|District of Malaysia|
|State||Perak Darul Ridzuan|
|• District officer||Dato' Ahmad bin Shafee|
|• Total||1,074 km2 (415 sq mi)|
|• Density||230/km2 (600/sq mi)|
|• Mayor||AZIZAN BIN HAJI ABD. MUIN, PMP., AMP., PPT.|
|• Member of Parliament||Mohamad Imran Bin Abdul Hamid (B), Y.B. Laksamana Pertama Haji (Lumut MP, PKR),|
|• Member of State Assemblyman||Ngeh Koo Ham (Sitiawan Assemblyman, DAP), Rashidi Ibrahim (Pasir Panjang Assemblyman, BN), Datuk Seri Dr. Zambry Abd Kadir (Pangkor Assemblyman, MB Perak)|
|• Total||1,168 km2 (451 sq mi)|
|• Total||247,603 (2,015)|
|• Density||231/km2 (600/sq mi)|
The Manjung District is a district in the southwestern part of the state of Perak, Malaysia. The district is well known for its Pangkor Island, a major attraction in Perak and the home of the Royal Malaysian Navy (TLDM) Lumut Naval Base and dockyard. Since the population is increasing, residential and commercial infrastructure is being developed. Dinding was once part of the British Straits Settlements colony.
Bandar Seri Manjung is the district's principal urban center while smaller towns include Lumut town, Sitiawan town, Ayer Tawar, Pantai Remis and Beruas. Other areas of some importance are Acheh Industrial Estates, Desa Manjung Raya, Manjung Point, Damai Laut Country Resort and Lumut Port.
Seri Manjung town is developing as a well-planned administrative town, housing government buildings such as the Municipal Council Office, National Registration Office, Department of Public Works Office and Immigration Office. The town also has a sports centre and shopping malls. The district is located between Sitiawan and Lumut.
- 1 History
- 2 Habitation
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Education
- 5 Transport
- 6 Healthcare
- 7 Economy
- 8 Tourism
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
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Prior to 1973 the district was called Dindings. It used to be part of the Straits Settlements then under the administration of Penang. Dindings district became part of the Pangkor Engagement (also commonly known as the Pangkor Treaty), signed by Britain and the British appointed Sultan of Perak, Sultan Abdullah, in January 1874. This agreement was signed to stop bloodshed resulting from two major events, the struggle for the throne between relatives of Perak royalty upon the death of Sultan Ali and Chinese clan wars between Ghee Hin and Hai San to grab tin mining areas in Late Colonial Taiping.
The agreement required the Sultan of Perak to surrender Dindings to the British, to accept a British Resident, Sir JWW Birch, and the appointment of Assistant Resident in Taiping, Captain Tristram Speedy. Sultan Ismail was to step down from the throne of Perak.
In 1937, the Sultan of Perak, Sultan Iskandar Alang successfully appealed to the British for the return of Dindings to Perak. The Perak Government united the former colony with Bruas and coastal areas to the south, forming the Dindings district. In 1973, Dindings district was given the current name Manjung.
- Mukim Beruas
- Mukim Lekir
- Mukim Lumut
- Mukim Pengkalan Baharu
- Mukim Sitiawan
Major settlements in Manjung
- Ayer Tawar
- Changkat Keruing
- Damar Laut
- Kampong Baharu
- Kampong Koh
- Kampong Sitiawan
- Pantai Remis
- Pasir Bogak
- Pekan Gurney
- Pengkalan Baharu
- Sungai Pinang Kechil
- Marina Island Pangkor
According to "Laporan Taburan Penduduk dan Ciri Asas Demografi, Julai 2000, Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia", Manjung District has a population of 198,576 and according to the natural needs in "Kajian Rancangan Struktur Negeri Perak 2002–2020", the total population of Manjung is about 199,809. Manjung District has the second highest Average Annual Growth Rate after Kinta, which records a 2.0% growth rate.
Manjung's land is devoted largely to agriculture, with an agricultural area of 833.75 square kilometres or about 71.20% of Manjung District. Forest reserves account for another 168.81 km2 (14.42%), while residential area is about 29.32 km2 (2.50%), and swampy area is 68.57 km2.
Manjung District has plenty of land for development purposes in the future with small barrier (1/10) due to its large landbank of agricultural land, mining areas and uncultivated lands.
On 24 April 2009, Lumut was declared by the Sultan Perak as the Royal Malaysian Navy's Town – or simply called as TLDM Town or Navy Town. Manjung also was declared as "Bandar Pelancongan Dan Maritim" (Tourism and Maritime Town) by government of Perak.
