|2nd United States National Security Advisor|
April 2, 1955 – September 1, 1956
|Preceded by||Robert Cutler|
|Succeeded by||William Harding Jackson (Acting)|
|Born||July 14, 1906|
McKinney, Texas, U.S.
|Died||January 28, 1974 (aged 67)|
Houston, Texas, U.S.
Lena Carter Carroll
|Education||Texas Christian University|
University of Oklahoma (BS)
Yale University (LLB)
Dillon Anderson (July 14, 1906 – January 29, 1974) was an official in the federal government of the United States during the Eisenhower administration (1953–61). He served as the 2nd National Security Advisor from April 2, 1955 to September 1, 1956. He also was a member of the Draper Committee.
Anderson was born on July 14, 1906 in McKinney, Texas, the son of Joseph A. and Bessie Dillon. After attending Texas Christian University, Anderson received his B.S. from the University of Oklahoma (1927) and his LL.B. from Yale Law School (1929). He served in the United States Army during World War II (1942–1945) and earned the Army Commendation Ribbon and Legion of Merit. He worked on lend-lease materiel and military government planning, attaining the rank of colonel.
Anderson in 1940 was made partner in Houston, Texas law firm of Baker Botts, before becoming National Security Advisor, Anderson was an official at the National Security Council from 1953 to 1955. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1959.
Mr. Anderson resigned his post as special assistant in August, 1956, to return to his law practice. In 1958 he was elected chairman of the Texas National Bank. He was a director of Westinghouse Electric Corporation and of the Monsanto Chemical Corporation, and a trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, of the Brookings Institution and of the Schlumberger Foundation.
- Records of the White House Office of the Special Assistant for National Security Affairs, Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library
- Harris, John (March 9, 1955). "Cutler Resigns as Aid to Ike, Effective April 1". The Boston Daily Globe.
- "Dillon Anderson, Lawyer, Dead; Special Assistant to Eisenhower. At Big Four Summit". The New York Times. January 30, 1974.
- "Dillon Anderson, Lawyer, Dead; Special Assistant to Eisenhower". The New York Times. 30 January 1974. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
- Glover Lee, Joyce. "Anderson, Dillon (1906–1974)". Texas state Historical Association. TSHA. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 18 April 2011.