Dimitrov Constitution

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The Dimitrov Constitution was the second Constitution of Bulgaria, in effect from 1947 to 1971.[1] It formed the legal basis for Communist rule in Bulgaria.[2]

Georgi Dimitrov, after whom the document is named, guided the framing of the 1947 constitution on the model of the 1936 Soviet Constitution.[3] The Dimitrov Constitution guaranteed citizens equality before the law; freedom from discrimination; a universal welfare system; freedom of speech, the press, and assembly; and inviolability of person, domicile, and correspondence.[3] But those rights were qualified by a clause prohibiting activity that would jeopardize the attainments of "the national revolution of 9 September 1944."[3] Citizens were guaranteed employment but required to work in a socially useful capacity.[3] The constitution also prescribed a planned national economy.[3] Private property was allowed, if its possession was not "to the detriment of the public good."[3]


  1. ^ Konstantinov, Emil. Constitutional Foundation of Bulgaria (Historical Parallels). Rigas Network, 2002.
  2. ^ Bulgaria: The early Communist era at Encyclopedia Britannica
  3. ^ a b c d e f Glenn E. Curtis. "The Dimitrov Constitution". Bulgaria: A country study (Glenn E. Curtis, ed.). Library of Congress Federal Research Division (June 1992). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

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