Manjung also has numerous schools along with its rapid population growth. There are 24 Chinese primary schools and five Chinese secondary schools in the district. Of these, five schools were founded by Ong Seok Kim. They are SJK (C) Chung Cheng, Sitiawan in 1920; SMJK Nan Hwa (which split into Sekolah Tinggi Nan Hwa, Ayer Tawar Road in 1984) in 1935; SJK (C) Ping Min, Lumut in 1951; and SMJK Dindings, Lumut in 1953. Ong Seok Kim died in 1964. The following year, the Manjung community established the Ong Seok Kim Memorial Education Fund in his honour. The fund offers scholarships and loans to students in the Manjung District, irrespective of ethnicity.
- Universiti Kuala Lumpur Malaysian Institute of Marine Engineering Technology (UniKL MIMET)
- Institut Kemahiran Mara (IKM) (Lumut)
- Kolej Komuniti (located partly in Sekolah Teknik Seri Manjung)
- Kolej Kejururawatan Ipoh (Lumut branch – located near in Lumut Town)
There are two federal highways linking Lumut with Ipoh and Lumut to Teluk Intan and Kuala Lumpur. From Ipoh the journey takes about one hour while the journey from Kuala Lumpur takes about three hours via the federal highway from Kuala Lumpur to Teluk Intan and further on to Lumut. From Butterworth, which is situated to the north, one can use the road to Pantai Remis or Beruas and the journey will take about 2½ hours.
In the 2014 Malaysia budget, the federal government approved the construction of West Coast Expressway project to begin, and the exit interchange will be plan in Lekir, Sitiawan and Ayer Tawar. The project is estimated to complete in five years.
Most express buses are based in Medan Gopeng (Ipoh), Pudu Raya (Kuala Lumpur) and Pengkalan Sultan Abdul Halim (Butterworth). The taxi journey from Ipoh to Lumut takes about an hour. Pelangi Air and Berjaya Air offer two weekly flights from Kuala Lumpur and Penang.
Manjung also now has new bus services known as Bas Rakyat 1 Malaysia, launched by Perak Menteri Besar, Datuk Seri Dr Zambry Abd Kadir. The 1Malaysia People's Bus Service, which is a RM4.3 million smart partnership between the state government and Syarikat Bas GBP Corporation Sdn Bhd, is aimed at resolving the transport dilemma of those who do not own a vehicle. Meanwhile, the blue bus which carries a promotional message, 'Bandar Pelancongan dan Maritim' (Tourism and Maritime Town) will cover Pantai Remis, Segari, Changkat Kruing, Simpang Empat Sitiawan, Lekir, Beruas, Lumut and Pasir Panjang.
The main healthcare centres in Manjung are:
- Hospital Seri Manjung, Seri Manjung
- Hospital Angkatan Tentera, Lumut
- Sri Manjung Specialist Centre ( member of KPJ Healthcare Berhad Group)
- Klinik Kesihatan Sitiawan, Sitiawan
- Klinik Kesihatan Ayer Tawar, Ayer Tawar
- Klinik Kesihatan Pulau Pangkor, P. Pangkor
- Klinik Kesihatan Pantai Remis, Pantai Remis
- Klinik Kesihatan Beruas, Beruas
- Klinik Kesihatan Lekir, Lekir, Sitiawan
- Pantai Hospital Seri Manjung (opened April 2014)
- Columbia Asia Hospital, Sitiawan, to replace the earlier proposed Goodhope Specialist Hospital, Sitiawan (abandoned, January 2014)
- More than 70 private clinics (family physicians)
The major sectors of economy in Manjung District are agriculture, services and manufacturing. Agriculture is still the main economic sector, providing the majority of the population's employment. Manjung District is well known for its livestock, especially chicken. Sea fishing and fish/prawn farming are the most important economic activities of some communities. At least 5,000 residents are fishermen. Farming of fresh-water fish and prawns are being carried out thoroughly in the district. There are more than 300 ponds of prawns in operation. The most popular prawn farming area is along Dinding River.
Manjung District is the fastest growing district in Perak, with property prices seeing increases of over 15% over the past few years. Manjung is also the second most rapid growing district in the state for the commercial sector with developmental units of 5,947 or 13.32%. Most of the businesses and industries located along the road linking Sitiawan, Seri Manjung, Lumut and Ayer Tawar. There also industrial and commercial activities in other small towns such as Beruas, Pantai Remis, Pekan Gurney, Lekir and Changkat Kruing.
