Dimethoate

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Dimethoate
Dimethoate Structural Formulae .V.1.svg
Names
IUPAC name
O,O-dimethyl S-[2-(methylamino)-2-oxoethyl] dithiophosphate
Other names
O,O-dimethyl S-methylcarbamoylmethyl phosphorodithioate
Phosphorodithioic acid, O,O-Dimethyl S-(2-(methylamino)-2-oxoethylyl)ester
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEBI
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.000.437
KEGG
UNII
Properties
C5H12NO3PS2
Molar mass 229.26 g/mol
Appearance Grey-white crystalline solid
Density 1.3 g/cm3, solid
Melting point 43 to 45 °C (109 to 113 °F; 316 to 318 K)
Boiling point 117 °C (243 °F; 390 K) at 10 Pa
2.5 g/100 ml
Hazards
Main hazards Highly toxic
Safety data sheet External MSDS
GHS pictograms GHS-pictogram-exclam.svg[1]
H302 - H312[1]
P280[1]
Flash point 107 °C (225 °F; 380 K)
Related compounds
malathion
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Dimethoate is a widely used organophosphate insecticide and acaricide. It was patented and introduced in the 1950s by American Cyanamid. Like other organophosphates, dimethoate is an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor which disables cholinesterase, an enzyme essential for central nervous system function. It acts both by contact and through ingestion. It is readily absorbed and distributed throughout plant tissues, and is degraded relatively rapidly.[2]

Trade names[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Sigma-Aldrich Co., Dimethoate. Retrieved on 2013-07-20.
  2. ^ Dauterman, W. C.; Viado, G. B.; Casida, J. E.; O'Brien, R. D. (1960). "Insecticide Residues, Persistence of Dimethoate and Metabolites Following Foliar Application to Plants". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 8 (2): 115–9. doi:10.1021/jf60108a013. 
  3. ^ Padmasheela, N. C.; Delvi, M. R. (2004). "Effect of Dimethoate (Rogor 30% EC) on the brain neurosecretory cells of third instar grubs of Oryctes rhinoceros L. (Coleoptera : Scarabaeidae)". Journal of environmental biology. 25 (4): 451–5. PMID 15907075. 
  4. ^ https://www.ravensdown.co.nz/products/agrochemicals/rogor[full citation needed]

External links[edit]