Dimitrovgrad, Russia

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Dimitrovgrad
Димитровград (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Dimitrovgrad(Russia)RailwayStation.JPG
Dimitrovgrad railway station
Map of Russia - Ulyanovsk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Ulyanovsk Oblast in Russia
Dimitrovgrad is located in Ulyanovsk Oblast
Dimitrovgrad
Dimitrovgrad
Location of Dimitrovgrad in Ulyanovsk Oblast
Coordinates: 54°11′N 49°35′E / 54.183°N 49.583°E / 54.183; 49.583Coordinates: 54°11′N 49°35′E / 54.183°N 49.583°E / 54.183; 49.583
Coat of Arms of Dimitrovgrad.png
Flag of Dimitrovgrad (Ulianovsk oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of July 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Ulyanovsk Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to city of oblast significance of Dimitrovgrad[1]
Administrative center of Melekessky District,[1] city of oblast significance of Dimitrovgrad[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2011)
Urban okrug Dimitrovgrad Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Dimitrovgrad Urban Okrug,[2] Melekessky Municipal District[2]
Head[citation needed] Nikolay Gorshenin[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 122,580 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 133rd
Time zone SAMT (UTC+04:00)[4]
City status since 1919[citation needed]
Previous names Melekess (until 1972)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 4335хх
Dialing code(s) +7 84235[citation needed]
Website
Dimitrovgrad on Wikimedia Commons

Dimitrovgrad (Russian: Димитровгра́д), formerly Melekess (Мелекесс) until 1972, is a city in Ulyanovsk Oblast, Russia. It is the administrative center of Melekessky District, although it is not within the district and is an independent city. The city is located in the Volga Region, at the confluence of the Melekesska River and the Bolshoy Cheremshan River, a tributary of the Volga River. Dimitrovgrad has a population of 122,580 (2010 Census),[3] the second-largest city in Ulyanovsk Oblast, after Ulyanovsk.[6].

History[edit]

The city was founded in 1714 as a village for workers of the local distillery.[7] By 1897 its population had grown to 8,500, and in 1919 it was granted town status. Until 1972, the city's name was Melekess (Мелекесс), after the local Melekesska River which runs through the town.[citation needed] On July 15, 1972, Melekess was renamed to Dimitrovgrad, celebrating the posthumous 90th birthday of Georgi Dimitrov, the first leader of the communist People's Republic of Bulgaria.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Dimitrovgrad serves as the administrative center of Melekessky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of oblast significance of Dimitrovgrad—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Dimitrovgrad is incorporated as Dimitrovgrad Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

The city's leading enterprise, located 6 km (4 mi) to the south-west, is the country's Federal Nuclear Research Institute. One of the institute's eight atomic reactors provides Dimitrovgrad with district heating. Nearby nuclear research facilities have been pinpointed by weather experts as possible responsible for the mysterious nuclear cloud over Europe.

Dimitrovgrad's industry also includes an auto parts manufacturer (Dimitrovgrad Automobile Parts Plant,[8] carburetors, fuel pumps), a carpet manufacturing plant (Kovrotex), and a chemical processing equipment manufacturer (Dimitrovgradkhimmash and Zenith Khimmash).

Education and culture[edit]

Church of St. George the Victorious in Dimitrovgrad

The city has a variety of educational institutions. It has twenty-two secondary schools, three lyceums, one gymnasium, three branches of state universities, and two branches of private higher educational institutions. The city also has the State Scientific Center of Russian Federation, Research Institute of Atomic Reactors.[9][10]

There also is a drama theater in Dimitrovgrad.

Sports[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Population
1989 2002 2010
123,570 130,871 122,580

Ethnic groups[edit]

As of the 2010 Census: Russians - 76.2%, Tatars - 13.2%, Chuvash - 5.3%, Mordovians - 1.7%, Ukrainians - 1.0%, others - 2.5%

Notable residents[edit]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Dimitrovgrad is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #126-ZO
  2. ^ a b c d Law #043-ZO
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. ^ Publications, U.I.B. (2007). Russia Investment and Business Guide. International Business Publications USA. p. 250. ISBN 9781433041686. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Dimitrovgrad | Russia | Britannica.com". britannica.com. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  8. ^ IBP, I. (2009). Russia Automobile Industry Directory - Strategic Information and Contacts. International Business Publications USA. p. 85. ISBN 9781438740249. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  9. ^ Tsang, C.F.; Apps, J.A. (2005). Underground Injection Science and Technology. Elsevier Science. ISBN 9780080457901. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  10. ^ Carelli, M.D.; Ingersoll, D.T. (2014). Handbook of Small Modular Nuclear Reactors. Elsevier Science. ISBN 9780857098535. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  12. ^ Photo from the stadium during the Bandy World Championship
  13. ^ "РОССИЯ - США. Хоккей с мячом. г. Димитровград 04.02.2016 DJI Phantom Pro - YouTube | Short video from above of the quarterfinal between Russia and USA". youtube.com. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Информация о стадионе «Строитель», Димитровград - Реестр - Федерация хоккея с мячом России". rusbandy.ru. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Google Translate". translate.google.com. Retrieved January 8, 2017. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Ульяновской области. Закон №126-ЗО от 3 октября 2006 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ульяновской области», в ред. Закона №225-ЗО от 29 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Ульяновской области "О муниципальных образованиях Ульяновской области" и Закон Ульяновской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ульяновской области"». Опубликован: "Ульяновская правда", №77 (22.513), 6 октября 2006 г. (Legislative Assembly of Ulyanovsk Oblast. Law #126-ZO of October 3, 2006 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Ulyanovsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #225-ZO of December 29, 2014 On Amending the Law of Ulyanovsk Oblast "On the Municipal Formations of Ulyanovsk Oblast" and the Law of Ulyanovsk Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Ulyanovsk Oblast". ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Ульяновской области. Закон №043-ЗО от 13 июля 2004 г. «О муниципальных образованиях Ульяновской области», в ред. Закона №225-ЗО от 29 декабря 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Ульяновской области "О муниципальных образованиях Ульяновской области" и Закон Ульяновской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ульяновской области"». Вступил в силу через десять дней после официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Деловой Вестник", №78(2818), 20 июля 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Ulyanovsk Oblast. Law #043-ZO of July 13, 2004 On the Municipal Formations of Ulyanovsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #225-ZO of December 29, 2014 On Amending the Law of Ulyanovsk Oblast "On the Municipal Formations of Ulyanovsk Oblast" and the Law of Ulyanovsk Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Ulyanovsk Oblast". Effective as of the day which is ten days after the official publication.).

External links[edit]