Business activities in Manjung include wholesale, groceries and services. There are also informal activities such as settled hawkers (1,029 which cover 11.00%) and itinerant hawkers (1,092 which cover 11.00%) in Manjung district.
Of all the business activities here, services contribute about 72.30% of all the commercial activities. The groceries sector is the second largest commercial activity, covering 24.40% (1,449 unit), while wholesale activities cover the remaining portion, with about 3.40%.
Major companies in various industries are as follows:
- Shipbuilding (Boustead at Naval Base, smaller shipyards at Lumut Port)
- Mineral and material bulk handling – coal, etc. (Vale, Lekir Bulk Terminal)
- Power Generation – TNB Power Plant (Sri Manjung) and IPP Power Plant Malakoff (Segari)
- Oil and gas – Sapura Kencana HL (topside and platform fabrication)
- Biodiesel and downstream palm oil processing (Carotech at Lumut Port)
- Miscellaneous industries and factories in Lumut Port & Kg. Acheh
- Poultry farms, aquaculture (Ayam Dindings, prawn rearing)
- Flour processing (Malayan Flour Mills)
- Petronas Terminal at Kg. Acheh (for bitumin, diesel and ULG95/97) for Manjung, Kinta, Larut Matang & Selama, Hulu Perak, Hilir Perak area
- New 1000 MW TNB coal power plant (at Segari)
- Grade one shipyard (to build small tankers and tugs)
- IMPSA (to build container cranes)
- Conventional port (Lumut Port Kg. Acheh)
- LNG terminal (proposed at Segari or Kayan)
- YTY (rubber glove manufacturing employing approximately 2000 workers, not including three more factories to be built at Lumut Port Industrial Park)
- Proposed – aluminium smelter plant (to be built in Segari)
- Rumored – private airport (Pasir Panjang/Simpang Dua area)
Pangkor Island, a holiday resort, is one of the most well known islands in Malaysia. It is located approximately 90 km southwest of Ipoh. The main tourist drawer to Pangkor Island, therefore, are beaches on the western coastline, such as Pantai Puteri Dewi, Pasir Bogak Beach, Teluk Belanga, Teluk Segadas, Teluk Nipah, and Teluk Cempedak.
The main island of Pangkor is mainly populated by fisherfolk who occupy the eastern coastline. The island is famous for its anchovies and squid.
There are also ruins of a 330-year-old Dutch fort which was one of the Dutch strongholds against pirates and local Malays. Another historical interest on Pangkor Island is the Pangkor Stone Tablet (Batu Bersurat Pangkor in Malay) which is near the Dutch fort.
Pangkor Laut Island, a small privately owned island to the southwest of the main island, is the second largest of the nine islands that make up the Pangkor archipelago. Pangkor Laut is known for its white beaches and crystal clear waters. It has three main beaches, Emerald Bay, Coral Beach and Royal Bay.
Marina Island Pangkor
Marina Island Pangkor is the first man-made island in Malaysia, built on the coast of Teluk Muruh, opposite Pangkor Island and Pangkor Laut Resort, in the state of Perak, Malaysia. The island reclamation project is developed by Marina Sanctuary Resort Sdn. Bhd. totaling an area of 316.9 acres located 400 meters from the mainland's shoreline. Marina Island Pangkor took five years of methodical planning and exhaustive feasibility studies to ensure that the making of the island would not disrupt the environment.
Marina Island Pangkor is also a gateway to Pangkor Island with the establishment of a domestic jetty terminal in the island. The journey to Pangkor Island takes only 10 minutes from the Marina Island Jetty.
Besides Pangkor Island, there are other beaches in Manjung which are popular among locals and tourists. Teluk Batik Beach is a favourite spot for campers, picnickers, swimmers and sun-lovers alike. Those who prefer privacy would love the tranquil Teluk Rubiah, a beach surrounded by verdant hills and accessible by only a single entrance. Other beaches include Pasir Panjang Beach, the longest beach in Manjung and Teluk Senangin, a beautiful although remote beach just opposite Pangkor.
Other places of interest
Lumut Fishing Village is the departure point from the mainland for those who want to visit Pangkor Island.
The Terrapin Breeding Centre is a breeding centre for terrapins (or Batagur baska) as well as an information centre for wildlife enthusiasts.
A few popular golf courses in Manjung are Damai Laut Golf and Country Club, Royal Teluk Rubiah Country Club and Samudera Golf Resort.
