September 16, 1913|
Chetla, Alipore, 24 Parganas (now South 24 Parganas District), Bengal, British Indian Empire (now in West Bengal)
|Died||13 March 1985
Gopalnagar, Bangaon subdivision, North 24 Parganas district, India
He was born in his maternal home at Chetla in Alipore, a locality on the bank of Adi Ganga creek. When he was in Class IX, at around 15 years age, he became involved in secret revolutionary Indian independence movement. He also became involved in Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's Salt Satygraha movement which hampered his formal education. However he passed Matriculation Examination in 1930, and I.A. in 1932 from the South Suburban College (now Asutosh College). In 1933, he was admitted to B.A. in Scottish Church College. In 1934, first poem "Sraboney" was published in Desh. However he could not complete his B.A. due to his revolutionary and literary activities. In 1935, he took a job at Khayerbari Tea Estate and moved to Kurseong. There he became disillusioned with Gandhism and on return to Calcutta next year, he became inspired by communism and read writings of Karl Marx, Friedrich Engels and Ralph Fox. In 1937, he created a stir with his poem Kaste (Sickle). He immortalized Kolkata's Clive Street in one of his poems:
Here, in a hundred snake-like veins,
Streams of people come and go.
Through these shrunken veins the blood,
Of the country must flow.
O Mighty City's beating heart,
O Clive Street of Bengal,
A thousand dumb veins freeze to make,
The cornerstone of your high hall.
- Kabita (Poems)
- Bhukhmichhil (Hunger Procession)
- Kancher Manush (Glass Humans)
- Ram gechhe Banabase (Ram is in Forest Exile)
- Kaste (Scythe; also part of the symbol of the Communist Party): an allegory on modern industrial life
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