Dimetacrine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Dimetacrine
Skeletal formula of dimetacrine
Ball-and-stick model of the dimetacrine molecule
Clinical data
Trade namesIstonil, Istonyl, Linostil, Miroistonil
Routes of
administration
Oral
ATC code
Legal status
Legal status
  • In general: ℞ (Prescription only)
Identifiers
CAS Number
PubChem CID
DrugBank
ChemSpider
UNII
KEGG
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
FormulaC20H26N2
Molar mass294.43 g/mol g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)

Dimetacrine (brand names Istonil, Istonyl, Linostil, Miroistonil), also known as dimethacrine and acripramine, is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) used in Europe and formerly in Japan for the treatment of depression.[1][2][3][4][5] It has imipramine-like effects; though, in a double-blind clinical trial against imipramine, dimetacrine was found to have lower efficacy in comparison and produced more weight loss and abnormal liver tests.[6][7] Little is known about the pharmacology of dimetacrine, but it can be inferred that it acts in a similar manner to other TCAs. If this is indeed the case, dimetacrine may induce severe cardiac toxicity in overdose (a side effect unique to the tricyclic class of antidepressants).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dictionary of organic compounds. London: Chapman & Hall. 1996. ISBN 0-412-54090-8.
  2. ^ Affective disorders: perspective on ... - Google Books.
  3. ^ José Miguel Vela; Helmut Buschmann; Jörg Holenz; Antonio Párraga; Antoni Torrens (2007). Antidepressants, Antipsychotics, Anxiolytics: From Chemistry and Pharmacology to Clinical Application. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH. ISBN 3-527-31058-4.
  4. ^ Taen S, Pöldinger W (December 1966). "[Dimethacrine (istonil), an acridane derivative with the antidepressive action]". Schweizerische Medizinische Wochenschrift (in German). 96 (48): 1616–20. PMID 6008540.
  5. ^ Meyer R (May 1968). "[Contribution to the clinical evaluation of the antidepressive effect of dimethacrine (Istonil)]". Praxis (in German). 57 (20): 721–3. PMID 5756370.
  6. ^ Abuzzahab FS (November 1973). "A double-blind investigation of dimethacrine versus imipramine in hospitalized depressive states". International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Therapy and Toxicology. 8 (3): 244–53. PMID 4149236.
  7. ^ Mutschler, Ernst; Derendorf, Hartmut (1995). Drug actions: basic principles and therapeutic aspects. Stuttgart, Germany: Medpharm Scientific Pub. ISBN 0-8493-7774-9. Retrieved January 30, 2013.