supply.

The Beaverhead County Museum[25] is located in Dillon. Public facilities in Dillon include the Dillon Public Library, Post Office, and Barrett's Park. The YMCA has a location within the city limits.[26]

Common recreational activities which draw tourism to Dillon consist of fishing on the Beaverhead River, snowmobiling, hiking, shopping at the Patagonia outlet, four-wheeling, the annual Demolition Derby, and skiing at Maverick Mountain Ski Area. Bannack State Park is also popular with tourists. Notably, Dillon is also home to the annual "Montana's Biggest Weekend" event, also known as the Jaycee Labor Day Rodeo, Concert, & Parade.[27]

Climate[edit]

Dillon experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with cold, dry winters and hot, wetter summers.

Climate data for Dillon, Montana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 60
(16)
65
(18)
74
(23)
84
(29)
91
(33)
94
(34)
102
(39)
100
(38)
94
(34)
86
(30)
79
(26)
65
(18)
102
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 34.4
(1.3)
40.4
(4.7)
48.1
(8.9)
57.3
(14.1)
66.3
(19.1)
75.2
(24)
83.5
(28.6)
82.3
(27.9)
72.2
(22.3)
60.2
(15.7)
42.9
(6.1)
34.2
(1.2)
58.08
(14.49)
Daily mean °F (°C) 24.0
(−4.4)
28.7
(−1.8)
35.6
(2)
43.3
(6.3)
51.6
(10.9)
59.3
(15.2)
65.5
(18.6)
64.2
(17.9)
55.5
(13.1)
45.7
(7.6)
32.1
(0.1)
24.1
(−4.4)
44.13
(6.76)
Average low °F (°C) 13.5
(−10.3)
16.9
(−8.4)
23.0
(−5)
29.2
(−1.6)
36.8
(2.7)
43.4
(6.3)
47.4
(8.6)
46.0
(7.8)
38.8
(3.8)
31.2
(−0.4)
21.2
(−6)
14.0
(−10)
30.12
(−1.04)
Record low °F (°C) −36
(−38)
−40
(−40)
−26
(−32)
−3
(−19)
15
(−9)
23
(−5)
30
(−1)
25
(−4)
9
(−13)
−13
(−25)
−31
(−35)
−37
(−38)
−40
(−40)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 0.37
(9.4)
0.25
(6.4)
0.66
(16.8)
1.22
(31)
2.25
(57.2)
1.87
(47.5)
1.19
(30.2)
1.18
(30)
1.07
(27.2)
0.85
(21.6)
0.39
(9.9)
0.35
(8.9)
11.65
(296.1)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 3.7 3.0 5.1 6.5 11.4 9.1 6.9 7.0 5.4 4.8 4.4 3.4 70.7
Source #1: NOAA (normals, 1971–2000) [28]
Source #2: The Weather Channel (Records) [29]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 106. 
  6. ^ a b "Dillon History". Beaverhead County Museum. Beaverhead County Museum. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  7. ^ "Archives". Mining History Association. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  8. ^ "Welcome to Dillon Montana". 
  9. ^ "Dillon (Southwest Montana)". TravelMT. TravelMT. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  10. ^ "Old Pitt, Elephant Killed by Lightning, Dillon, Montana". 
  11. ^ "CAPTAIN JOEL RUDE, Dillon, MT - Specific Veteran Memorials on Waymarking.com". 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Dillon, Montana
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  15. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved July 16, 2016. 
  16. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ "KDBM-AM 1490 kHz Radio Station Information". Radio-Locator Home Page. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  18. ^ "KBEV-FM 98.3 MHz Radio Station Information". Radio-Locator Home Page. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  19. ^ "KDWG-FM 90.9 MHz Radio Station Information". Radio-Locator Home Page. Retrieved 17 May 2017. 
  20. ^ "Dillon Middle School". Dillon Middle School. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  21. ^ "Beaverhead County High School". Beaverhead County High School. Schoolwires.Com. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  22. ^ "UMW Homepage". University of Montana Western. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  23. ^ "Best Restaurantsin Dillon, MT". TripAdvisor. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  24. ^ "Beaverhead Brewing Company Homepage". Beaverhead Brewing Company. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  25. ^ "Beaverhead County Museum". Beaverhead County Museum. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  26. ^ "SouthWestern Montana Family YMCA". SouthWestern Montana Family YMCA. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  27. ^ "Montana's Biggest Weekend". VisitMT.Com. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  28. ^ "Climatography of the United States NO.81" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  29. ^ "Monthly Averages for Dillon, MT". The Weather Channel. Retrieved January 15, 2011. 
  30. ^ "Edwin L. Norris". National Governors Association. Retrieved 14 October 2012. 
  31. ^ "THORKELSON, Jacob, (1876 - 1945)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 14, 2012. 

External links[edit]