Dimethyl telluride

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Dimethyl telluride
Skeletal formula of dimethyl telluride with all implicit hydrogens shown
Ball and stick model of dimethyl telluride
Systematic IUPAC name
Dimethyltellurium[1] (additive)
Other names
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.008.919
EC Number 209-809-5
MeSH dimethyltelluride
Molar mass 157.67 g·mol−1
Appearance Pale yellow, translucent liquid
Odor Garlic
Melting point −10 °C (14 °F; 263 K)
Boiling point 82 °C (180 °F; 355 K)
Related compounds
Dimethyl oxide (dimethyl ether)

Dimethyl sulfide
Dimethyl selenide

Related compounds
Hydrogen telluride

Diphenyl telluride

Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Dimethyl telluride is an organotelluride compound, formula (CH3)2Te, also known by the abbreviation DMTe.

This was the first material used to grow epitaxial cadmium telluride and mercury cadmium telluride using metalorganic vapour phase epitaxy.[2][3]

Dimethyl telluride as a product of microbial metabolism was first discovered in 1939.[4] Dimethyl telluride is produced by some fungi and bacteria (Penicillium brevicaule, P. chrysogenum, and P. notatum and the bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens).[5]

The toxicity of DMTe is unclear. It is produced by the body when tellurium or one of its compounds are ingested. It is noticeable by its garlic-like smell (resembles rotting garlic in the absence of air), similar to the effect of DMSO. Tellurium is known to be toxic.[6]


  1. ^ a b "dimethyl telluride (CHEBI:4613)". Chemical Entities of Biological Interest (ChEBI). UK: European Bioinformatics Institute. 25 September 2006. IUPAC Names. Retrieved 19 September 2011. 
  2. ^ Tunnicliffe, J.; Irvine, S. J. C.; Dosser, O. D.; Mullin, J. B. (1984). "A new MOVPE technique for the growth of highly uniform CMT". Journal of Crystal Growth. 68 (1): 245–253. Bibcode:1984JCrGr..68..245T. doi:10.1016/0022-0248(84)90423-8. 
  3. ^ Singh, H. B.; Sudha, N. (1996). "Organotellurium precursors for metal organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD) of mercury cadmium telluride (MCT)". Polyhedron. 15 (5–6): 745–763. doi:10.1016/0277-5387(95)00249-X. 
  4. ^ Bird, M. L.; Challenger, F. (1939). "Formation of organometalloidal and similar compounds by microorganisms. VII. Dimethyl telluride". Journal of the Chemical Society. 1939: 163–168. doi:10.1039/JR9390000163. 
  5. ^ Basnayake, R. S. T.; Bius, J. H.; Akpolat, O. M.; Chasteen, T. G. (2001). "Production of dimethyl telluride and elemental tellurium by bacteria amended with tellurite or tellurate". Applied Organometallic Chemistry. 15 (6): 499–510. doi:10.1002/aoc.186. 
  6. ^ Chasteen, T. G.; Bentley, R. (2003). "Biomethylation of Selenium and Tellurium: Microorganisms and Plants". Chemical Reviews. 103 (1): 1–26. doi:10.1021/cr010210+. PMID 12517179. 

External links[edit]

  • Epichem (Commercial supplier datasheet)