Dinder

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Dinder
Dinder Church, Somerset.jpg
St Michael and All Angels, Dinder
Dinder is located in Somerset
Dinder
Dinder
Dinder shown within Somerset
OS grid reference ST576446
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WELLS
Postcode district BA5
Dialling code 01749
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Somerset
51°11′58″N 2°36′27″W / 51.199351°N 2.607506°W / 51.199351; -2.607506Coordinates: 51°11′58″N 2°36′27″W / 51.199351°N 2.607506°W / 51.199351; -2.607506

Dinder (which means "the house in the valley") is a small village 2½ miles west of Shepton Mallet, and 2 miles east of Wells in Somerset. It falls within the civil parish of St Cuthbert Out.

The river Sheppey runs alongside the main street of the village.

History[edit]

The manor containing the village formed part of the endowment of the bishopric of Wells, which is located only 2 miles north-west of the village. By the 12th century it had been granted to William Fitzjohn, whose descendants were known as 'Harptree' or Flemining. By 1327, the manor was owned by a Richard de Rodney, whose family retained possession until it was sold in the mid 17th century to Richard Hickes, through whose descendants it passed to the Somerville family who built Dinder House and whose most famous member, Admiral James Somerville, was in charge of the British naval force which sank the French fleet at Oran in 1940.

The parish was part of the hundred of Wells Forum.[1] In 1894 under the Local Government Act 1894, A.F.Somerville was elected as first councillor for the parish for Wells Rural District,[2] but there was no election for parish council as parishes of under 300 inhabitants were not obliged to elect one.[3]

Buildings[edit]

The Anglican Church of St Michael is of Norman origins and has been designated by English Heritage as a Grade II* listed building.[4] It includes nave, chancel, north aisle, porch, and square tower. Within the church are an ornamental font and stone pulpit, with some monuments to the Somerville family. A cross in the churchyard dates back to the 14th century.[5]

Dinder House is a small country house in landscaped grounds. It was built in 1799–1801, possibly by Nicholls of Bath. The outer bays were added around 1850 by Vulliany, and a further single-storey addition to the north dates from 1929.[6] The gate piers, quadrant walls and flanking piers include panelled central piers with pagodal caps, and one with iron lamp at its apex.[7] A bridge over the River Sheppey predates the house.[8]

Several other buildings in the village are also of historic interest including Church View Cottage, which dates from the 16th century,[9] the 18th-century Road View and Downside House[10] and Wistaria House.[11]

Notable residents and culture[edit]

The Somerville (author and poet Christopher Somerville & Julia Somerville) Family's crest features a dragon and wheel.[12]

Dinder Worm - The legend of the Dragon of Dinder goes back for centuries, and is documented on illuminated transcript which is now preserved in Eton College Library Records.[13] The legend goes that a terrible Dragon was terrorising both livestock and villagers. The then Bishop Jocelyn was called upon to save the people of Dinder. He rode out with his men at arms, but at the last furlong commanded them to remain at a distance while he rode on and single-handedly beheaded the beast.[12] The legend of the Dragon of Dinder lives on. Every 50 years since then a celebration of the slaying of the Dragon has been held. The legend says that should this tradition be forgotten and the slaying not re-enacted by a left-handed man of the cloth the Dragon may return.[13] There is a Mosaic depicting the story made by the children of nearby Wells and Dinder set in stone on the perimeter walk of the Bishop's Palace.[14] Nearby hamlet, Worminster and the hill Worminster Sleight are likely named after this legend and the Old English word for a dragon, "worm".

Reverend Charles Woodmason (ca. 1720–March 1789), author, poet, Anglican clergyman, American loyalist, and West Gallery psalmodist, who is best remembered for his journal documenting life on the South Carolina frontier in the late 1760s and for his role as a leader of the South Carolina Regulator movement, served as curate of St. Michael and All Angels Parish from at least February 1776 through December 1777.[15] Extracts of some of the sermons he preached at Dinder are in Richard Hooker's volume on Woodmason.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  2. ^ "Parish and District Councils". Wells Journal. 20 December 1894. Retrieved 2 November 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ "The Parish Councils Act". Wells Journal. 29 November 1894. Retrieved 2 November 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)). 
  4. ^ "Church of St Michael". Images of England. Retrieved 20 September 2007. 
  5. ^ "Churchyard cross in churchyard, about 3 metres south of porch, Church of St Michael". Images of England. Retrieved 20 September 2007. 
  6. ^ "Dinder House". Images of England. Retrieved 20 September 2007. 
  7. ^ "Gate piers, quadrant walls and flanking piers to Dinder House". Images of England. Retrieved 20 September 2007. 
  8. ^ "Bridge over River Sheppey in grounds of Dinder House". Images of England. Retrieved 20 September 2007. 
  9. ^ "Church View Cottage". Images of England. Retrieved 20 September 2007. 
  10. ^ "Road View and Downside House". Images of England. Retrieved 20 September 2007. 
  11. ^ "Wistaria House". Images of England. Retrieved 20 September 2007. 
  12. ^ a b Birks, Jean. "Dinder and the legend of the dragon" (PDF). Friends of the Somerset Rural Life Museum. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  13. ^ a b "Villagers prepare to slay dragon". BBC. Retrieved 25 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "Robert Hesketh talks to artist Kate Rattray about her life and work of mosaics". Somerset Life. Retrieved 30 October 2011. 
  15. ^ Gainey, Joseph R. “Rev. Charles Woodmason (c. 1720-1789): Author, Loyalist, Missionary, and Psalmodist.” West Gallery: The Newsletter of the West Gallery Music Association (ISSN 0960-4227), Issue No. 59 (Autumn 2011), pp. 18–25.
  16. ^ Hooker, Richard J., ed. The Carolina Backcountry on the Eve of the [American] Revolution: The Journal and Other Writings of Charles Woodmason, Anglican Itinerant. 1953. ISBN 978-0-8078-4035-1

External links[edit]