Shopping centers and hypermarkets serve the needs of Manjung residents as well as tourists. They include:
- Billion Shopping Center, Jalan Lumut, Seri Manjung
- The Store, Sitiawan (formerly Fajar Supermarket)
- Rapid Supermarket, Sri Manjung (formerly Ceria Supermarket)
- Econsave Hypermarket, Sitiawan
- Giant Hypermarket, Seri Manjung
- Tesco Hypermarket, Seri Manjung
- AEON Seri Manjung
- Mydin Hypermarket, Sri Manjung (proposed) – beside Toyota Showroom
Most of the entertainment centre in Manjung based population where appropriate entertainment with family and local culture.
- Bowling Alley PERNAMA, TLDM Lumut
- Sitiawan Bowling Centre (located behind the old shopping center "Manjung Parade" in Sitiawan)
- Ocean Bowl, Seri Manjung (located near the AEON Seri Manjung)
- MBO Cinemas, Sitiawan (formerly Big Cinema and Lotus Five Star Cinema)
- TGV Cinemas, AEON Seri Manjung (opened on 22 December 2014)
- Mini Stadium Seri Manjung (facility with football field, hockey court, running treks, and badminton court)
- Padang Astaka Sitiawan (facility with football field and basketball court)
- Private Futsal Court (located in park in residential area)
- MP3 Badminton Court Center (located near giant hypermarket)
There are many accommodation options in the major towns and tourist destinations in Manjung. They range from 5-star resorts to chalets in different environments, catering to different price ranges.
Accommodation options in Lumut include the Orient Star Resort Lumut, Hotel DJ Place, Swiss-Garden Resort and Spa Damai Laut, Marina Cove Resort, Blue Bay Resort, Lumut Country Resort, Chalet Impian, D'Puncak Villa, Galaxy Inn, Harbour View Hotel, Impian Teluk Batik, Kenangan Chalet, Lumut Villa Inn, Manjung Permai Hotel, Swiss-Court Holiday Apartments Damai Laut and Teluk Batik Chalet.
Manjung town has the Lead View Hotel and Lee Garden Hotel, while Sitiawan offers a few hotels such as Fajar Hotel, Hotel Crystal, Hotel Flamingo, Mahsuri Hotel, Mandarin Hotel, Mirama Hotel, Palace Hotel, Queen Hotel, Sitiawan Hotel, Vilton Hotel, Hotel Bei King and Yaohan Hotel.
Because of its popularity, Pangkor Archipelago has the most accommodation options, especially seaside resorts. They include Pangkor Laut Resort, Anjungan Beach Resort and Spa, Pangkor Island Beach Resort, Pangkor Holiday Resort, Pangkor Coral Bay Resort, Pangkor Bayview Beach Resort, Puteri Bayu Beach Resort, Seaview Hotel and Holiday Resort, Palma Resort, Teluk Dalam Resort, Pangkor Height Villa, Beach Huts Hotel, Coral Beach Camp, Coral View Beach Resort, D' Lambaian Resort, Flora Beach Resort, Havana Beach Resort, Horizon Inn, Hornbill Resort, Lambaian Beach Resort,Mizam Country Club and Resort, Nipah Bay, Villa Nipah Mas, Pangkor Indah Beach Resort, Pangkor Paradise Village and Seagull Beach Resort.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Manjung.|
- "BASIC POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS BY ADMINISTRATIVE DISTRICTS". Jabatan Perangkaan Malaysia. p. 3. Archived from the original on November 13, 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-24.
- SAID, MOHAMAD HAFIZI MOHD. "Pulau Sembilan kini bawah Bagan Datoh". Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- Marina Island Pangkor
- Wang Jianshi, Ong Eng-Joo: No Other Way Out – A Biography of Ong Seok Kim. PJ, Malaysia: Strategic Information and Research Development Centre, 2013, see Official Site of Ong Seok Kim
- SJK (C) Chung Cheng
- SMJK Nan Hwa
- SJK (C) Ping Min
- SMJK Dindings
- "Ong Seok Kim Memorial Education Fund – Ong Seok Kim". Retrieved 8 November 2016.
- Outward Bound Malaysia
- Pusat Latihan Khidmat Negara
- Malaysian, Digest. "Malaysian Digest". malaysiandigest.com. Retrieved 26 September 2015.
- Coral Bay Resort, Pangkor
- Nipah Bay Villa
- Marina Island Pangkor
- A picture
- The Store
- MBO Cinemas, Sitiawan
- TGV Cinemas, AEON Seri Manjung