Dimitrovgrad, Serbia

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Dimitrovgrad
Димитровград
Caribrod
Town and municipality
Panorama of Dimitrovgrad
Panorama of Dimitrovgrad
Coat of arms of Dimitrovgrad
Coat of arms
Location of the municipality of Dimitrovgrad within Serbia
Location of the municipality of Dimitrovgrad within Serbia
Coordinates: 43°01′N 22°47′E / 43.017°N 22.783°E / 43.017; 22.783Coordinates: 43°01′N 22°47′E / 43.017°N 22.783°E / 43.017; 22.783
Country  Serbia
Region Southern and Eastern Serbia
District Pirot
Settlements 43
Government
 • Mayor Veselin Veličkov (DS)
Area[1]
 • Town 17.10 km2 (6.60 sq mi)
 • Municipality 483 km2 (186 sq mi)
Elevation 545 m (1,788 ft)
Population (2011 census)[2]
 • Town 6,247
 • Town density 370/km2 (950/sq mi)
 • Municipality 10,056
 • Municipality density 21/km2 (54/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 18320
Area code +381(0)10
Car plates PI
Website www.dimitrovgrad.rs

Dimitrovgrad (Serbian Cyrillic: Димитровград, Bulgarian: Цариброд, Tsaribrod) is a town and municipality located in the Pirot District of southeastern Serbia. According to 2011 census, the municipality of Dimitrovgrad has a population of 10,118 people and the town 6,278.

Name[edit]

The official Serbian name is Dimitrovgrad (Димитровград), but the name Caribrod (Цариброд) is also used in Serbian. In Bulgarian, the name Tsaribrod (Цариброд) is preferred because there is another town called Dimitrovgrad on the Maritsa river in Bulgaria and Tsaribrod was used before the town was named after Georgi Dimitrov, a Bulgarian Communist leader who advocated a union between the Bulgarians and remaining Yugoslav nations to form the Balkan Federation. The idea was abandoned when Yugoslav leader Josip Broz Tito failed to reach agreements with Joseph Stalin (Tito-Stalin split), however Dimitrov himself did not become unpopular in Yugoslavia from the breakdown and subsequently, the name of the town continued to be in honour of him despite many citizens themselves having preferred Caribrod.

There have been attempts to return the old name, Caribrod, but the last referendum, held on Sunday, June 13, 2004, was invalid due to a low turnout. Only 47.8% of the 9,811 voters on the electoral roll turned out to vote, while 50% was the required minimum. Of those who voted on the issue, 2,586 were in favour of keeping the name Dimitrovgrad, while 1,786 wanted the name Caribrod to be returned.[3]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Dimitrovgrad has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification: Dfb), that's very close to an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb).

Climate data for Dimitrovgrad (1981–2010, extremes 1961–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 21.0
(69.8)
23.0
(73.4)
26.8
(80.2)
31.4
(88.5)
33.4
(92.1)
38.2
(100.8)
41.4
(106.5)
37.4
(99.3)
36.0
(96.8)
33.4
(92.1)
26.8
(80.2)
20.8
(69.4)
41.4
(106.5)
Average high °C (°F) 4.0
(39.2)
6.1
(43)
11.4
(52.5)
16.9
(62.4)
22.0
(71.6)
25.3
(77.5)
27.8
(82)
28.1
(82.6)
23.4
(74.1)
17.8
(64)
10.5
(50.9)
5.1
(41.2)
16.5
(61.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.7
(30.7)
0.6
(33.1)
5.0
(41)
10.1
(50.2)
14.9
(58.8)
18.2
(64.8)
20.1
(68.2)
19.8
(67.6)
15.3
(59.5)
10.5
(50.9)
5.0
(41)
0.8
(33.4)
10.0
(50)
Average low °C (°F) −4.3
(24.3)
−3.6
(25.5)
−0.1
(31.8)
4.1
(39.4)
8.5
(47.3)
11.6
(52.9)
13.0
(55.4)
12.9
(55.2)
9.4
(48.9)
5.4
(41.7)
1.0
(33.8)
−2.6
(27.3)
4.6
(40.3)
Record low °C (°F) −29.3
(−20.7)
−23.5
(−10.3)
−16.8
(1.8)
−8.2
(17.2)
−2.3
(27.9)
1.5
(34.7)
3.9
(39)
2.4
(36.3)
−3.5
(25.7)
−7.9
(17.8)
−17.0
(1.4)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−29.3
(−20.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 39.5
(1.555)
38.1
(1.5)
40.2
(1.583)
54.3
(2.138)
67.2
(2.646)
70.0
(2.756)
61.1
(2.406)
52.5
(2.067)
51.8
(2.039)
50.2
(1.976)
52.8
(2.079)
46.9
(1.846)
624.7
(24.594)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 12 12 12 14 13 12 9 8 9 9 11 13 135
Average snowy days 9 9 7 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 8 39
Average relative humidity (%) 81 77 70 67 69 70 66 66 71 75 79 82 73
Mean monthly sunshine hours 81.4 99.1 148.1 166.5 221.1 258.3 299.3 280.9 212.1 157.9 94.8 65.0 2,084.5
Source: Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia[4]

History[edit]

The Roman road Via Militaris was built in the 1st century AD and went through the town. In May 2010, well-preserved remains of the road were excavated during the work on Corridor 10.[5]

An Ottoman military base operated in the west of Dimitrovgrad prior to the Balkan nations full independence.[6]

The Serbian and Bulgarian Prime ministers met at the then Tsaribrod in 1912 to discuss the disputed territories in Macedonia.[7] The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes gained parts of the Principality of Bulgaria (known in Bulgaria as Western Outlands) which included Tsaribrod following the Treaty of Neuilly, signed on November 27, 1919.

From 1929 to 1941, Caribrod was part of the Morava Banovina of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. It was occupied by Kingdom of Bulgaria between 1941 and 1944 during World War II.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
194823,063—    
195322,082−0.87%
196118,418−2.24%
197116,365−1.17%
198115,158−0.76%
199113,488−1.16%
200211,748−1.25%
201110,118−1.65%
Source: [8]

According to the 2011 census results, the municipality has 10,118 inhabitants.

Ethnic groups[edit]

Regardless of ethnic self-identification, most of the town's population speaks a South Slavic dialect usually called Torlak which includes linguistic features of both Serbian (especially phonology) and Bulgarian (postposed definite articles and lack of the infinitive verb form), as well as some entirely unique vocabulary.

Ethnic composition of the municipality:

Ethnic group Population
Bulgarians 5,413
Serbs 2,819
Romani 68
Yugoslavs 59
Macedonians 38
Croats 16
Others 1,705
Total 10,118

Economy[edit]

The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2016):[9]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 9
Mining 5
Processing industry 317
Distribution of power, gas and water 23
Distribution of water and water waste management 192
Construction 37
Wholesale and retail, repair 250
Traffic, storage and communication 278
Hotels and restaurants 212
Media and telecommunications 22
Finance and insurance 22
Property stock and charter -
Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities 67
Administrative and other services 19
Administration and social assurance 412
Education 129
Healthcare and social work 175
Art, leisure and recreation 65
Other services 53
Total 2,289

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]