Dine and dash
A dine and dash (also referred to as "dine and ditch", "eat and run", "wine and dine" "doing a runner" or "beating the check") is a form of theft by fraud, in which a patron orders and consumes food from a restaurant or similar establishment with no intent to pay, then leaves without paying.
Simply failing to pay a bill when due is generally not a crime in most circumstances or jurisdictions. It is a contract debt, and the act is civil rather than criminal in nature. However, there are often laws that apply specifically to restaurants, hotels, and other circumstances, where the presumption is that the customer never intended to pay their bill and therefore obtained the valuable services under false pretenses, a form of criminal fraud.
It is often the case that the establishment makes their employees pay the cost of customer theft to give them an incentive to police their customers. They may do so explicitly by deducting unpaid meals from wages or tips, or implicitly through an end-of-shift reconciliation system whereby the server is expected to provide enough cash and credit card receipts to cover the cost of their customers' meals, and keeps any surplus as tips. Though theoretically illegal in some cases, the server is often held responsible for tabs that are not paid. It may be illegal, for example, for an establishment to require an employee to pay for an unpaid tab, but it is often a serious offense to have someone walk out on their check. The server must decide whether to pay the tab and keep his or her job, or not pay and risk losing it.
- Schultz, Connie (December 15, 2009). "The costs of getting stiffed shouldn't be the server's to pay". Cleveland Live.
- "Payment of Wages". Ontario Ministry of Labor. November 2009.
- British Columbia Ministry of Labour and Citizens' Services (2005). "Interpretation Guidelines Manual: British Columbia Employment Standards Act and Regulations".
- U.S. Department of Labor (2009). "Fact Sheet #16: Deductions From Wages for Uniforms and Other Facilities Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)" (PDF).
- "Deductions that are not allowed" (PDF). Government of Alberta. September 2011.
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